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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2323
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. A series of 151 women underwent 156 preoperative localizations of nonpalpable, mammographically detected breast lesions. Indications for biopsy were (1) a cluster of more than five fine microcalcifications; (2) a solid lump found by ultrasound investigation; and (3) a radiologic abnormality of the breast parenchyma. The lesions were localized preoperatively using the hook-wire method (Frank needle), and all biopsies were performed under general anesthesia. Carcinoma was discovered in 34 (21.8%) cases; in 22 (64.7%) it was a noninvasive cancer (9 with microinvasions) and in 12 (35.3%) an invasive carcinoma with a mean tumor diameter of 0.8 cm. The highest malignancy rate was found among those with microcalcifications (21 of 81 cancers, or 25.9%). Lymph node involvement was seen in 25% of patients with invasive carcinomas. In conclusion, the needle localization of nonpalpable breast lesions is a simple, accurate method for early detection of small cancers with favorable prognosis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7225
    Keywords: breast cancer ; insulin growth factor I ; leptin ; postmenopause ; premenopause
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Objectives: Because both breast cancer and the hormone leptin are associated with obesity and reproductive phenomena in women, we have examined whether there is a relationship between leptin and breast cancer among premenopausal and postmenopausal women. We have also evaluated in this dataset the association of IGF-I with breast cancer. Methods: Seventy-five cases, diagnosed during mammographic screening, with incident breast cancer were matched for age and type of permanent residence with seventy-five controls from those screened negative in the same study base. Results: There was no evidence for an association between IGF-I and either premenopausal or postmenopausal breast cancer risk or between leptin and postmenopausal breast cancer. Among premenopausal women, however, there was a strong and statistically significant inverse association of leptin with breast cancer. Conclusion: We did not confirm the positive association, reported from other investigations, of IGF-I with premenopausal breast cancer risk. We have found evidence, however, that leptin may be inversely related to breast cancer risk among premenopausal women. The latter finding is not biologically implausible and deserves to be examined in additional datasets.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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