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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-06-23
    Description: Breast carcinoma is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide, with an estimated 1.38 million new cases and 458,000 deaths in 2008 alone. This malignancy represents a heterogeneous group of tumours with characteristic molecular features, prognosis and responses to available therapy. Recurrent somatic alterations in breast cancer have been described, including mutations and copy number alterations, notably ERBB2 amplifications, the first successful therapy target defined by a genomic aberration. Previous DNA sequencing studies of breast cancer genomes have revealed additional candidate mutations and gene rearrangements. Here we report the whole-exome sequences of DNA from 103 human breast cancers of diverse subtypes from patients in Mexico and Vietnam compared to matched-normal DNA, together with whole-genome sequences of 22 breast cancer/normal pairs. Beyond confirming recurrent somatic mutations in PIK3CA, TP53, AKT1, GATA3 and MAP3K1, we discovered recurrent mutations in the CBFB transcription factor gene and deletions of its partner RUNX1. Furthermore, we have identified a recurrent MAGI3-AKT3 fusion enriched in triple-negative breast cancer lacking oestrogen and progesterone receptors and ERBB2 expression. The MAGI3-AKT3 fusion leads to constitutive activation of AKT kinase, which is abolished by treatment with an ATP-competitive AKT small-molecule inhibitor.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4148686/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4148686/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Banerji, Shantanu -- Cibulskis, Kristian -- Rangel-Escareno, Claudia -- Brown, Kristin K -- Carter, Scott L -- Frederick, Abbie M -- Lawrence, Michael S -- Sivachenko, Andrey Y -- Sougnez, Carrie -- Zou, Lihua -- Cortes, Maria L -- Fernandez-Lopez, Juan C -- Peng, Shouyong -- Ardlie, Kristin G -- Auclair, Daniel -- Bautista-Pina, Veronica -- Duke, Fujiko -- Francis, Joshua -- Jung, Joonil -- Maffuz-Aziz, Antonio -- Onofrio, Robert C -- Parkin, Melissa -- Pho, Nam H -- Quintanar-Jurado, Valeria -- Ramos, Alex H -- Rebollar-Vega, Rosa -- Rodriguez-Cuevas, Sergio -- Romero-Cordoba, Sandra L -- Schumacher, Steven E -- Stransky, Nicolas -- Thompson, Kristin M -- Uribe-Figueroa, Laura -- Baselga, Jose -- Beroukhim, Rameen -- Polyak, Kornelia -- Sgroi, Dennis C -- Richardson, Andrea L -- Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo -- Lander, Eric S -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Garraway, Levi A -- Golub, Todd R -- Melendez-Zajgla, Jorge -- Toker, Alex -- Getz, Gad -- Hidalgo-Miranda, Alfredo -- Meyerson, Matthew -- CA089393/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA122099/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA122099/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Jun 20;486(7403):405-9. doi: 10.1038/nature11154.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22722202" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Algorithms ; Breast Neoplasms/*classification/*genetics/pathology ; Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics ; Core Binding Factor beta Subunit/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; Exome/genetics ; Female ; Gene Fusion/genetics ; Humans ; Membrane Proteins/genetics ; Mexico ; Mutation/*genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; Translocation, Genetic/*genetics ; Vietnam
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-07-27
    Description: Medulloblastoma, the most common malignant paediatric brain tumour, is currently treated with nonspecific cytotoxic therapies including surgery, whole-brain radiation, and aggressive chemotherapy. As medulloblastoma exhibits marked intertumoural heterogeneity, with at least four distinct molecular variants, previous attempts to identify targets for therapy have been underpowered because of small samples sizes. Here we report somatic copy number aberrations (SCNAs) in 1,087 unique medulloblastomas. SCNAs are common in medulloblastoma, and are predominantly subgroup-enriched. The most common region of focal copy number gain is a tandem duplication of SNCAIP, a gene associated with Parkinson's disease, which is exquisitely restricted to Group 4alpha. Recurrent translocations of PVT1, including PVT1-MYC and PVT1-NDRG1, that arise through chromothripsis are restricted to Group 3. Numerous targetable SCNAs, including recurrent events targeting TGF-beta signalling in Group 3, and NF-kappaB signalling in Group 4, suggest future avenues for rational, targeted therapy.