Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF) developped together with the Siemens Company (FRG) allows to perform rapid multi-elemental analysis of biological fluids without pretreatment of the samples. The performance of this technique and its features are reported in two different fields: blood analysis and pulmonary investigations. Blood and plasma analysis were performed for more than 2500 patients and a statistical treatment of the data lead to the normal concentrations of trace elements Se, Rb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Ca, Br, K. Toxic elements such as Hg or Pb and also drugs like Au and Pt compounds can be detected even after a long period after treatment. To illustrate the performance of the spectrometer we report the influence of Cis-Pt treatment on the trace element concentrations in plasma of patients with anemia. The EDXRF spectrometry was also used to investigate the inorganic composition of the broncho-alveolar lavage fluids. After determination of the normal concentration range, it was possible to characterize some typical pulmonary diseases due to occupational exposure. Some examples of detected pneumoconiosis and for some patients the presence in the alveoli of elements due to special medication (Amiodarone, Aurothiopropanol-sulfonate) are mentioned. Other fields are being investigated such as: follow-up of Mn dependent enzymes in neuronal and glial cells in culture; origin of lead in dental tissues or composition of lyophilized food powders. They will be briefly discussed.
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