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  • 1
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Actin microfilaments ; Cell body ; Cell cycle ; Cell growth ; Cell polarity ; Microtubules
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Certain aspects of cellular behaviour in relation to growth and development of plants can be understood in terms of the “cell body” concept proposed by Daniel Mazia in 1993. During the interphase of the mitotic cell cycle, the plant cell body is held to consist of a nucleus and a perinuclear microtubule-organizing centre from which microtubules radiate into the cytoplasm. During mitosis and cytokinesis in meristematic cells, and also during the period of growth in post-mitotic cells immediately beyond the meristem, the plant cell body undergoes various characteristic morphological transformations, many of which are proposed as being related to changing structural connections with the actin-based component of the cytoskeleton and with specialized, plasma-membrane-associated sites at the cell periphery. In post-mitotic cells, these transformations of the plant cell body coincide with, and probably provide conditions for, the various pathways of development which such cells follow. They are also responsible, for the acquisition of new cellular polarities. Events in which the plant cell body participates include the formation of a mitotic spindle, phragmoplast, and new cell division wall, the rearrangement of a diffuse type of cell wall growth into tip growth (as occurs, e.g., during the initiation and subsequent development of root hairs), and the growth and division that occurs in reactivated vacuolate cells. If more evidence can be marshalled in support of the existence and properties of the plant cell body, then this concept could prove useful in interpreting the cytological bases of a range of developmental events in plants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Tobacco ; Pollen tube ; Organelle distribution ; Endocytosis ; Exocytosis ; Cell wall
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The present study provides the first quantitative analysis on the distribution of organelles in pollen tubes ofNicotiana tabacum L. Organelles were studied on living pollen tubes by means of fluorescence confocal laser scanning microscopy and on cryo-fixed, freeze-substituted and serially sectioned material by electron microscopy. In the tip a 300 nm to 400 nm thick wall was secreted that proximately gradually separated into a wall with an opaque inner side and a more translucent, layered outer side. Tubular endoplasmic reticulum was particularly abundant in the tip of the tube, surrounding the region where secretory vesicles (SV) accumulated. Mitochondria were randomly distributed throughout the cytoplasm, no accumulations were present. Dictyosomes, however, showed an increased abundance at 25–30 μm behind the tip. The accumulation of coated pits (CP) in a zone 6–15 μm behind the tip identifies this zone as the major site of endocytosis: 50% of all CP occur in this zone. Quantification of exo- and endocytosis showed that only part of the membrane material of the SV can be retrieved after exocytosis. The typical zonation in endocytotic activity may serve to maintain a difference in membrane protein composition between the tip and the tube.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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