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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-01-28
    Description: Aim: The purpose of this IRB-approved, retrospective study was to compare image quality between 2D and high-resolution 3D, T2-weighted (T2WI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences and to investigate the additional value of ultra-high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI; b=2,000 mm/s 2 ) for both rectal cancer staging and evaluating treatment response. Materials and Methods: From 12 February to 24 August 2016, 26 consecutive patients (22 males, four females; mean age: 61.9±14.0 years) with histologically-proven rectal cancer. In total 31 examinations [12 prior to and 19 after chemoradiation (CRT)] were included. The patients underwent pelvic MRI on a 3.0-T scanner (Magnetom Skyra, Erlangen, Germany). Three radiologists (3, 4, and 5 years of experience in MRI, respectively) independently assessed all images and rated the image quality of DWI (b=800 mm/s 2 ), apparent diffusion coefficient map, DWI (b=2,000 mm/s 2 ), 3D sagittal T2WI, 3D axial T2WI, 2D sagittal T2WI, and 2D axial T2WI of each patient, respectively. In addition, signal intensity ratios (SIR) were calculated between rectal cancer and obturator internus muscle (background) in all patients after CRT on DWI (b=2,000 mm/s 2 ) and correlated with histopathological regression grade (RG). Results: Tumor delineation was significantly better by 2D T2WI than 3D T2WI both before and after CRT (before CRT: Z=–3.2, p=0.02; after CRT: Z=–4.408, p〈0.001; all: Z=–5.192; p〈0.001) and was the preferred method, although image quality ratings were not significantly different (3D sagittal: 4.00±0.48; 2D sagittal: 4.03±0.34, p=0.713; 3D axial: 3.85±0.61, 2D axial: 3.78±0.64, p=0.537). Independent t-test showed significantly higher SIR between those with RG 1 or 2 (moderate response: mean score=2.02) and those with RG 3+4 (good response: mean score=0.8) (t=3.044, p=0.011). In those with RG 4 (complete response), SIR of b2000 was 0.946 compared to a 1.41 average of the whole cohort. In two patients, tumor was invisible on b2000 following CRT (RG 3 and 4, respectively). Interobserver agreement was mostly good (≥0.6) regarding image quality assessment, except for poor agreement (=0.4) in DWI (b2000) between the two less-experienced readers. Conclusion: In conclusion, 3D T2WI might be useful for evaluating response to neoadjuvant therapy in a comprehensive, cost-effective protocol, where 2D imaging seems to be preferable. In addition, DWI (b2000) may be beneficial in assessing both the primary and the residual tumor after CRT in rectal cancer and SIR may be helpful in assessing response to CRT.
    Print ISSN: 0250-7005
    Electronic ISSN: 1791-7530
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-07-26
    Description: Oil palm is the most productive oil-bearing crop. Although it is planted on only 5% of the total world vegetable oil acreage, palm oil accounts for 33% of vegetable oil and 45% of edible oil worldwide, but increased cultivation competes with dwindling rainforest reserves. We report the 1.8-gigabase (Gb) genome sequence of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, the predominant source of worldwide oil production. A total of 1.535 Gb of assembled sequence and transcriptome data from 30 tissue types were used to predict at least 34,802 genes, including oil biosynthesis genes and homologues of WRINKLED1 (WRI1), and other transcriptional regulators, which are highly expressed in the kernel. We also report the draft sequence of the South American oil palm Elaeis oleifera, which has the same number of chromosomes (2n = 32) and produces fertile interspecific hybrids with E. guineensis but seems to have diverged in the New World. Segmental duplications of chromosome arms define the palaeotetraploid origin of palm trees. The oil palm sequence enables the discovery of genes for important traits as well as somaclonal epigenetic alterations that restrict the use of clones in commercial plantings, and should therefore help to achieve sustainability for biofuels and edible oils, reducing the rainforest footprint of this tropical plantation crop.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3929164/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3929164/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Singh, Rajinder -- Ong-Abdullah, Meilina -- Low, Eng-Ti Leslie -- Manaf, Mohamad Arif Abdul -- Rosli, Rozana -- Nookiah, Rajanaidu -- Ooi, Leslie Cheng-Li -- Ooi, Siew-Eng -- Chan, Kuang-Lim -- Halim, Mohd Amin -- Azizi, Norazah -- Nagappan, Jayanthi -- Bacher, Blaire -- Lakey, Nathan -- Smith, Steven W -- He, Dong -- Hogan, Michael -- Budiman, Muhammad A -- Lee, Ernest K -- DeSalle, Rob -- Kudrna, David -- Goicoechea, Jose Luis -- Wing, Rod A -- Wilson, Richard K -- Fulton, Robert S -- Ordway, Jared M -- Martienssen, Robert A -- Sambanthamurthi, Ravigadevi -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Aug 15;500(7462):335-9. doi: 10.1038/nature12309. Epub 2013 Jul 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. raviga@mpob.gov.my〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23883927" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Arecaceae/*classification/*genetics ; Carbohydrate Metabolism/genetics ; Chromosomes, Plant/genetics ; Genome, Plant/*genetics ; Lipid Metabolism/genetics ; Models, Genetic ; Molecular Sequence Data ; *Phylogeny
