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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: Circadian urinary pH ; chronic antacid ; statistical analysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary In normal human volunteers, when urinary pH was plotted versus time, the circadian sine-wave type curve was not altered by chronic administration of a commercially available suspension containing a mixture of magnesium and aluminum hydroxides, although the antacid perturbed the entire curve in a more alkaline direction. A single dose of the antacid had little effect on urinary pH. There was a highly significant linear relationship between the change in hydrogen ion concentration during chronic antacid treatment and the initial control urinary hydrogen ion concentration, but there was no significant correlation between change in urinary pH and initial control urinary pH as has been previously reported. The above results were based on the evaluation of the hydrogen ion concentrations of 1562 separate urine samples collected from 24 normal subjects in a three treatment crossover study. It is recommended that: (1) research studies involving drug-drug interactions with antacids be designed to consider the effect of the antacid on the circadian rhythm of urinary pH, and (2) pH values not be averaged as commonly reported in the literature, but rather the pH values be converted to hydrogen ion concentrations before statistical analysis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: Tolmetin ; pharmacokinetics ; bioavailability ; antacid ; oral dose
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The purpose of this study was to determine whether a concomitant single dose of antacid or multiple doses of antacid administered prior to, and with tolmetin, alter the pharmacokinetics of tolmetin when the drug was administered as a commercially available tablet containing tolmetin sodium. The possible effects of the antacid on plasma concentrations and urinary excretion of tolmetin and its major metabolite were evaluated following administration of: (a) tolmetin sodium alone; (b) antacid four time a day for three days prior to a single dose of tolmetin sodium, with continuation of the antacid during the day tolmetin was given; and (c) co-administration of single doses of tolmetin sodium and antacid. The twenty-four subject study was of the crossover type. There were no significant differences among treatment means for: (i) peak plasma concentrations of both tolmetin and metabolite, (ii) AUC 0–8 h and AUC 0-∞ for both tolmetin and metabolite, (iii) time to peak plasma concentration for both tolmetin and metabolite, (iv) plasma concentrations of both tolmetin and the metabolite at all sampling times (except for tolmetin at 2 h), (v) renal clearance of both tolmetin and its metabolite, and (vi) the amount of metabolite excreted in the 0–24 h urine. There were small, but significant, differences among amounts of tolmetin excreted in the 0–24 h urine. Semilogarithmic plots of both tolmetin and metabolite plasma concentrations past the peak concentrations were curved over the entire 8-h observation period; although the elimination half-life of tolmetin has been reported to be about one hour, the half-life most probably exceeds 2.6 h in most subjects. The results of this study indicate a lack of a significant drug-drug interaction between the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, tolmetin sodium, and a commonly used antacid, which is a mixture of magnesium and aluminium hydroxides.
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