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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2014-04-12
    Description: Genome-wide characterization of the in vivo cellular response to perturbation is fundamental to understanding how cells survive stress. Identifying the proteins and pathways perturbed by small molecules affects biology and medicine by revealing the mechanisms of drug action. We used a yeast chemogenomics platform that quantifies the requirement for each gene for resistance to a compound in vivo to profile 3250 small molecules in a systematic and unbiased manner. We identified 317 compounds that specifically perturb the function of 121 genes and characterized the mechanism of specific compounds. Global analysis revealed that the cellular response to small molecules is limited and described by a network of 45 major chemogenomic signatures. Our results provide a resource for the discovery of functional interactions among genes, chemicals, and biological processes.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4254748/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4254748/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lee, Anna Y -- St Onge, Robert P -- Proctor, Michael J -- Wallace, Iain M -- Nile, Aaron H -- Spagnuolo, Paul A -- Jitkova, Yulia -- Gronda, Marcela -- Wu, Yan -- Kim, Moshe K -- Cheung-Ong, Kahlin -- Torres, Nikko P -- Spear, Eric D -- Han, Mitchell K L -- Schlecht, Ulrich -- Suresh, Sundari -- Duby, Geoffrey -- Heisler, Lawrence E -- Surendra, Anuradha -- Fung, Eula -- Urbanus, Malene L -- Gebbia, Marinella -- Lissina, Elena -- Miranda, Molly -- Chiang, Jennifer H -- Aparicio, Ana Maria -- Zeghouf, Mahel -- Davis, Ronald W -- Cherfils, Jacqueline -- Boutry, Marc -- Kaiser, Chris A -- Cummins, Carolyn L -- Trimble, William S -- Brown, Grant W -- Schimmer, Aaron D -- Bankaitis, Vytas A -- Nislow, Corey -- Bader, Gary D -- Giaever, Guri -- GM103504/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM44530/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- MOP-700724/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- MOP-79368/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- MOP-81340/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- P01 HG000205/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P41 GM103504/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 003317-07/PHS HHS/ -- R01 CA157456/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM044530/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003317/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Apr 11;344(6180):208-11. doi: 10.1126/science.1250217.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E1, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24723613" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Cell Line, Tumor ; Cells/*drug effects ; Drug Evaluation, Preclinical/*methods ; Drug Resistance/*genetics ; *Gene Regulatory Networks ; Genome-Wide Association Study/*methods ; Haploinsufficiency ; Humans ; Pharmacogenetics ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/drug effects/genetics ; Small Molecule Libraries/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Palo Alto, Calif. : Annual Reviews
    Annual Review of Physical Chemistry 37 (1986), S. 223-244 
    ISSN: 0066-426X
    Source: Annual Reviews Electronic Back Volume Collection 1932-2001ff
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 52 (1988), S. 688-690 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The pulse characteristics of a mode-locked cavity-dumped argon laser have been investigated by autocorrelation of the pulses using two photon fluorescence, and (when operating at a 13 ns repetition rate) by cross correlation with a synchronously pumped dye laser. The system has been found to yield remarkably short duration pulses. In cavity-dumped operation at a repetition rate of 3.8 MHz, the laser generates pulses of approximately 30 ps duration and 2.5 kW peak power. It is suggested that the increased bandwidth of this laser compared with that of conventional mode-locked systems derives from self-phase modulation in the silica block of the cavity dumper.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-06-16
    Description: Purpose: Checkpoint kinase 1 inhibitors (CHEK1i) have single-agent activity in vitro and in vivo . Here, we have investigated the molecular basis of this activity. Experimental Design: We have assessed a panel of melanoma cell lines for their sensitivity to the CHEK1i GNE-323 and GDC-0575 in vitro and in vivo . The effects of these compounds on responses to DNA replication stress were analyzed in the hypersensitive cell lines. Results: A subset of melanoma cell lines is hypersensitive to CHEK1i-induced cell death in vitro , and the drug effectively inhibits tumor growth in vivo . In the hypersensitive cell lines, GNE-323 triggers cell death without cells entering mitosis. CHEK1i treatment triggers strong RPA2 hyperphosphorylation and increased DNA damage in only hypersensitive cells. The increased replication stress was associated with a defective S-phase cell-cycle checkpoint. The number and intensity of pRPA2 Ser4/8 foci in untreated tumors appeared to be a marker of elevated replication stress correlated with sensitivity to CHEK1i. Conclusions: CHEK1i have single-agent activity in a subset of melanomas with elevated endogenous replication stress. CHEK1i treatment strongly increased this replication stress and DNA damage, and this correlated with increased cell death. The level of endogenous replication is marked by the pRPA2Ser4/8 foci in the untreated tumors, and may be a useful marker of replication stress in vivo . Clin Cancer Res; 24(12); 2901–12. ©2018 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1078-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1557-3265
    Topics: Medicine
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