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-07-26
    Description: A key event in the domestication and breeding of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis was loss of the thick coconut-like shell surrounding the kernel. Modern E. guineensis has three fruit forms, dura (thick-shelled), pisifera (shell-less) and tenera (thin-shelled), a hybrid between dura and pisifera. The pisifera palm is usually female-sterile. The tenera palm yields far more oil than dura, and is the basis for commercial palm oil production in all of southeast Asia. Here we describe the mapping and identification of the SHELL gene responsible for the different fruit forms. Using homozygosity mapping by sequencing, we found two independent mutations in the DNA-binding domain of a homologue of the MADS-box gene SEEDSTICK (STK, also known as AGAMOUS-LIKE 11), which controls ovule identity and seed development in Arabidopsis. The SHELL gene is responsible for the tenera phenotype in both cultivated and wild palms from sub-Saharan Africa, and our findings provide a genetic explanation for the single gene hybrid vigour (or heterosis) attributed to SHELL, via heterodimerization. This gene mutation explains the single most important economic trait in oil palm, and has implications for the competing interests of global edible oil production, biofuels and rainforest conservation.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4209285/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4209285/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Singh, Rajinder -- Low, Eng-Ti Leslie -- Ooi, Leslie Cheng-Li -- Ong-Abdullah, Meilina -- Ting, Ngoot-Chin -- Nagappan, Jayanthi -- Nookiah, Rajanaidu -- Amiruddin, Mohd Din -- Rosli, Rozana -- Manaf, Mohamad Arif Abdul -- Chan, Kuang-Lim -- Halim, Mohd Amin -- Azizi, Norazah -- Lakey, Nathan -- Smith, Steven W -- Budiman, Muhammad A -- Hogan, Michael -- Bacher, Blaire -- Van Brunt, Andrew -- Wang, Chunyan -- Ordway, Jared M -- Sambanthamurthi, Ravigadevi -- Martienssen, Robert A -- R01 GM067014/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Aug 15;500(7462):340-4. doi: 10.1038/nature12356. Epub 2013 Jul 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. raviga@mpob.gov.my〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23883930" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics ; Arecaceae/*genetics/*metabolism ; Chromosome Mapping ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant ; Genes, Plant/*genetics ; Genetic Variation ; Homozygote ; MADS Domain Proteins/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; *Plant Oils ; Sequence Alignment
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2015-09-10
    Description: Somaclonal variation arises in plants and animals when differentiated somatic cells are induced into a pluripotent state, but the resulting clones differ from each other and from their parents. In agriculture, somaclonal variation has hindered the micropropagation of elite hybrids and genetically modified crops, but the mechanism responsible remains unknown. The oil palm fruit 'mantled' abnormality is a somaclonal variant arising from tissue culture that drastically reduces yield, and has largely halted efforts to clone elite hybrids for oil production. Widely regarded as an epigenetic phenomenon, 'mantling' has defied explanation, but here we identify the MANTLED locus using epigenome-wide association studies of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis. DNA hypomethylation of a LINE retrotransposon related to rice Karma, in the intron of the homeotic gene DEFICIENS, is common to all mantled clones and is associated with alternative splicing and premature termination. Dense methylation near the Karma splice site (termed the Good Karma epiallele) predicts normal fruit set, whereas hypomethylation (the Bad Karma epiallele) predicts homeotic transformation, parthenocarpy and marked loss of yield. Loss of Karma methylation and of small RNA in tissue culture contributes to the origin of mantled, while restoration in spontaneous revertants accounts for non-Mendelian inheritance. The ability to predict and cull mantling at the plantlet stage will facilitate the introduction of higher performing clones and optimize environmentally sensitive land resources.