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3683624/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3683624/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Northcott, Paul A -- Shih, David J H -- Peacock, John -- Garzia, Livia -- Morrissy, A Sorana -- Zichner, Thomas -- Stutz, Adrian M -- Korshunov, Andrey -- Reimand, Juri -- Schumacher, Steven E -- Beroukhim, Rameen -- Ellison, David W -- Marshall, Christian R -- Lionel, Anath C -- Mack, Stephen -- Dubuc, Adrian -- Yao, Yuan -- Ramaswamy, Vijay -- Luu, Betty -- Rolider, Adi -- Cavalli, Florence M G -- Wang, Xin -- Remke, Marc -- Wu, Xiaochong -- Chiu, Readman Y B -- Chu, Andy -- Chuah, Eric -- Corbett, Richard D -- Hoad, Gemma R -- Jackman, Shaun D -- Li, Yisu -- Lo, Allan -- Mungall, Karen L -- Nip, Ka Ming -- Qian, Jenny Q -- Raymond, Anthony G J -- Thiessen, Nina T -- Varhol, Richard J -- Birol, Inanc -- Moore, Richard A -- Mungall, Andrew J -- Holt, Robert -- Kawauchi, Daisuke -- Roussel, Martine F -- Kool, Marcel -- Jones, David T W -- Witt, Hendrick -- Fernandez-L, Africa -- Kenney, Anna M -- Wechsler-Reya, Robert J -- Dirks, Peter -- Aviv, Tzvi -- Grajkowska, Wieslawa A -- Perek-Polnik, Marta -- Haberler, Christine C -- Delattre, Olivier -- Reynaud, Stephanie S -- Doz, Francois F -- Pernet-Fattet, Sarah S -- Cho, Byung-Kyu -- Kim, Seung-Ki -- Wang, Kyu-Chang -- Scheurlen, Wolfram -- Eberhart, Charles G -- Fevre-Montange, Michelle -- Jouvet, Anne -- Pollack, Ian F -- Fan, Xing -- Muraszko, Karin M -- Gillespie, G Yancey -- Di Rocco, Concezio -- Massimi, Luca -- Michiels, Erna M C -- Kloosterhof, Nanne K -- French, Pim J -- Kros, Johan M -- Olson, James M -- Ellenbogen, Richard G -- Zitterbart, Karel -- Kren, Leos -- Thompson, Reid C -- Cooper, Michael K -- Lach, Boleslaw -- McLendon, Roger E -- Bigner, Darell D -- Fontebasso, Adam -- Albrecht, Steffen -- Jabado, Nada -- Lindsey, Janet C -- Bailey, Simon -- Gupta, Nalin -- Weiss, William A -- Bognar, Laszlo -- Klekner, Almos -- Van Meter, Timothy E -- Kumabe, Toshihiro -- Tominaga, Teiji -- Elbabaa, Samer K -- Leonard, Jeffrey R -- Rubin, Joshua B -- Liau, Linda M -- Van Meir, Erwin G -- Fouladi, Maryam -- Nakamura, Hideo -- Cinalli, Giuseppe -- Garami, Miklos -- Hauser, Peter -- Saad, Ali G -- Iolascon, Achille -- Jung, Shin -- Carlotti, Carlos G -- Vibhakar, Rajeev -- Ra, Young Shin -- Robinson, Shenandoah -- Zollo, Massimo -- Faria, Claudia C -- Chan, Jennifer A -- Levy, Michael L -- Sorensen, Poul H B -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Pomeroy, Scott L -- Cho, Yoon-Jae -- Bader, Gary D -- Tabori, Uri -- Hawkins, Cynthia E -- Bouffet, Eric -- Scherer, Stephen W -- Rutka, James T -- Malkin, David -- Clifford, Steven C -- Jones, Steven J M -- Korbel, Jan O -- Pfister, Stefan M -- Marra, Marco A -- Taylor, Michael D -- AT1-112286/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- CA116804/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA138292/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA159859/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA86335/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- K08 NS059790/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P20 CA151129/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA138292/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 HD018655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P41 GM103504/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA086335/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA109467/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA114567/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA116804/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA148621/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA155360/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA159859/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA163737/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS061070/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 2;488(7409):49-56. doi: 10.1038/nature11327.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Developmental & Stem Cell Biology Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22832581" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Carrier Proteins/genetics ; Cerebellar Neoplasms/*classification/*genetics/metabolism ; Child ; DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics ; Gene Duplication/genetics ; Genes, myc/genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomic Structural Variation/*genetics ; Genomics ; Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism ; Humans ; Medulloblastoma/*classification/*genetics/metabolism ; NF-kappa B/metabolism ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics ; Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics ; Proteins/genetics ; RNA, Long Noncoding ; Signal Transduction ; Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism ; Translocation, Genetic/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2012-07-27
