Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The molar Kerr constants mK, molar refractions mR, and dipole moments μ are reported for the N-methylacetamides CX3CONHCH3 (X = H, CH3, F. CI, Br) and acetamides CX3CONH2 (X = H, F, Cl, Br). The components of the polarizability tensor α are deduced for N-methylacetamide and acetamide on the basis of the bond additivity approximation. This α is found to be considerably more anisotropic than was indicated in previous determinations by other methods. The data for N-methylacetamide were used to calculate mK, μ, and γ2 (anisotropy squared) of N-acetyl-N′-methylglycine amide and N-acetyl-N′-methyl-alanine amide as functions of the torsional angles (φ,Ψ). The statistical mechanical averages of mK, μ, and γ2 were calculated from conformational energies obtained by the methods of Scheraga.
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