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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-0879
    Keywords: Superficial bladder cancer ; bcl-2 ; p53 ; EGFr ; MIB-1
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Immunoreactivity of bcl-2, p53, the epidermal growth factor (EGFr) and Ki-67 (MIB-1) proteins was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 185 patients with superficial bladder cancer (SBC) in order to evaluate their usefulness as indicators of tumor progression. Forty-one percent of the tumors were bcl-2 positive, 36% of them were positive for p53 (over 20% of nuclei), while 41% were positive for EGFr, and 30% of the tumors were MIB-1 positive (proliferation index 〉 15%). Immunoreactivity of all analyzed proteins was highly significantly related to tumor grade and stage. Tumors which were bcl-2, p53 or EGFr positive were also rapidly proliferative (MIB-1 score 〉 15%). The obtained results suggest that all analyzed proteins may have prognostic significance in SBC. The prognostic value of the abnormal immunolabeling of the analyzed proteins will be established after an adequate follow-up period of this same cohort of patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-0879
    Keywords: Superficial bladder cancer ; MIB-1 ; S-phase fraction ; M/V index
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Cell proliferation of transitional cell bladder cancer (TCC) was determined by MIB-1 immunolabeling, volume-corrected mitotic index (M/V index) and S-phase fraction measurement in 207 patients with superficial (Ta-T1) bladder cancer. The results were compared to T category, WHO grade and DNA-ploidy. The MIB-1 score was related to T category (P〈0.001), WHO grade (P〈0.001), DNA ploidy (P〈0.0001), M/V index (P〈0.0001) and fraction of cells in S phase (P〈0.0001). The mean MIB-1 score was 6.37% for G1, 14.59% for G2 and 28.59% for G3 carcinomas (P〈0.001). The MIB-1 score for Ta tumors was 9.24% and for T1 tumors 25.34% (P〈0.001). The M/V index was 3.9 for G1, 11.5 for G2 and 25.9 for G3 tumors (P〈0.0001). The M/V index for Ta tumors was 6.4 and 25.3 for T1 tumors (P〈0.0001). WHO grade 1 tumors had 7.7%, grade 2 tumors 13.8% and grade 3 tumors 21.8% of cells in S phase (P〈0.001). Of grade 1 tumors, 97% were diploid and 3% aneuploid, and 78% of grade 2 tumors were diploid and 22% aneuploid. Of grade 3 tumors, 30% were diploid and 70% aneuploid (P〈0.001). Of Ta tumors, 92% were diploid and 8% aneuploid, respectively, whereas 40% of T1 tumors were diploid and 60% aneuploid (P〈0.0001). The results show that quantitative cell proliferation indices are associated with T category and WHO grade in superficial bladder cancer. The prognostic value of the S-phase fraction and mitotic index has been demonstrated in several previous analyses of prognostic factors while the value of MIB-1 score on bladder cancer prognosis remains to be established in further follow-up studies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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