    Description: Medulloblastoma is an aggressively growing tumour, arising in the cerebellum or medulla/brain stem. It is the most common malignant brain tumour in children, and shows tremendous biological and clinical heterogeneity. Despite recent treatment advances, approximately 40% of children experience tumour recurrence, and 30% will die from their disease. Those who survive often have a significantly reduced quality of life. Four tumour subgroups with distinct clinical, biological and genetic profiles are currently identified. WNT tumours, showing activated wingless pathway signalling, carry a favourable prognosis under current treatment regimens. SHH tumours show hedgehog pathway activation, and have an intermediate prognosis. Group 3 and 4 tumours are molecularly less well characterized, and also present the greatest clinical challenges. The full repertoire of genetic events driving this distinction, however, remains unclear. Here we describe an integrative deep-sequencing analysis of 125 tumour-normal pairs, conducted as part of the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) PedBrain Tumor Project. Tetraploidy was identified as a frequent early event in Group 3 and 4 tumours, and a positive correlation between patient age and mutation rate was observed. Several recurrent mutations were identified, both in known medulloblastoma-related genes (CTNNB1, PTCH1, MLL2, SMARCA4) and in genes not previously linked to this tumour (DDX3X, CTDNEP1, KDM6A, TBR1), often in subgroup-specific patterns. RNA sequencing confirmed these alterations, and revealed the expression of what are, to our knowledge, the first medulloblastoma fusion genes identified. Chromatin modifiers were frequently altered across all subgroups. These findings enhance our understanding of the genomic complexity and heterogeneity underlying medulloblastoma, and provide several potential targets for new therapeutics, especially for Group 3 and 4 patients.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3662966/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3662966/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jones, David T W -- Jager, Natalie -- Kool, Marcel -- Zichner, Thomas -- Hutter, Barbara -- Sultan, Marc -- Cho, Yoon-Jae -- Pugh, Trevor J -- Hovestadt, Volker -- Stutz, Adrian M -- Rausch, Tobias -- Warnatz, Hans-Jorg -- Ryzhova, Marina -- Bender, Sebastian -- Sturm, Dominik -- Pleier, Sabrina -- Cin, Huriye -- Pfaff, Elke -- Sieber, Laura -- Wittmann, Andrea -- Remke, Marc -- Witt, Hendrik -- Hutter, Sonja -- Tzaridis, Theophilos -- Weischenfeldt, Joachim -- Raeder, Benjamin -- Avci, Meryem -- Amstislavskiy, Vyacheslav -- Zapatka, Marc -- Weber, Ursula D -- Wang, Qi -- Lasitschka, Barbel -- Bartholomae, Cynthia C -- Schmidt, Manfred -- von Kalle, Christof -- Ast, Volker -- Lawerenz, Chris -- Eils, Jurgen -- Kabbe, Rolf -- Benes, Vladimir -- van Sluis, Peter -- Koster, Jan -- Volckmann, Richard -- Shih, David -- Betts, Matthew J -- Russell, Robert B -- Coco, Simona -- Tonini, Gian Paolo -- Schuller, Ulrich -- Hans, Volkmar -- Graf, Norbert -- Kim, Yoo-Jin -- Monoranu, Camelia -- Roggendorf, Wolfgang -- Unterberg, Andreas -- Herold-Mende, Christel -- Milde, Till -- Kulozik, Andreas E -- von Deimling, Andreas -- Witt, Olaf -- Maass, Eberhard -- Rossler, Jochen -- Ebinger, Martin -- Schuhmann, Martin U -- Fruhwald, Michael C -- Hasselblatt, Martin -- Jabado, Nada -- Rutkowski, Stefan -- von Bueren, Andre O -- Williamson, Dan -- Clifford, Steven C -- McCabe, Martin G -- Collins, V Peter -- Wolf, Stephan -- Wiemann, Stefan -- Lehrach, Hans -- Brors, Benedikt -- Scheurlen, Wolfram -- Felsberg, Jorg -- Reifenberger, Guido -- Northcott, Paul A -- Taylor, Michael D -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Pomeroy, Scott L -- Yaspo, Marie-Laure -- Korbel, Jan O -- Korshunov, Andrey -- Eils, Roland -- Pfister, Stefan M -- Lichter, Peter -- P30 HD018655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA109467/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 2;488(7409):100-5. doi: 10.1038/nature11284.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Pediatric Neurooncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, Heidelberg 69120, Germany.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22832583" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging/genetics ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; Cerebellar Neoplasms/classification/diagnosis/*genetics/pathology ; Child ; Chromatin/metabolism ; Chromosomes, Human/genetics ; DEAD-box RNA Helicases/genetics ; DNA Helicases/genetics ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomics ; Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism ; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing ; Histone Demethylases/genetics ; Humans ; Medulloblastoma/classification/diagnosis/*genetics/pathology ; Methylation ; Mutation/genetics ; Mutation Rate ; Neoplasm Proteins/genetics ; Nuclear Proteins/genetics ; Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics ; Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/genetics ; Polyploidy ; Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics ; Sequence Analysis, RNA ; Signal Transduction ; T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics ; Transcription Factors/genetics ; Wnt Proteins/metabolism ; beta Catenin/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-01-07
