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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-01-28
    Description: Neighboring genes are often coordinately expressed within cis-regulatory modules, but evidence that nonparalogous genes share functions in mammals is lacking. Here, we report that mutation of either TMEM138 or TMEM216 causes a phenotypically indistinguishable human ciliopathy, Joubert syndrome. Despite a lack of sequence homology, the genes are aligned in a head-to-tail configuration and joined by chromosomal rearrangement at the amphibian-to-reptile evolutionary transition. Expression of the two genes is mediated by a conserved regulatory element in the noncoding intergenic region. Coordinated expression is important for their interdependent cellular role in vesicular transport to primary cilia. Hence, during vertebrate evolution of genes involved in ciliogenesis, nonparalogous genes were arranged to a functional gene cluster with shared regulatory elements.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3671610/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3671610/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lee, Jeong Ho -- Silhavy, Jennifer L -- Lee, Ji Eun -- Al-Gazali, Lihadh -- Thomas, Sophie -- Davis, Erica E -- Bielas, Stephanie L -- Hill, Kiley J -- Iannicelli, Miriam -- Brancati, Francesco -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Russ, Carsten -- Logan, Clare V -- Sharif, Saghira Malik -- Bennett, Christopher P -- Abe, Masumi -- Hildebrandt, Friedhelm -- Diplas, Bill H -- Attie-Bitach, Tania -- Katsanis, Nicholas -- Rajab, Anna -- Koul, Roshan -- Sztriha, Laszlo -- Waters, Elizabeth R -- Ferro-Novick, Susan -- Woods, C Geoffrey -- Johnson, Colin A -- Valente, Enza Maria -- Zaki, Maha S -- Gleeson, Joseph G -- DK068306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK072301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK075972/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK090917/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- EY021872/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- G0700073/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- GGP08145/Telethon/Italy -- HD042601/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- NS04843/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS052455/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA023100/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30NS047101/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK068306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK072301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK075972/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY021872/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD042601/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS048453/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS052455/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Feb 24;335(6071):966-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1213506. Epub 2012 Jan 26.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Neurogenetics Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22282472" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Cell Line ; Cerebellar Diseases/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Cilia/metabolism/*ultrastructure ; Conserved Sequence ; DNA, Intergenic ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Eye Abnormalities/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Gene Expression Profiling ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Genetic Heterogeneity ; *Genetic Loci ; Humans ; Kidney Diseases, Cystic/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Membrane Proteins/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Multigene Family ; Mutation ; Mutation, Missense ; Phenotype ; Protein Transport ; *Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid ; Retina/abnormalities/metabolism/pathology ; Transport Vesicles/metabolism/ultrastructure
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are neurodegenerative motor neuron diseases characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function. Although the genetic basis is partly understood, only a fraction of cases can receive a genetic diagnosis, and a global view of HSP is lacking. By using whole-exome sequencing in combination with network analysis, we identified 18 previously unknown putative HSP genes and validated nearly all of these genes functionally or genetically. The pathways highlighted by these mutations link HSP to cellular transport, nucleotide metabolism, and synapse and axon development. Network analysis revealed a host of further candidate genes, of which three were mutated in our cohort. Our analysis links HSP to other neurodegenerative disorders and can facilitate gene discovery and mechanistic understanding of disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157572/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157572/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Novarino, Gaia -- Fenstermaker, Ali G -- Zaki, Maha S -- Hofree, Matan -- Silhavy, Jennifer L -- Heiberg, Andrew D -- Abdellateef, Mostafa -- Rosti, Basak -- Scott, Eric -- Mansour, Lobna -- Masri, Amira -- Kayserili, Hulya -- Al-Aama, Jumana Y -- Abdel-Salam, Ghada M H -- Karminejad, Ariana -- Kara, Majdi -- Kara, Bulent -- Bozorgmehri, Bita -- Ben-Omran, Tawfeg -- Mojahedi, Faezeh -- Mahmoud, Iman Gamal El Din -- Bouslam, Naima -- Bouhouche, Ahmed -- Benomar, Ali -- Hanein, Sylvain -- Raymond, Laure -- Forlani, Sylvie -- Mascaro, Massimo -- Selim, Laila -- Shehata, Nabil -- Al-Allawi, Nasir -- Bindu, P S -- Azam, Matloob -- Gunel, Murat -- Caglayan, Ahmet -- Bilguvar, Kaya -- Tolun, Aslihan -- Issa, Mahmoud Y -- Schroth, Jana -- Spencer, Emily G -- Rosti, Rasim O -- Akizu, Naiara -- Vaux, Keith K -- Johansen, Anide -- Koh, Alice A -- Megahed, Hisham -- Durr, Alexandra -- Brice, Alexis -- Stevanin, Giovanni -- Gabriel, Stacy B -- Ideker, Trey -- Gleeson, Joseph G -- HHSN268200782096C/PHS HHS/ -- HHSN268201100011/PHS HHS/ -- N01-CO-12400/CO/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01 HD070494/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P01HD070494/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P30NS047101/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS041537/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS048453/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS052455/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG006504/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54HG006504/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jan 31;343(6170):506-11. doi: 10.1126/science.1247363.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24482476" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Axons/physiology ; Biological Transport/genetics ; Cohort Studies ; Exome/*genetics ; Gene Regulatory Networks ; *Genetic Association Studies ; Humans ; Motor Neuron Disease/*genetics ; Mutation ; Neurons/*metabolism ; Nucleotides/genetics/metabolism ; Pyramidal Tracts/*metabolism ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary/*genetics ; Synapses/physiology ; Transcriptome ; Zebrafish
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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