Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 0300-9629
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-136X
    Keywords: C-20 hydroxylation ; Ecdysone metabolism ; Midgut ; Microsomes ; Steroid hydroxylase ; Gryllus bimaculatus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Ecdysone 20-monooxygenase, the enzyme system which converts ecdysone into 20-hydroxyecdysone, was characterized in the midgut of 4-day-old female adult Gryllus bimaculatus using an in vitro radioassay. Differential centrifugation and sucrose gradient centrifugation revealed that ecdysone 20-monooxygenase activity is associated with the microsomal fractions. The 20-monooxygenase was found to be most active in potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.8, at an osmolarity of 100 mOsm and at 39 °C assay temperature. The conversion of ecdysone into 20-hydroxyecdysone was linear over an incubation period of 12 min and with respect to a protein concentration of 3 mg·ml−1. K+ and Na+ (10−3–10−1 M), Ca2+ (2.3 mM), and EDTA (1–5 mM) did not affect monooxygenase activity, whereas Mg2+ (2.3–10 mM) slightly inhibited enzyme activity. The enzyme complex has an apparent Km for ecdysone of 3.7·10−7 M and is competitively inhibited by its product, 20-hydroxyecdysone, with an apparent Ki of 4·10−6 M. The cytochrome P-450 nature of the steroid hydroxylase was shown by its obligate requirement for NADPH and its inhibition by carbon monoxide, metyrapone, and p-chloromercuribenzoate, but not by cyanide. The insect systemic growth disruptor, azadirachtin, was found to inhibit ecdysone 20-monooxygenase activity with a I50 of 8·10−4 M. From the CO-difference spectrum, a cytochrome P-450 content of 285 pmol·mg protein−1 was calculated for midgut microsomes of 4-day-old females.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Active specific immunotherapy was performed in a phase I study in 20 colorectal cancer patients after surgical resection of the tumor. An autologous tumor cell vaccine surface modified by Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was used, which showed the following characteristics. After mechanical and enzymatic dissociation of the tumor tissue an average of 5 × 107 cells/g tissue was obtained. According to trypan blue dye exclusion assay the average viability was 72%. Following irradiation (200 Gy) the inactivation of proliferative activity of the cells could be demonstrated by the absence of incorporation of3H-labelled thymidine. The cells were, however, still metabolically active as shown by the incorporation of [3H]-uridine and a mixture of3H-labelled amino acids. Epithelium-specific antigens (detected by mAb HEA125) were expressed on more than 75% cells of the cell suspension indicating a high amount of (epithelium-derived) tumor cells. In order to increase the immunogenicity of the tumor cells the suspended cells were infected by the nonlytic, apathogenic Ulster strain of NDV. The successful modification of tumor cells with NDV could be shown by electron microscopy. Three weeks postoperatively cells were thawed, virus-modified, and inoculated intradermally in the upper thigh. Several cell and virus concentrations were tested in each patient. As control, tumor cells without NDV, NDV alone and normal colon mucosa were used. The number of tumor cells ranged from 2 × 106 up to 2 × 107 cells and NDV concentrations from 4 to 64 hemagglutination units (HU) were tested. Sixteen patients responded with a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin reaction to the vaccine. The best DTH reaction, measured 24 h following vaccination, was obtained using a vaccine consisting of 1 × 107 tumor cells and 32 HU NDV (median induration of 8 mm). Response to NDV alone was seen in 2 patients only (median induration of 3 mm); 12 patients responded to tumor cells (1 × 107) alone (median induration of 4 mm). Of 10 patients tested with normal colorectal mucosa, 4 responded with a median induration of 3.5 mm. DTH responses to the vaccine of 1 × 107 tumor cells and 32 HU NDV increased throughout the repeated vaccinations to a median induration of 9.5 mm at the end of the therapy. No severe side-effects in the course of the immunotherapy, except for mild fever in 4/20 patients, were observed. The results of our phase I study show that this type of autologous colorectal tumor cell vaccine is ready for a large clinical trial to prove its efficacy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0886