    Description: Although a few cancer genes are mutated in a high proportion of tumours of a given type (〉20%), most are mutated at intermediate frequencies (2-20%). To explore the feasibility of creating a comprehensive catalogue of cancer genes, we analysed somatic point mutations in exome sequences from 4,742 human cancers and their matched normal-tissue samples across 21 cancer types. We found that large-scale genomic analysis can identify nearly all known cancer genes in these tumour types. Our analysis also identified 33 genes that were not previously known to be significantly mutated in cancer, including genes related to proliferation, apoptosis, genome stability, chromatin regulation, immune evasion, RNA processing and protein homeostasis. Down-sampling analysis indicates that larger sample sizes will reveal many more genes mutated at clinically important frequencies. We estimate that near-saturation may be achieved with 600-5,000 samples per tumour type, depending on background mutation frequency. The results may help to guide the next stage of cancer genomics.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4048962/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4048962/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lawrence, Michael S -- Stojanov, Petar -- Mermel, Craig H -- Robinson, James T -- Garraway, Levi A -- Golub, Todd R -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Lander, Eric S -- Getz, Gad -- R01 CA157304/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- T32 GM007753/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Jan 23;505(7484):495-501. doi: 10.1038/nature12912. Epub 2014 Jan 5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Massachusetts General Hospital, Cancer Center and Department of Pathology, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [3] Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [3] Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 4000 Jones Bridge Road, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, USA. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA [4]. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Massachusetts General Hospital, Cancer Center and Department of Pathology, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA [3] Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4].〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24390350" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Apoptosis/genetics ; Case-Control Studies ; Cell Proliferation ; Chromatin/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; Exome/genetics ; Genes, Neoplasm/*genetics ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Genomic Instability/genetics ; Genomics ; Humans ; Immune Evasion/genetics ; Mutation Rate ; Neoplasms/*classification/*genetics/pathology ; Point Mutation/genetics ; RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional/genetics ; Sample Size
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2015-04-17
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pugh, Trevor J -- Banerji, Shantanu -- Meyerson, Matthew -- England -- Nature. 2015 Apr 16;520(7547):E12-4. doi: 10.1038/nature14266.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada. ; Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9, Canada. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology and Center for Cancer Genome Discovery, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Cancer Program, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02142, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25877207" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Breast Neoplasms/*classification/*genetics ; Female ; Humans ; Mutation/*genetics ; Translocation, Genetic/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2012-07-24
    Description: Medulloblastomas are the most common malignant brain tumours in children. Identifying and understanding the genetic events that drive these tumours is critical for the development of more effective diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic strategies. Recently, our group and others described distinct molecular subtypes of medulloblastoma on the basis of transcriptional and copy number profiles. Here we use whole-exome hybrid capture and deep sequencing to identify somatic mutations across the coding regions of 92 primary medulloblastoma/normal pairs. Overall, medulloblastomas have low mutation rates consistent with other paediatric tumours, with a median of 0.35 non-silent mutations per megabase. We identified twelve genes mutated at statistically significant frequencies, including previously known mutated genes in medulloblastoma such as CTNNB1, PTCH1, MLL2, SMARCA4 and TP53. Recurrent somatic mutations were newly identified in an RNA helicase gene, DDX3X, often concurrent with CTNNB1 mutations, and in the nuclear co-repressor (N-CoR) complex genes GPS2, BCOR and LDB1. We show that mutant DDX3X potentiates transactivation of a TCF promoter and enhances cell viability in combination with mutant, but not wild-type, beta-catenin. Together, our study reveals the alteration of WNT, hedgehog, histone methyltransferase and now N-CoR pathways across medulloblastomas and within specific subtypes of this disease, and nominates the RNA helicase DDX3X as a component of pathogenic beta-catenin signalling in medulloblastoma.