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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Fusarium solani ; Mitochondrial plasmids ; Terminal inverted repeats ; Terminal proteins
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The mitochondria of isolate FS37 from Nectria haematococca mating population I (Fusarium solani f. sp. cucurbitae) contain two linear plasmids, pFSCI and pFSC2, of 9.2 and 8.3 kbp, respectively. Evidence for a protein blocking the 5′ termini of these plasmids was obtained from exonuclease digestion experiments. A single protein band with an apparent Mr of 80 K was labeled when the DNA-protein complex of either plasmid was reacted with [125I] Bolton-Hunter reagent and then digested with DNase I. DNA sequence analysis of the termini of both plasmids revealed long inverted repeats of 1,211 by (pFSC1) and 1,027bp (pFSC2). No sequence similarity was found between the terminal inverted repeats (TIRs) of pFSC1 and pFSC2, nor was any similarity identified between the TIRs of the these plasmids and sequences of TIRs from other linear DNAs. A restriction fragment containing the TIR of pFSCI conferred autonomous replication when incorporated into an integrative transformation vector of Ustilago maydis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Transformation ; Stability ; Hygromycin B resistance ; Rice blast fungus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Magnaporthe grisea was transformed with cosmid pAN7-2 encoding hygromycin B resistance but containing no homology with the M. grisea genome. Rearrangement of the integrated DNA was detected in several hygromycin B-resistant progeny from cross Guy11-T10-1 (a single-copy integration site transformant)x2539 (sensitive wild-type parent), but not in hygromycin B-resistant progeny from four other crosses. Transformants produced typical lesions when inoculated onto host plants. Southern hybridization revealed rearrangements of integrated DNA in single conidial isolates of highcopy transformant 2539-T1-1 re-isolated from host plants, characterized by excision of one or more copies of the transforming plasmid. Plasmid loss and rearrangement were also observed within single conidial isolates derived from transformant 2539-T1-1 following ten asexual generations on non-selective agar medium. These examples of instability of integrated DNA in M. grisea transformants suggest that caution should be exercised in the use of transformation for assessing the phenotypic effects of specific introduced genes.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Key words Repeated DNA ; Rice blast ; Fingerprinting ; Transposon
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The distribution of a previously described repeated DNA sequence present as a 1.3-kb PstI fragment in the genome of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea was analysed by carrying out DNA fingerprint analysis of 36 isolates including rice, non-rice and laboratory strains. The analysis of various higher-molecular-weight PstI fragments with homology to the 1.3-kb repeat revealed that these may arise predominantly from transposon insertions or point mutations. Analysis of a 5.1-kb derivative revealed both a point mutation at a PstI site and an insertion of a putative transposable element which caused an increase in molecular weight from 1.3 to 5.1 kb. Another repeat element of 1.4 kb was identified and found to exist in association with the 1.3-kb repeat. Both 1.3- and 1.4-kb elements were found to be parts of MGR583 (Hamer et al. 1989), a LINE-like element. These elements were present in a high copy number in all the rice and a majority of non-rice pathogens indicating that MGR583 is not a host-specific sequence as reported earlier. Our results suggest that repeated DNA elements in M. grisea have amplified independently of one another and further indicate that different isolates of M. grisea may have evolved from several distinct lines of origin.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Chromosoma 96 (1988), S. 427-433 
    ISSN: 1432-0886
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A molecular karyotype of the corn smut-inducing fungus Ustilago maydis was prepared using orthogonalfield-alternation gel electrophoresis (OFAGE). At least 20 chromosome-sized DNAs ranging from approximately 300 kb to the maximum limit of resolution of this system were identified in haploid cells of a widely used strain. Although general features of the banding pattern of chromosome-sized DNAs were conserved between strains, no two strains had identical karyotypes, indicating that considerable chromosome length polymorphism exists in this species. This polymorphism was seen in both laboratory strains as well as more recent isolates from nature. Length variation in apparently identical chromosomes was usually small, but was occasionally significant. In one strain Southern DNA hybridization analysis suggested the occurrence of a stable large-scale, inter-chromosomal exchange which had given rise to two novel chromosomes.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Transformation ; Hygromycin B resistance ; Rice blast fungus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Low frequency, integrative transformation of three fertile hermaphroditic strains of Magnaporthe grisea has been achieved using plasmid pAN7-1 and cosmid pAN7-2, which contain an Escherichia coli hygromycin B phosphotransferase gene linked to Aspergillus nidulans regulatory sequences.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1520-5126
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 108 (1989), S. 125-133 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: ferrichrome ; ferrichrome A ; hydroxamate ; siderophore and Ustilago maydis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Two siderophores, ferrichrome and ferrichrome A, were found in cultures of Ustilago maydis (DC) Corda. Both siderophores were found intracellularly and extracellularly. Their authenticity was confirmed by thin layer chromatography, HPLC, UV-visible spectrometry, paper electrophoresis, amino acid analysis, NMR and fast atom bombardment mass spectroscopy. Regulation of siderophore production by iron was examined. Repression of biosynthesis of extracellular siderophores occurred at 10−5 M iron. Ferrichrome was found intracellularly at all iron concentrations employed; in general, ferrichrome A was not found to be cell-associated.
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