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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A total of 1484 rectal, nose and throat swabs from 734 dogs were tested for human enteroviruses. Six isolations of coxsackievirus B1 were obtained; two from Beagle dogs, two from Dalmation dogs and two from mongrel dogs. The relationship of these viruses in dogs to the epidemiology of the virus is unknown. An untyped adeno-like virus was recovered from a mongrel dog. Eleven adenoviruses, three polioviruses and one coxsackievirus were recovered from 632 swabs from 559 humans in a comparative study.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The pattern of axially (perpendicular to the occlusal plane) directed occlusal forces developed during light tooth tapping in habitual occlusion, chewing, swallowing and maximal biting was studied in twelve subjects whose dentitions were periodontally treated and prosthetically restored with cross-arch bridges with unilateral posterior two-unit cantilevers.The measuring devices consisted of four strain-gauge transducers uniformly and bilaterally mounted in pontics of maxillary bridges to represent the posterior (end abutment and distal cantilever respectively) and anterior regions. Thus, the forces could be studied locally in various parts of the dentition simultaneously as well as totally over the entire dentition.The results demonstrated that the distal cantilever unit, on average, was subjected to forces about or less than half of those over the contralateral end abutment unit irrespective of the activity studied. Furthermore, the cantilever forces either equalled or were even significantly smaller than those of the anterior regions.All subjects preferred the end abutment side as the chewing side. When the cantilever side was used as the chewing side, which occurred most infrequently, the bolus was usually located in the anterior region.The mean total chewing force (about 50 N) was only about half of that found in a previous study of subjects supplied with cross-arch bridges with bilateral end abutments (Lundgren & Laurell, 1985). Furthermore, on average only 26% of the voluntary muscular capacity was used during chewing, compared with 37% in the ‘bilateral end abutment group’ referred to.The reasons for the comparably small forces over the distal cantilever unit and the lower muscular utilization during chewing in cross-arch bridges with unilateral posterior two-unit cantilevers as well as the implications of the findings for the dimension of such bridge constructions are discussed.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The pattern of axially directed occlusal forces, i.e. magnitude, distribution, duration and frequency of occlusal forces perpendicular to the occlusal plane, was studied during chewing, swallowing and biting in twelve subjects whose dentitions were periodontally treated and prosthetically restored with fixed, cross-arch bridges whose periodontal support included bilateral end abutments.The measuring devices consisted of four strain gauge transducers bilaterally mounted into pontics of maxillary bridges to represent the posterior and anterior regions. The forces could thus be studied in various parts of as well as over the entire dentition simultaneously.All subjects exhibited a rhythmic chewing pattern with preference of one side as chewing side.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that jaw bone, subjected to mechanical intervention, will heal with increased density compared with conditions before the traumatic insult. The natural edentulous area between the incisor and the first molar on both sides of the maxillary jaw of 8 adult New Zealand white rabbits constituted the experimental model. On the test side, holes were drilled through the cortical plate and into the cancellous bone. No drilling was performed on the contralateral control side. One transversal ground section from each specimen, taken in the centre of and representing both the test and control site, was prepared to ensure that the same sagittal level of the jaw was represented. Morphometric measurements were performed and comprised assessments of the total cross-sectional area of 1) the edentulous part of the jaw, 2) the cortical bone plates and 3) the bone trabeculae and marrow spaces of the cancellous bone. The mechanical intervention resulted in a substantial alteration of the bone tissue morphology, the most conspicuous change being a markedly increased number of bone trabeculae per cancellous bone unit. Thus, the area occupied by bone trabeculae was about twice as large in the test sites compared with the control sites (+103%), whereas the area occupied by bone marrow cavities and cortical bone was significantly smaller. The clinical implications of the findings for potential treatment of fragile bone tissues and bone sites intended for implant insertion are discussed.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This report presents 4 cases with 6 implant exposures after the installation of Bråemark System® implants which called for treatment applying the guided bone regeneration technique. A bioresorbable barrier (GUIDOR® Matrix Barrier) was used to cover the defects, 4 defects with and 2 without the support of autologous bone chips. Complete bone filling was found in 4 (2 without and 2 with bone chips) and partial filling in 2 (with bone chips) of the treated defects, as registered at the abutment connection 6–7 months after surgery. Besides its ability to serve as a barrier for guided bone regeneration, it was found that the matrix barrier had the following properties; biocompatibility observed as uneventful tissue healing, malleability facilitating the clinical handling and ability to be resorbed within 6 to 7 months, as evaluated by clinical inspection. The observations of the present case reports indicate that the tested barrier may be used for guided bone regeneration in connection with implant installation. It is advisable, however, to use a supporting material to prevent barrier collapse, although bone regeneration can be achieved in certain situations without such material if the defect morphology is favourable.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this experimental investigation was to compare the effect of using autologous particulate bone grafts with and without a bioresorbable barrier covering for augmentation of the rabbit skull bone. For this purpose, bilateral, circular, 8 mm wide and 1 mm deep skull bone defects were prepared and overfilled with particulate bone grafts. The grafts placed in the test sites were covered with a bioresorbable barrier (Guidor® Matrix Barrier). The grafts placed in the control sites were covered only by the repositioned, cutaneous flap. 12 weeks later, the animals were sacrificed, the experimental sites were defleshed and the height and volume of the augmented bone in the test and control sites were measured clinically. Histologically, morphometrical measurements of the bone tissue were performed in decalcified vertical cross-sections of the experimental sites. Statistically significant differences were found in favour of the coverage of the bone graft particles with the barrier, both with respect to the height and the volume of the augmented bone.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of the present investigation was to compare the effect of using autologous bone particles covered with a bioresorbable matrix barrier with the use of bone particles alone on bone augmentation at titanium implants installed in the rabbit tibia. Two Brånemark System® implants, one in each tibia, were inserted in each of 9 rabbits in such a way that 5 threads were not covered with bone. Autologous bone particles were harvested from the skull and placed over the exposed implant surfaces on each tibia. The bone graft on one tibia was covered with a Guidor® Matrix Barrier, while the bone graft on the other tibia served as a control. After a healing period of 12 weeks, the animals were sacrificed and specimens taken for histomorphometrical analyses. The analyses showed that a significantly larger volume of augmented bone tissue had formed at the test sites. There were, however, no differences in the amount of mineralized bone. In fact, the difference in tissue volume was due to an increased amount of bone marrow at the test sites. The degree of mineralized bone to implant contact as well as the degree of mineralized bone within the threads at the test implants were similar to that at the controls. In conclusion, it was found that the coverage of particulate autologous bone grafts with a bioresorbable barrier resulted in a larger volume of augmented bone than the use of bone grafts not covered with a barrier.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1600-0765
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A well defined cavity surrounded by granulation tissue was created by subcutaneous implantation of perforated Teflon® cylinders. A 0.2 % solution of chlorhexidine digluconate or physiological saline was injected into the cavity five and ten days after the implantation.The acute inflammatory reaction in the recipient area was estimated from the amount of exudate and the number of inflammatory cells in the cylinder cavity. The recipient tissue was also examined histologically. The injection of chlorhexidine resulted in a slightly larger increase of the acute inflammation than did saline.Furthermore, after injection of chlorhexidine the fluid-filled area of the cavity showed stroma of precipitated material.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Analytical chemistry 33 (1961), S. 366-370 
    ISSN: 1520-6882
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Industrial and engineering chemistry 4 (1965), S. 345-349 
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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