Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Effects of isolated soy protein (ISP), frozen, textured isolated soy protein (FTISP), soybean oil (SO), and hydrogenated soybean oil (HSO) addition on chemical, color, sensory, and microbial stability of lean (〉90%) ground beef patties (LGBP) were evaluated. Soy oil was incorporated as an emulsion (SE). Nine treatments, including two all beef controls (20 and 10% fat), were formulated to contain combinations of SE, HSO and FTISP. Sensory panelists found LGBP with 25% FTISP (10% fat from beef) to have as intense beef flavor (P〉0.05) as all beef controls. Lipid oxidation and pigment discoloration rates were slowed by fat adjustment to 10% with SO and/or HSO. Soy had no effect (P〉0.05) on microbial stability.
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