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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-07-19
    Description: Brown rot decay removes cellulose and hemicellulose from wood--residual lignin contributing up to 30% of forest soil carbon--and is derived from an ancestral white rot saprotrophy in which both lignin and cellulose are decomposed. Comparative and functional genomics of the "dry rot" fungus Serpula lacrymans, derived from forest ancestors, demonstrated that the evolution of both ectomycorrhizal biotrophy and brown rot saprotrophy were accompanied by reductions and losses in specific protein families, suggesting adaptation to an intercellular interaction with plant tissue. Transcriptome and proteome analysis also identified differences in wood decomposition in S. lacrymans relative to the brown rot Postia placenta. Furthermore, fungal nutritional mode diversification suggests that the boreal forest biome originated via genetic coevolution of above- and below-ground biota.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Eastwood, Daniel C -- Floudas, Dimitrios -- Binder, Manfred -- Majcherczyk, Andrzej -- Schneider, Patrick -- Aerts, Andrea -- Asiegbu, Fred O -- Baker, Scott E -- Barry, Kerrie -- Bendiksby, Mika -- Blumentritt, Melanie -- Coutinho, Pedro M -- Cullen, Dan -- de Vries, Ronald P -- Gathman, Allen -- Goodell, Barry -- Henrissat, Bernard -- Ihrmark, Katarina -- Kauserud, Havard -- Kohler, Annegret -- LaButti, Kurt -- Lapidus, Alla -- Lavin, Jose L -- Lee, Yong-Hwan -- Lindquist, Erika -- Lilly, Walt -- Lucas, Susan -- Morin, Emmanuelle -- Murat, Claude -- Oguiza, Jose A -- Park, Jongsun -- Pisabarro, Antonio G -- Riley, Robert -- Rosling, Anna -- Salamov, Asaf -- Schmidt, Olaf -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Skrede, Inger -- Stenlid, Jan -- Wiebenga, Ad -- Xie, Xinfeng -- Kues, Ursula -- Hibbett, David S -- Hoffmeister, Dirk -- Hogberg, Nils -- Martin, Francis -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- Watkinson, Sarah C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Aug 5;333(6043):762-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1205411. Epub 2011 Jul 14.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉College of Science, University of Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK. d.c.eastwood@swansea.ac.uk〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21764756" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Angiosperms/microbiology ; Basidiomycota/classification/enzymology/*genetics/physiology ; *Biodiversity ; Biological Evolution ; Biota ; Cell Wall/*metabolism ; Coniferophyta/microbiology ; Coriolaceae/enzymology/genetics/physiology ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Genes, Fungal ; Genomics ; Lignin/metabolism ; Mycorrhizae/enzymology/*genetics/physiology ; Oxidoreductases/genetics/metabolism ; Peroxidases/genetics/metabolism ; Phylogeny ; Proteome ; Symbiosis ; Trees/*microbiology ; Wood/metabolism/*microbiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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