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In wild-type Drosophila hydei (genotype X/Y) four different primary spermatocyte nuclear glycoproteins, classified as non-Y encoded because of their occurrence in X/O genotypes, were demonstrated to possess a few epitopes that depended on formation of the Y chromosomal giant lampbrush loops threads (th; Mr 55000 proteins) or pseudonucleolus (ps; Mr 38000, 58000 and 98000 proteins). The epitopes reacted with lectins and/or antibodies in vitro (lectin-/immunoreplica of primary spermatocyte total nuclear protein), and were lacking in mutants not possessing the respective loops. Those dependent on ps reacted with human sera. Epitopes restricted to proteins from th-forming spermatocytes reacted with lectin Con A (specific for d-Man and/or d-Glc) and antibodies directed against mouse immunoglobulins (AIA). In situ experiments (immunofluorescence microscopy of primary spermatocyte nuclei) revealed antibody cross-reactions with the respective loops. The reagents stained the distal (fused) sections and proximal (compact) parts of ps (human sera) or the proximal (compact) parts of th (AIA). Reaction with the latter loops was significantly repressed after absorption of AIA with the l-Fuc carbohydrate unit, classifying the AIA as fucosyl specific, and the epitopes along th as l-Fuc carbohydrate units.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1435-2451
    Keywords: β-hCG ; Gastric carcinoma Prognostic factors ; Immunohistochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Einleitung: Nach neueren Untersuchungen ist davon auszugehen, daß bei des Hälfte von Patienten mit einem Magenkarzinom β-hCG-positive Zellen im Tumor immunhistochemisch gefunden werden können. Ziel war daher, systematisch zu untersuchen, inwieweit β-hCG-immunreaktive Magenkarzinome von einem Anstieg des Serum-β-hCG begleitet werden and dieses damit als Verlaufsparameter zur Verfügung steht. Methode: Bei 54 Patienten mit einem Magenkarzinom wurde zur immunhistochemischen Darstellung ein gegen β-hCG gerichteter monoklonaler Antikörper (Fa. Sigma, 1:100) im APAAP-System verwendet. Die Auswertung wurde nach positiver and negatives Reaktion graduiert. Parallel wurde im Serum des Patienten β-hCG präoperativ mit einem Enzymimmunoassay (MEIA, Fa. Abbot) bestimmt. Tumor-stadium, Grading and Tumor-lokalisation werden in die Auswertung mit einbezogen. Ergebnisse: Es wird bestätigt, daß 41% (22 von 54) des Karzinome, unabhängig von ihrer Lokalisation im Magen, eine positive immunhistochemische Reaktion gegen β-hCG auslösen. Es zeigte sich in Abhängigkeit vom Tumorstadium eine positive β-hCG-Immunreaktivität in 27% (6 von 22) des Tumoren ohne Lymphknoten- and Fernmetastasierung (T1–4 N0 M0), in 54% (7 von 13) des Tumoren mit Lymphknotenaber ohne Fernmetastasen (T1–4 N≥1 M0) und in 47% (9 von 35) des Tumoren mit Fernmetastasierung. Schlecht differenzierte Tumoren (G3–4) waren zu 42% (15 von 36) und gut differenzierte Tumoren (G1–2) nur zu 39% (7 von 18) positiv. Aber lediglich bei einer Patientin war der β-hCG-Spiegel im Serum erhöht. Zusammenfassung: Immunhistochemisch β-hCG-positive Magenkarzinome werden vermehrt bei fortgeschrittenem Tumorstadium und Schlecht differenzierten Karzinomen gefunden. Diese Kar zinome scheinen aber nicht in ausreichender Menge β-hCG ins Serum abzugeben, was zu serologisch meßbar erhöh-ten Werten führt. β-hCG im Serum kann daher nicht als Prognosefaktor bzw. zur Verlaufskontrolle herangezogen werden. Abzuwarten bleibt, inwieweit die β-hCG-Expression von Tumorzellen u. U. Einfluß auf die Propose der Patienten besitzt.
    Notes: Abstract Introduction: Recent investigations indicate that in 50% of patients with gastric cancer, β-hCG-posiitive cells can be found in the tumour by immunohistochemical investigations. The objective of this study was to investigate how often β-hCG-immunoreactive gastric carcinomas were accompanied by an elevation in serum β-hCG, that could have been used as a course control variable. Methods: In 54 patients with gastric carcinoma a monoclonal antibody directed against β-hCG was used for immunohistochemical marking in the APAAP system. The evaluation was graded positive or negative. In parallel, serum β-hCG was determined preoperatively using an enzyme immunoassay (MEIA). Tumour stage, grading and tumour locallization were determinants in the evaluation. Results: We found that 41% (22 of 54) of the carcinomas induced a :positive immunohistochemical response to β-hCG, regardless of their location in the stomach. In relation to tumour stage, a positive β-hCG immunoreactivity was apparent in 27% (6/22) of tumours without lymph node or distant metastases (TI -4N0M0), in 54% (7/13) of tumours with lymph node and without distant metastases (T1−4N≥1 M0) and in 47% (9/35) of tumours with distant metastases. Poorly differentiated tumours (G3–4) were positive in 42% (15/36) and well-differentiated tumors (G1–2) in 39% (7/18) of cases. In only 1 patient was the β-hCG, level in serum elevated, however. Conclusions: β-hCG-Positive gastric carcinomas are found more frequently in advanced tumour stages and poorly differentiated carcinomas. These carcinomas, however, seem not to excrete β-hCG in sufficient amounts to produce measurable serum values. Therefore, β-hCG cannot be used a prognostic factor or for course control. The relevance of β-hCG expression of tumour cells to the patients' prognosis remains obscure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 0012-1606
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...