AIP Digital Archive
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
Recent breakthroughs in silicon detector technology now permit measurement of radiated power over a wide range in photon energies. These detectors (also known as AXUV photodiodes) have a flat spectral power response from ultraviolet to x-ray energies, and with a slightly reduced efficiency all the way down to visible wavelengths. Since they can be made small, multichannel detectors allow high spatial resolution to be combined with an intrinsic high temporal resolution, which can reach the microsecond range, depending on the application. Additional features include ease of use and installation, and relatively low cost compared to other techniques. A combination of two multichannel toroidally viewing systems has been recently installed on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak. The first array, which is composed of 16 channels, sees tangentially the outer-half of the plasma at the midplane, and is used to measure the total power radiated. The second array, also located at the midplane, consists of 19 channels and views the edge of the plasma. This array has a 2 mm radial resolution, allowing, for example, the study of edge dynamics in high confinement (H mode) plasmas. Because these detectors are largely insensitive to neutral particles (at least at particle energies of interest), it is now possible to measure the radial distribution of neutral "radiated" power emissivity, by looking at the difference between these measurements and those obtained with standard bolometers. When neutrals are not important, we found a very good agreement between the AXUV detectors and standard bolometers. Examples of applications of these measurements to the study of edge H-mode dynamics, impurity injection, disruptions, and internal barrier formation, are described. Planned upgrades and new applications for Alcator C-Mod are also discussed. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
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