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3413789/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3413789/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pugh, Trevor J -- Weeraratne, Shyamal Dilhan -- Archer, Tenley C -- Pomeranz Krummel, Daniel A -- Auclair, Daniel -- Bochicchio, James -- Carneiro, Mauricio O -- Carter, Scott L -- Cibulskis, Kristian -- Erlich, Rachel L -- Greulich, Heidi -- Lawrence, Michael S -- Lennon, Niall J -- McKenna, Aaron -- Meldrim, James -- Ramos, Alex H -- Ross, Michael G -- Russ, Carsten -- Shefler, Erica -- Sivachenko, Andrey -- Sogoloff, Brian -- Stojanov, Petar -- Tamayo, Pablo -- Mesirov, Jill P -- Amani, Vladimir -- Teider, Natalia -- Sengupta, Soma -- Francois, Jessica Pierre -- Northcott, Paul A -- Taylor, Michael D -- Yu, Furong -- Crabtree, Gerald R -- Kautzman, Amanda G -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Getz, Gad -- Jager, Natalie -- Jones, David T W -- Lichter, Peter -- Pfister, Stefan M -- Roberts, Thomas M -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Pomeroy, Scott L -- Cho, Yoon-Jae -- CA050661/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- L40 NS063706/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P30 HD018655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P30 HD18655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA030002/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA105607/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA109467/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA148699/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA154480/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01CA105607/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA109467/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA148699/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R25 NS070682/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R25NS070682/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 2;488(7409):106-10. doi: 10.1038/nature11329.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22820256" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Cerebellar Neoplasms/classification/*genetics ; Child ; DEAD-box RNA Helicases/chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; DNA Helicases/chemistry/genetics ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics ; Exome/*genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism ; Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/genetics/metabolism ; Humans ; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics ; LIM Domain Proteins/genetics ; Medulloblastoma/classification/*genetics ; Models, Molecular ; Mutation/*genetics ; Neoplasm Proteins/genetics ; Nuclear Proteins/chemistry/genetics ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics ; Protein Structure, Tertiary/genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics ; Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics ; Repressor Proteins/genetics ; Signal Transduction ; TCF Transcription Factors/metabolism ; Transcription Factors/chemistry/genetics ; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics ; Wnt Proteins/metabolism ; beta Catenin/genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2014-01-07
    Description: Cervical cancer is responsible for 10-15% of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide. The aetiological role of infection with high-risk human papilloma viruses (HPVs) in cervical carcinomas is well established. Previous studies have also implicated somatic mutations in PIK3CA, PTEN, TP53, STK11 and KRAS as well as several copy-number alterations in the pathogenesis of cervical carcinomas. Here we report whole-exome sequencing analysis of 115 cervical carcinoma-normal paired samples, transcriptome sequencing of 79 cases and whole-genome sequencing of 14 tumour-normal pairs. Previously unknown somatic mutations in 79 primary squamous cell carcinomas include recurrent E322K substitutions in the MAPK1 gene (8%), inactivating mutations in the HLA-B gene (9%), and mutations in EP300 (16%), FBXW7 (15%), NFE2L2 (4%), TP53 (5%) and ERBB2 (6%). We also observe somatic ELF3 (13%) and CBFB (8%) mutations in 24 adenocarcinomas. Squamous cell carcinomas have higher frequencies of somatic nucleotide substitutions occurring at cytosines preceded by thymines (Tp*C