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  • 1
    ISSN: 0167-2738
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0168-9452
    Keywords: Kanamycin ; Molecular analysis ; Transformation ; Triticum aestivum
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Physics Letters A 75 (1980), S. 217-219 
    ISSN: 0375-9601
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Maize ; RFLPs ; Genetic diversity ; Heterotic groups
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate genetic diversity for RFLPs in a set of important maize inbreds commonly used in Italian breeding programs, (2) to compare genetic similarities between unrelated lines from the same and different heterotic groups, and (3) to examine the potential of RFLPs for assigning maize inbreds to heterotic groups. Forty inbreds were analyzed for RFLPs with two restriction enzymes (EcoRI and HindIII) and 82 DNA clones uniformly distributed over the maize genome. Seventy clone-enzyme combinations gave single-banded RFLP patterns, and 79 gave multiple-banded RFLP patterns. The average number of RFLP patterns detected per clone-enzyme combination across all inbreds was 5.8. RFLP data revealed a wide range of genetic diversity within the two heterotic groups assayed, Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic (BSSS) and Lancaster Sure Crop (LSC). Genetic similarity (GS) between lines was estimated from binary RFLP data according to the method of Nei and Li (1979). The mean GS for line combinations of type BSSS × LSC (0.498) was substantially smaller than for unrelated line combinations or type BSSS × BSSS (0.584) but almost as great as for un-related line combinations of type LSC × LSC (0.506). Principal coordinate and cluster analyses based on GS values resulted in the separate groupings of lines, which is consistent with known pedigree information. A comparison between both methods for multivariate analyses of RFLP data is presented.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words DNA polymorphisms ; Genetic distances ; Molecular markers ; Yield prediction ; Zea mays
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  The challenge to maize breeders is to identify inbred lines that produce highly heterotic hybrids. In the present study we surveyed genetic divergence among 13 inbred lines of maize using DNA markers and assessed the relationship between genetic distance and hybrid performance in a diallel set of crosses between them. The parental lines were assayed for DNA polymorphism using 135 restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) and 209 amplified-fragment polymorphisms (AFLPs). Considerable variation among inbreds was detected with RFLP and AFLP markers. Moreover AFLPs detect polymorphisms more efficiently in comparison to RFLPs, due to the larger number of loci assayed in a single PCR reaction. Genetic distances (GDs), calculated from RFLP and AFLP data, were greater among lines belonging to different heterotic groups compared to those calculated from lines of the same heterotic group. Cluster analysis based on GDs revealed associations among lines which agree with expectations based on pedigree information. The GD values of the 78 F1 crosses were partioned into general (GGD) and specific (SGD) components. Correlations of GD with F1 performance for grain yield were positive but too small to be of predictive value. The correlations of SGDs, particularly those based on AFLP data, with specific combining-ability effects for yield may have a practical utility in predicting hybrid performance.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Zea mays L. ; Genetic relationship ; Molecular markers ; DNA-fingerprinting ; Genetic diversity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  DNA-based fingerprinting technologies have proven useful in genetic similarity studies. RFLP is still most commonly used in the estimation of genetic diversity in plant species, but the recently developed PCR-based marker techniques, RAPDs, SSRs and AFLPs, are playing an increasingly important role in these investigations. Using a set of 33 maize inbred lines we report on a comparison of techniques to evaluate their informativeness and applicability for the study of genetic diversity. The four assays differed in the amount of polymorphism detected. The information content, measured by the expected heterozygosity and the average number of alleles, was higher for SSRs, while the lowest level of polymorphism was obtained with AFLPs. However, AFLPs were the most efficient marker system because of their capacity to reveal several bands in a single amplification. In fact, the assay efficiency index was more than ten-fold higher for AFLPs compared to the other methods. Except for RAPDs, the genetic similarity trees were highly correlated. SSR and AFLP technologies can replace RFLP marker in genetic similarity studies because of their comparable accuracy in genotyping inbred lines selected by pedigree. Bootstrap analysis revealed that, in the set of lines analysed, the number of markers used was sufficient for a reliable estimation of genetic similarity and for a meaningful comparison of marker technologies.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Genetic map ; Linkage analysis ; AFLP ; Methylation sensitivity ; Codominant markers ; Zea mays L.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  We exploited the AFLP technique to saturate a RFLP linkage map derived from a maize mapping population. By using two restriction enzyme, EcoRI and PstI, differing in methylation sensitivity, both in combination with MseI, we detected 1568 bands of which 340 where polymorphic. These were added to the exitsing RFLP marker data to study the effects of incorporation of AFLPs produced by different restriction-enzyme combinations upon genetic maps. Addition of the AFLP data resulted in greater genome coverage, both through linking previously separate groups and the extension of other groups. The increase of the total map length was mainly caused by the addition of markers to telomeric regions, where RFLP markers were poorly represented. The percentage of informative loci was significantly different between the EcoRI and PstI assays. There was also evidence that PstI AFLP markers were more randomly distributed across chromosomes and chromosome regions, while EcoRI AFLP markers clustered mainly at centomeric regions. The more-random ditsribution of PstI AFLP markers on the genetic map reported here may reflect a preferential localisation of the markers in the hypomethylated telomeric regions of the chromosomes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: RFLP markers ; Heterosis ; QTL mapping ; Testcross performance ; Zea mays L.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for grain yield, dry matter content and test weight were identified in an F2 segregating population derived from a single cross between two elite maize lines (B73 and A7) and testcrossed to two genetically divergent in breds. Most of the QTLs inferred were consistent across locations, indicating that the expression of the genes influencing the traits under investigation was largely independent of the environment. By using two different tester lines we found that QTLs exhibited by one tester may not necessarily be detected with the second one. Only loci with larger effects were consistent across testers, suggesting that interaction with tester alleles may contribute to the identification of QTLs in a specific fashion. Analysis across both testers revealed four significant QTLs for grain yield that explained more than 35% of the phenotypic variation and showed an overall phenotypic effect of more than 2t/ha. The major QTL for grain yield, located in the proximity of the Nucleolus Organiser Region, accounted for 24.5% of the phenotypic variation for grain yield and showed an average effect of allele substitution of approximately 1 t/ha. Marker-assisted introgression of the superior A7 allele at this locus in the B73 genetic background will not differ from qualitative trait introgression and will eventually lead to new lines having superior testcross performance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Dental traumatology 16 (2000), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0595
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract – The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of four root canal sealers: AH26, AH Plus, Diaket and Apexit. In the experiment two cell lines, human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells and mouse skin fibroblasts (L929), were used. Under aseptic conditions, the sealers were prepared according to the manufacturers' directions, and 0.01 mL of each material was placed in a 24-well plate. The sealers were covered with cell suspension. The cytotoxicity was estimated by determining the number of viable cells by a light microscope, as well as the total number of cells 24 h, 48 h and 120 h after the treatment with mentioned materials. The results obtained in this study showed the high cytotoxcity of the new AH Plus root canal sealer, which was shown to be equally or more toxic to the standard AH26 and Diaket materials. Apexit was the least toxic sealer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Electrochimica Acta 37 (1992), S. 1645-1647 
    ISSN: 0013-4686
    Keywords: impedance spectroscopy ; ionic conductivity ; organosulfur ; polymer electrolytes
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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