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  • 1
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Enzyme-linked immunofiltration assay (ELIFA) for labeling transferred proteins is an interesting and powerful technique for the rapid specific detection (15 min) of proteins immobilized on nitrocellulose or nylon membranes (0.20 and 0.45 μm). ELIFA does not require fastidious handling of the membranes. Saturation, specific labeling and washing procedures are achieved by filtration, controlled by a monitoring unit which regulates the flow rate and ensures excellent specificity, repetition and reproducibility. The recycling by closed circuit or by repetetive inversion of the flow direction offers the advantage of reducing the volumes of expensive reagents while simultaneously increasing the sensitivity of the technique. The detection limit is at least as low as 1-5 ng using directly or indirectly enzymatically labelled probes. ELIFA may be extended to the identification of glycoproteins using specific ligands such as lectins or to the immunocapture of an antigen using specific antibodies immobilized on an activated membrane. ELIFA complements fast separation, by e.g., isoelectric focusing, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, or sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and accelerated electrotransfer to membranes with rapid detection reducing the total time for separation transfer and detection to less than 2 h.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Enzyme linked immunofiltration-assay ; Membrane ; Genomic amplification ; Active filtration ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We report the use of enzyme-linked immunofiltration-assay (ELIFA) for rapid detection of Toxoplasma gondii DNA after transfer to nitrocellulose or nylon membranes. Saturation, specific labeling with a nonradioactive oligonucleotide probe and washing steps are included in an active filtration process, which is controled by microcomputer regulating reagent flow. This method provides excellent specificity, reproducibility and repeatability. Recycling in a closed circuit or by reversing the direction of flow provides the advantage of reducing the required volume of costly reagents (e.g. probes). ELIFA does not require lengthy membrane manipulation, and hybridization as well as stringency and revelation steps can be automated. The procedure can be carried out in less than 2 h, which is a major time saving compared to conventional solid-phase molecular hybridization techniques.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
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