Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
One of the delicate steps in the preparation of soybean curd is the addition of a salt to precipitate soy protein. The commonly employed salt is calcium sulfate. In this study, the use of other calcium salts (calcium chloride, calcium lactate, calcium acetate, calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, calcium hydroxide, calcium gluconate) and two noncalcium compounds (glucono-δ-lactone and acetic acid) was investigated. The result showed that soy protein was precipitated by calcium chloride, calcium lactate, calcium acetate, calcium gluconate, glucono-δ-lactone, and acetic acid. The amount of chemical added to precipitate soy protein varied depending upon the type of compound used, but in all cases, soy protein was precipitated when the pH of soy milk was at or near 6.0. Calcium acetate and calcium chloride appeared to be good precipitants for soybean curd preparation. The quality and sensory score of the soybean curd prepared from these salts requires less skill than calcium sulfate because of solubility; besides, the amount of the salt needed to precipitate soy protein was less than one-half that of calcium sulfate.
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