sites) than adenocarcinomas. Gene expression levels at HPV integration sites were statistically significantly higher in tumours with HPV integration compared with expression of the same genes in tumours without viral integration at the same site. These data demonstrate several recurrent genomic alterations in cervical carcinomas that suggest new strategies to combat this disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4161954/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4161954/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ojesina, Akinyemi I -- Lichtenstein, Lee -- Freeman, Samuel S -- Pedamallu, Chandra Sekhar -- Imaz-Rosshandler, Ivan -- Pugh, Trevor J -- Cherniack, Andrew D -- Ambrogio, Lauren -- Cibulskis, Kristian -- Bertelsen, Bjorn -- Romero-Cordoba, Sandra -- Trevino, Victor -- Vazquez-Santillan, Karla -- Guadarrama, Alberto Salido -- Wright, Alexi A -- Rosenberg, Mara W -- Duke, Fujiko -- Kaplan, Bethany -- Wang, Rui -- Nickerson, Elizabeth -- Walline, Heather M -- Lawrence, Michael S -- Stewart, Chip -- Carter, Scott L -- McKenna, Aaron -- Rodriguez-Sanchez, Iram P -- Espinosa-Castilla, Magali -- Woie, Kathrine -- Bjorge, Line -- Wik, Elisabeth -- Halle, Mari K -- Hoivik, Erling A -- Krakstad, Camilla -- Gabino, Nayeli Belem -- Gomez-Macias, Gabriela Sofia -- Valdez-Chapa, Lezmes D -- Garza-Rodriguez, Maria Lourdes -- Maytorena, German -- Vazquez, Jorge -- Rodea, Carlos -- Cravioto, Adrian -- Cortes, Maria L -- Greulich, Heidi -- Crum, Christopher P -- Neuberg, Donna S -- Hidalgo-Miranda, Alfredo -- Escareno, Claudia Rangel -- Akslen, Lars A -- Carey, Thomas E -- Vintermyr, Olav K -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Barrera-Saldana, Hugo A -- Melendez-Zajgla, Jorge -- Getz, Gad -- Salvesen, Helga B -- Meyerson, Matthew -- K07 CA166210/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- T32 CA009676/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Feb 20;506(7488):371-5. doi: 10.1038/nature12881. Epub 2013 Dec 25.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3]. ; 1] The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2]. ; The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. ; Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genomica, Mexico City 14610, Mexico. ; Department of Pathology, Haukeland University Hospital, N5021 Bergen, Norway. ; Tecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey 64849, Mexico. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200032, China. ; Cancer Biology Program, Program in the Biomedical Sciences, Rackham Graduate School, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. ; Facultad de Medicina y Hospital Universitario 'Dr. Jose Eluterio Gonzalez' de la Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon 64460, Mexico. ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, N5021 Bergen, Norway. ; 1] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, N5021 Bergen, Norway [2] Department of Clinical Science, Centre for Cancer Biomarkers, University of Bergen, N5020 Bergen, Norway. ; Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City 06720, Mexico. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3] Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; 1] Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genomica, Mexico City 14610, Mexico [2] Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, California 91711, USA. ; 1] Department of Pathology, Haukeland University Hospital, N5021 Bergen, Norway [2] Centre for Cancer Biomarkers, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, N5020 Bergen, Norway. ; Head and Neck Oncology Program and Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 38109, USA. ; 1] The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; 1] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, N5021 Bergen, Norway [2] Department of Clinical Science, Centre for Cancer Biomarkers, University of Bergen, N5020 Bergen, Norway [3]. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3] Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4].〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24390348" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenocarcinoma/genetics/virology ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics/virology ; Case-Control Studies ; Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics ; Core Binding Factor beta Subunit/genetics ; DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics ; E1A-Associated p300 Protein/genetics ; Exome/genetics ; F-Box Proteins/genetics ; Female ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomics ; HLA-B Antigens/genetics ; Humans ; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/genetics ; Mutation/*genetics ; NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics ; Papillomaviridae/genetics/physiology ; Papillomavirus Infections/genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets ; Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics ; Transcription Factors/genetics ; Transcriptome/genetics ; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics ; Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/*genetics/virology ; Virus Integration/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2015-05-29