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ong-Abdullah, Meilina -- Ordway, Jared M -- Jiang, Nan -- Ooi, Siew-Eng -- Kok, Sau-Yee -- Sarpan, Norashikin -- Azimi, Nuraziyan -- Hashim, Ahmad Tarmizi -- Ishak, Zamzuri -- Rosli, Samsul Kamal -- Malike, Fadila Ahmad -- Bakar, Nor Azwani Abu -- Marjuni, Marhalil -- Abdullah, Norziha -- Yaakub, Zulkifli -- Amiruddin, Mohd Din -- Nookiah, Rajanaidu -- Singh, Rajinder -- Low, Eng-Ti Leslie -- Chan, Kuang-Lim -- Azizi, Norazah -- Smith, Steven W -- Bacher, Blaire -- Budiman, Muhammad A -- Van Brunt, Andrew -- Wischmeyer, Corey -- Beil, Melissa -- Hogan, Michael -- Lakey, Nathan -- Lim, Chin-Ching -- Arulandoo, Xaviar -- Wong, Choo-Kien -- Choo, Chin-Nee -- Wong, Wei-Chee -- Kwan, Yen-Yen -- Alwee, Sharifah Shahrul Rabiah Syed -- Sambanthamurthi, Ravigadevi -- Martienssen, Robert A -- R01 GM067014/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Sep 24;525(7570):533-7. doi: 10.1038/nature15365. Epub 2015 Sep 9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. ; Orion Genomics, 4041 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. ; United Plantations Berhad, Jendarata Estate, 36009 Teluk Intan, Perak, Malaysia. ; Applied Agricultural Resources Sdn Bhd, No. 11, Jalan Teknologi 3/6, Taman Sains Selangor 1, 47810 Kota Damansara, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. ; FELDA Global Ventures R&D Sdn Bhd, c/o FELDA Biotechnology Centre, PT 23417, Lengkuk Teknologi, 71760 Bandar Enstek, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ; Howard Hughes Medical Institute-Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26352475" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; Alternative Splicing/genetics ; Arecaceae/*genetics/metabolism ; *DNA Methylation ; Epigenesis, Genetic/*genetics ; *Epigenomics ; Fruit/genetics ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genetic Association Studies ; Genome, Plant/*genetics ; Introns/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; *Phenotype ; Plant Oils/analysis/metabolism ; RNA Splice Sites/genetics ; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics ; Retroelements/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-01-10
    Description: Gut microbiome populations are associated with structure-specific changes in white matter architecture Gut microbiome populations are associated with structure-specific changes in white matter architecture, Published online: 10 January 2018; doi:10.1038/s41398-017-0022-5 Gut microbiome populations are associated with structure-specific changes in white matter architecture
    Electronic ISSN: 2158-3188
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-03-06
    Description: Diet1 modulates intestinal production of the hormone, fibroblast growth factor (FGF)15, which signals in liver to regulate bile acid synthesis. C57BL/6ByJ mice with a spontaneous Diet1 -null mutation are resistant to hypercholesterolemia compared with wild-type C57BL/6J mice through enhanced cholesterol conversion to bile acids. To further characterize the role of Diet1 in metabolism, we generated Diet1 –/– mice on the C57BL/6J genetic background. C57BL/6J Diet1 –/– mice had elevated bile acid levels, reduced Fgf15 expression, and increased gastrointestinal motility and intestinal luminal water content, which are symptoms of bile acid diarrhea (BAD) in humans. Natural genetic variation in Diet1 mRNA expression levels across 76 inbred mouse strains correlated positively with Ffg15 mRNA and negatively with serum bile acid levels. This led us to investigate the role of DIET1 genetic variation in primary BAD patients. We identified a DIET1 coding variant ( rs12256835 ) that had skewed prevalence between BAD cases and controls. This variant causes an H1721Q amino acid substitution that increases the levels of FGF19 protein secreted from cultured cells. We propose that genetic variation in DIET1 may be a determinant of FGF19 secretion levels, and may affect bile acid metabolism in both physiological and pathological conditions.
    Print ISSN: 0022-2275
    Electronic ISSN: 1539-7262
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-08-29
    Print ISSN: 0009-9147
    Electronic ISSN: 1530-8561
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-09-12
    Description: Author Correction: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity and a downregulated Hedgehog pathway impair blood-brain barrier function in an in vitro model of CNS tuberculosis Author Correction: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity and a downregulated Hedgehog pathway impair blood-brain barrier function in an 〈i〉in vitro〈/i〉 model of CNS tuberculosis, Published online: 12 September 2018; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31948-8 Author Correction: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity and a downregulated Hedgehog pathway impair blood-brain barrier function in an in vitro model of CNS tuberculosis
    Electronic ISSN: 2045-2322
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
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  • 9
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  85. Versammlung der Vereinigung Rhein-Mainischer Augenärzte; 20121103-20121103; Seeheim bei Darmstadt; DOC12rmaP6 /20121031/
    Publication Date: 2012-11-01
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0273-1177
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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