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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-11-18
    Description: Legumes (Fabaceae or Leguminosae) are unique among cultivated plants for their ability to carry out endosymbiotic nitrogen fixation with rhizobial bacteria, a process that takes place in a specialized structure known as the nodule. Legumes belong to one of the two main groups of eurosids, the Fabidae, which includes most species capable of endosymbiotic nitrogen fixation. Legumes comprise several evolutionary lineages derived from a common ancestor 60 million years ago (Myr ago). Papilionoids are the largest clade, dating nearly to the origin of legumes and containing most cultivated species. Medicago truncatula is a long-established model for the study of legume biology. Here we describe the draft sequence of the M. truncatula euchromatin based on a recently completed BAC assembly supplemented with Illumina shotgun sequence, together capturing approximately 94% of all M. truncatula genes. A whole-genome duplication (WGD) approximately 58 Myr ago had a major role in shaping the M. truncatula genome and thereby contributed to the evolution of endosymbiotic nitrogen fixation. Subsequent to the WGD, the M. truncatula genome experienced higher levels of rearrangement than two other sequenced legumes, Glycine max and Lotus japonicus. M. truncatula is a close relative of alfalfa (Medicago sativa), a widely cultivated crop with limited genomics tools and complex autotetraploid genetics. As such, the M. truncatula genome sequence provides significant opportunities to expand alfalfa's genomic toolbox.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3272368/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3272368/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Young, Nevin D -- Debelle, Frederic -- Oldroyd, Giles E D -- Geurts, Rene -- Cannon, Steven B -- Udvardi, Michael K -- Benedito, Vagner A -- Mayer, Klaus F X -- Gouzy, Jerome -- Schoof, Heiko -- Van de Peer, Yves -- Proost, Sebastian -- Cook, Douglas R -- Meyers, Blake C -- Spannagl, Manuel -- Cheung, Foo -- De Mita, Stephane -- Krishnakumar, Vivek -- Gundlach, Heidrun -- Zhou, Shiguo -- Mudge, Joann -- Bharti, Arvind K -- Murray, Jeremy D -- Naoumkina, Marina A -- Rosen, Benjamin -- Silverstein, Kevin A T -- Tang, Haibao -- Rombauts, Stephane -- Zhao, Patrick X -- Zhou, Peng -- Barbe, Valerie -- Bardou, Philippe -- Bechner, Michael -- Bellec, Arnaud -- Berger, Anne -- Berges, Helene -- Bidwell, Shelby -- Bisseling, Ton -- Choisne, Nathalie -- Couloux, Arnaud -- Denny, Roxanne -- Deshpande, Shweta -- Dai, Xinbin -- Doyle, Jeff J -- Dudez, Anne-Marie -- Farmer, Andrew D -- Fouteau, Stephanie -- Franken, Carolien -- Gibelin, Chrystel -- Gish, John -- Goldstein, Steven -- Gonzalez, Alvaro J -- Green, Pamela J -- Hallab, Asis -- Hartog, Marijke -- Hua, Axin -- Humphray, Sean J -- Jeong, Dong-Hoon -- Jing, Yi -- Jocker, Anika -- Kenton, Steve M -- Kim, Dong-Jin -- Klee, Kathrin -- Lai, Hongshing -- Lang, Chunting -- Lin, Shaoping -- Macmil, Simone L -- Magdelenat, Ghislaine -- Matthews, Lucy -- McCorrison, Jamison -- Monaghan, Erin L -- Mun, Jeong-Hwan -- Najar, Fares Z -- Nicholson, Christine -- Noirot, Celine -- O'Bleness, Majesta -- Paule, Charles R -- Poulain, Julie -- Prion, Florent -- Qin, Baifang -- Qu, Chunmei -- Retzel, Ernest F -- Riddle, Claire -- Sallet, Erika -- Samain, Sylvie -- Samson, Nicolas -- Sanders, Iryna -- Saurat, Olivier -- Scarpelli, Claude -- Schiex, Thomas -- Segurens, Beatrice -- Severin, Andrew J -- Sherrier, D Janine -- Shi, Ruihua -- Sims, Sarah -- Singer, Susan R -- Sinharoy, Senjuti -- Sterck, Lieven -- Viollet, Agnes -- Wang, Bing-Bing -- Wang, Keqin -- Wang, Mingyi -- Wang, Xiaohong -- Warfsmann, Jens -- Weissenbach, Jean -- White, Doug D -- White, Jim D -- Wiley, Graham B -- Wincker, Patrick -- Xing, Yanbo -- Yang, Limei -- Yao, Ziyun -- Ying, Fu -- Zhai, Jixian -- Zhou, Liping -- Zuber, Antoine -- Denarie, Jean -- Dixon, Richard A -- May, Gregory D -- Schwartz, David C -- Rogers, Jane -- Quetier, Francis -- Town, Christopher D -- Roe, Bruce A -- BB/G023832/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- BBS/B/11524/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2011 Nov 16;480(7378):520-4. doi: 10.1038/nature10625.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA. neviny@umn.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22089132" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biological Evolution ; *Genome, Plant ; Medicago truncatula/*genetics/*microbiology ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Nitrogen Fixation/genetics ; Rhizobium/*physiology ; Soybeans/genetics ; *Symbiosis ; Synteny ; Vitis/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-3040
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The characterization of a full length cytochrome P450 (cyt P450) cDNA clone from Arabidopsis thaliana (CYP83A1) which showed a 2–4-fold transcriptional induction in the shoot apex following a prolonged low temperature treatment is reported. CYP83A1 appears to be encoded by a single copy gene. The gene contains one intron in a position identical to that found in other class A P450 genes. Putative cis-acting elements implicated in the regulation of phenylpropanoid/flavonoid biosynthetic genes (SBF-1, MYB Ph3, and P-MYB) were identified in the promoter region. The coding region was functional in yeast in binding carbon monoxide and tetcyclacis, suggesting that CYP83A1 was produced in its native state enabling it to interact properly with these two cyt P450 inhibitors. However, no activity could be detected when assayed in P450-dependent reactions of gibberellin or phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing sense and antisense transcripts did not show any abnormalities or altered flowering time with or without vernalization.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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