    Description: Genome sequencing has uncovered a new mutational phenomenon in cancer and congenital disorders called chromothripsis. Chromothripsis is characterized by extensive genomic rearrangements and an oscillating pattern of DNA copy number levels, all curiously restricted to one or a few chromosomes. The mechanism for chromothripsis is unknown, but we previously proposed that it could occur through the physical isolation of chromosomes in aberrant nuclear structures called micronuclei. Here, using a combination of live cell imaging and single-cell genome sequencing, we demonstrate that micronucleus formation can indeed generate a spectrum of genomic rearrangements, some of which recapitulate all known features of chromothripsis. These events are restricted to the mis-segregated chromosome and occur within one cell division. We demonstrate that the mechanism for chromothripsis can involve the fragmentation and subsequent reassembly of a single chromatid from a micronucleus. Collectively, these experiments establish a new mutational process of which chromothripsis is one extreme outcome.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4742237/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4742237/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zhang, Cheng-Zhong -- Spektor, Alexander -- Cornils, Hauke -- Francis, Joshua M -- Jackson, Emily K -- Liu, Shiwei -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Pellman, David -- GM083299-18/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM061345/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM083299/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):179-84. doi: 10.1038/nature14493. Epub 2015 May 27.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [3] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [4] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; 1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; 1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. ; 1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, USA. ; 1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3] Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4] Center for Cancer Genome Discovery, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; 1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26017310" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Cell Line ; Cell Survival ; *Chromosome Breakage ; Chromosome Segregation/genetics ; DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics ; *DNA Damage ; Gene Rearrangement/genetics ; Genomic Instability/genetics ; Humans ; *Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective ; Mutation/genetics ; Neoplasms/genetics ; S Phase/genetics ; Single-Cell Analysis
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-07-30
    Description: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a common, morbid, and frequently lethal malignancy. To uncover its mutational spectrum, we analyzed whole-exome sequencing data from 74 tumor-normal pairs. The majority exhibited a mutational profile consistent with tobacco exposure; human papillomavirus was detectable by sequencing DNA from infected tumors. In addition to identifying previously known HNSCC genes (TP53, CDKN2A, PTEN, PIK3CA, and HRAS), our analysis revealed many genes not previously implicated in this malignancy. At least 30% of cases harbored mutations in genes that regulate squamous differentiation (for example, NOTCH1, IRF6, and TP63), implicating its dysregulation as a major driver of HNSCC carcinogenesis. More generally, the results indicate the ability of large-scale sequencing to reveal fundamental tumorigenic mechanisms.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3415217/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3415217/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Stransky, Nicolas -- Egloff, Ann Marie -- Tward, Aaron D -- Kostic, Aleksandar D -- Cibulskis, Kristian -- Sivachenko, Andrey -- Kryukov, Gregory V -- Lawrence, Michael S -- Sougnez, Carrie -- McKenna, Aaron -- Shefler, Erica -- Ramos, Alex H -- Stojanov, Petar -- Carter, Scott L -- Voet, Douglas -- Cortes, Maria L -- Auclair, Daniel -- Berger, Michael F -- Saksena, Gordon -- Guiducci, Candace -- Onofrio, Robert C -- Parkin, Melissa -- Romkes, Marjorie -- Weissfeld, Joel L -- Seethala, Raja R -- Wang, Lin -- Rangel-Escareno, Claudia -- Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos -- Hidalgo-Miranda, Alfredo -- Melendez-Zajgla, Jorge -- Winckler, Wendy -- Ardlie, Kristin -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Lander, Eric S -- Getz, Gad -- Golub, Todd R -- Garraway, Levi A -- Grandis, Jennifer R -- P50 CA097190/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA077308/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA098372/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- UL1 TR000005/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Aug 26;333(6046):1157-60. doi: 10.1126/science.1208130. Epub 2011 Jul 28.