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  • 1
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Toxicology ; Hematology ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Hematology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital
    ISBN: 9789048192953
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  • 2
    Call number: QZ266:328
    Keywords: Neoplasms / drug therapy ; Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use ; Neoplasms / blood supply ; Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy
    Pages: xxii, 329 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 9783527320912
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    QZ266:328 available
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: adhesion ; breast cancer ; disintegrin ; integrins ; invasion ; metastasis ; angiogenesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report the results of a multidisciplinary study on the inhibitory effect of a snake venom disintegrin, contortrostatin, a 13.5 kDa homodimeric protein isolated from Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix (southern copperhead) venom, on breast cancer progression. We demonstrate that contortrostatin binds to integrins and blocks the adhesion of human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-435) to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins including fibronectin and vitronectin, but it has no effect on adhesion of the cells to laminin and Matrigel. Contortrostatin also prevents invasion of MDA-MB-435 cells through an artificial Matrigel basement membrane. Daily local injection of contortrostatin (5 μg per mouse per day) into MDA-MB-435 tumor masses in an orthotopic xenograft nude mouse model inhibits growth of the tumor by 74% (p = 0.0164). More importantly, it reduces the number of pulmonary macro-metastasis of the breast cancer by 68% (p 〈 0.001), and micro-metastasis by 62.4% (p 〈 0.001). Contortrostatin is not cytotoxic to cancer cells, and does not inhibit proliferation of the breast cancer cells in vitro. However, contortrostatin inhibits angiogenesis induced by the breast cancer, as shown by immunohistochemical quantitation of the vascular endothelial cells in tumor tissue removed from the nude mice. We have identified αvβ3, an important integrin mediating cell motility and tumor invasion, as one of the binding sites of contortrostatin on MDA-MB-435 cells. We conclude that contortrostatin blocks αvβ3, and perhaps other integrins, and thus inhibits in vivo progression.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-7209
    Keywords: angiogenesis ; disintegrin ; integrin ; vitronectin receptor
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Contortrostatin, a 13.5 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric polypeptide possessing an Arg–Gly–Asp sequence, was isolated from venom of the southern copperhead snake. Daily injection of contortrostatin into the primary tumor of human breast cancer MDA-MB-435 carried in nude mice significantly inhibited tumor growth and neovascularization of the tumor tissue. On the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane, contortrostatin inhibited angiogenesis induced by MDA-MB-435 cells, basic fibroblast growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor. In addition, contortrostatin effectively blocked adhesion of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) to immobilized vitronectin and significantly inhibited invasion of HUVEC through a Matrigel barrier. Competitive binding assays and adhesion assays with different integrin antibodies suggested that integrin αvβ3 is a binding site for contortrostatin on vascular endothelial cells. Detachment of HUVEC from vitronectin by contortrostatin induced apoptosis. HUVEC adhered and spread well on immobilized contortrostatin without undergoing apoptosis, suggesting that it is the inhibition of adhesion and spreading of HUVEC on extracellular matrix proteins, rather than binding of contortrostatin to integrins per se, that triggers apoptosis. We conclude that contortrostatin binds to αvβ3, and interferes with the anchorage-dependent survival mechanism of the vascular endothelial cells, and the mobility of the cells. The consequent suppression of angiogenesis is an important component of the antineoplastic activity of contortrostatin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0091-7419
    Keywords: estrogen receptor ; androgen receptor ; prostatic adenocarcinoma ; estradiol ; methyltrienolone ; hormonal responsiveness ; Life Sciences ; Molecular Cell Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Several histologic variants of the transplantable R-3327 prostatic adenocarcinoma carried in male Copenhagen rats have been characterized and the histologic types have been correlated with steroid hormone receptor content. One type is clearly an adenocarcinoma; this tumor is hormonally responsive and contains substantial amounts of both androgen and estrogen receptors. In contrast, another histologic type, a fibrosarcoma, is hormonally nonresponsive and does not contain either receptor. A third histologic variant is classified as a carcinosarcoma and contains histological elements of both adenocarcinoma and fibrosarcoma and is also hormonally responsive. This tumor contains lower receptor levels than the adenocarcinomas but more than the fibrosarcomas. The androgen receptor appears to be identical in the different histologic forms of the tumor; the sedimentation coefficient is 7.8S and the dissociation constant for methyltrienolone is 4 X 10-9 M. Similarly, the estrogen receptor from the different histologic forms of the tumor has a sedimentation coefficient of 8.3S and the dissociation constant for estradiol is 7 X 10-10 M. These findings clearly distinguish the cytosol binding macromolecules from plasma binding proteins, and classify them as steroid hormone receptors. Further, rat serum was devoid of androgen and estrogen binding in the 8S region. Normal prostate tissue from Copenhagen rats contained low levels of an androgen receptor, but no estrogen receptor. It is possible that during growth and/or passage of the R-3327 tumor, the hormonally responsive adenocarcinoma cells do not survive and there is a gradual emergence of the nonresponsive fibrosarcoma. If, as we suspect, the receptors are found in the epithelial cells and not the stromal cells, there clearly should be considerable variation of receptor content in the different intermediary histologic forms of the tumor.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, N.Y. : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Supramolecular Structure 13 (1980), S. 35-46 
    ISSN: 0091-7419
    Keywords: estrogen receptor ; glucocorticoid receptor ; estradiol ; diethylstilbestrol ; dexamethasone ; B-16 mouse melanoma ; Syrian hamster melanoma ; Life Sciences ; Molecular Cell Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: The Transplantable B-16 melanotic melanoma carried in syngeneic C57B1/6J female mice and the Syrian hamster melanoma cell line, RPMI 3460, were utilized to determine whether steroid-hormone receptors are present in animal melanomas. In the B-16 melanoma, a cytoplasmic-estrogen receptor is detectable, but there is no evidence for androgen or progestin receptors. Some tumors contain a glucocorticoid-binding macromolecule. Sucrosedensity gradient centrifugation of cytosol after incubation with [3H]-estradiol revealed an 8S peak that was suppressed by excess radioinert diethylstilbesterol. Binding varied from 5-35 fmoles per mg cytosol protein. Scatchard analysis of [3H]-estradiol binding in cytosol yielded a single class of high-affinity binding sites; the dissociation constant is 6 × 10-10 M. The receptor molecule is shown to be estrogen-specific by ligand competition assays. In contrast to B-16 melanoma, no estrogen, androgen, or progestin receptor can be found in the Syrian hamster melanoma cell line. However, a substantial level of specific binding is observed using [3H]-dexamethasone. Sucrose-gradient centrifugation of cytosol from this cell line after incubation with [3H]-dexamethasone revealed a 7S peak that was suppressed by excess radioinert dexamethasone. Scatchard analysis indicated a single class of high affinity sites with a dissociation constant of 2 × 10-9 M. Binding levels from 70-610 fmoles per mg cytosol protein were observed. The Syrian hamster melanoma cells also exhibit a biological response to glucocorticoids: Dexamethasone causes both an inhibition of growth and a decrease in final-cell density in these cells.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1520-4995
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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