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21798893" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Algorithms ; Apoptosis ; Carcinoma/*genetics/metabolism/virology ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell ; Cell Differentiation ; Exons ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/*genetics/metabolism/virology ; Humans ; *Mutation ; Neoplasms, Squamous Cell/*genetics/metabolism/virology ; Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification ; Papillomavirus Infections/virology ; Point Mutation ; Receptor, Notch1/*genetics/metabolism ; *Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Sequence Deletion ; Signal Transduction ; Smoking ; Tobacco
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-03-25
    Description: Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignancy of plasma cells, and its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Here we report the massively parallel sequencing of 38 tumour genomes and their comparison to matched normal DNAs. Several new and unexpected oncogenic mechanisms were suggested by the pattern of somatic mutation across the data set. These include the mutation of genes involved in protein translation (seen in nearly half of the patients), genes involved in histone methylation, and genes involved in blood coagulation. In addition, a broader than anticipated role of NF-kappaB signalling was indicated by mutations in 11 members of the NF-kappaB pathway. Of potential immediate clinical relevance, activating mutations of the kinase BRAF were observed in 4% of patients, suggesting the evaluation of BRAF inhibitors in multiple myeloma clinical trials. These results indicate that cancer genome sequencing of large collections of samples will yield new insights into cancer not anticipated by existing knowledge.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3560292/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3560292/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chapman, Michael A -- Lawrence, Michael S -- Keats, Jonathan J -- Cibulskis, Kristian -- Sougnez, Carrie -- Schinzel, Anna C -- Harview, Christina L -- Brunet, Jean-Philippe -- Ahmann, Gregory J -- Adli, Mazhar -- Anderson, Kenneth C -- Ardlie, Kristin G -- Auclair, Daniel -- Baker, Angela -- Bergsagel, P Leif -- Bernstein, Bradley E -- Drier, Yotam -- Fonseca, Rafael -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Hofmeister, Craig C -- Jagannath, Sundar -- Jakubowiak, Andrzej J -- Krishnan, Amrita -- Levy, Joan -- Liefeld, Ted -- Lonial, Sagar -- Mahan, Scott -- Mfuko, Bunmi -- Monti, Stefano -- Perkins, Louise M -- Onofrio, Robb -- Pugh, Trevor J -- Rajkumar, S Vincent -- Ramos, Alex H -- Siegel, David S -- Sivachenko, Andrey -- Stewart, A Keith -- Trudel, Suzanne -- Vij, Ravi -- Voet, Douglas -- Winckler, Wendy -- Zimmerman, Todd -- Carpten, John -- Trent, Jeff -- Hahn, William C -- Garraway, Levi A -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Lander, Eric S -- Getz, Gad -- Golub, Todd R -- K12 CA133250/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 AG020686/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- R01 AG020686-07/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA133115/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA133115-04/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA133966/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA133966-03/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Mar 24;471(7339):467-72. doi: 10.1038/nature09837.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Eli and Edythe L. Broad Institute, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02412, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21430775" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Blood Coagulation/genetics ; CpG Islands/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; DNA Repair/genetics ; Exons/genetics ; Exosome Multienzyme Ribonuclease Complex ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomics ; Histones/metabolism ; Homeodomain Proteins/genetics ; Homeostasis/genetics ; Humans ; Methylation ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy/enzymology/*genetics/metabolism ; Mutation/*genetics ; NF-kappa B/metabolism ; Oncogenes/genetics ; Open Reading Frames/genetics ; Protein Biosynthesis/genetics ; Protein Conformation ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional/genetics ; Ribonucleases/chemistry/genetics ; Signal Transduction/genetics ; Transcription, Genetic/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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