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  • 1
    Call number: H0800:17
    Keywords: Arabidopsis / genetics ; Arabidopsis / Laboratory manuals ; Arabidopsis / Molecular aspects
    Pages: xvi, 440 p. : ill. (some col.)
    ISBN: 0896033910
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    H0800:17 departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Repetitive DNA ; Arabidopsis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Three members of a family of highly repeated DNA sequences from Arabidopsis thaliana have been cloned and characterized. The repeat unit has an average length of 180 bp and is tandemly repeated in arrays longer than 50 kb. This family represents more than one percent of the Arabidopsis genome. Sequence comparisons with tandemly repeated DNA sequences from other Cruciferae species show several regions of homology and a similar length of the repeat unit. Homologies are also found to highly repeated sequences from other plant species. When the sequence CCGG occurs in the repeated DNA, the inner cytosine is generally methylated.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1546-1718
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: [Auszug] The initiation of flowering in plants is controlled by environmental and endogenous signals. Molecular analysis of this process in Arabidopsis thaliana indicates that environmental control is exerted through the photoperiod and vernalization pathways, whereas endogenous signals regulate the ...
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Key words: Abscisic acid –Arabidopsis (flowering time) – Gibberellin – Phytochrome B – Vernalization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract.  The roles of gibberellins, abscisic acid and phytochrome B in the vernalization response were investigated by combining mutations causing defects in their biosynthesis and response with the Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. fca-1 mutation. The fca-1 mutation confers a very late-flowering phenotype which can be reversed to wild-type flowering if the seedlings are vernalized. Vernalization was unaffected in ga1-3, gai, abi1-1, abi2-1, abi3-1 and phyB-1 backgrounds, suggesting that gibberellin action mediated via GA1 and GAI, abscisic acid action mediated through ABI1 and ABI2, and phytochrome B, function independently of vernalization. However, the mutations did interact with fca-1 to change flowering time in the absence of vernalization. The abi1 fca-1 and abi2 fca-1 double mutants flowered earlier than fca-1 implying a role for abscisic acid in floral repression. Combination of ga1-3 or gai with fca-1 unexpectedly resulted in opposite interactions, with gai partially suppressing the late flowering of fca-1.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Key words: Abscisic acid –Arabidopsis (mutant frs1) – Cold acclimation – Dehydration – Freezing tolerance –frs1 mutant
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract. To investigate the molecular mechanisms controlling the process of cold acclimation and to identify genes involved in plant freezing tolerance, mutations that impaired the cold acclimation capability of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. were screened for. A new mutation, frs1 (freezing sensitive 1), that reduced both the constitutive freezing tolerance as well as the freezing tolerance of Arabidopsis after cold acclimation was characterized. This mutation also produced a wilty phenotype and excessive water loss. Plants with the frs1 mutation recovered their wild-type phenotype, their capability to tolerate freezing temperatures and their capability to retain water after an exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. Measurements of ABA revealed that frs1 mutants were ABA deficient, and complementation tests indicated that frs1 mutation was a new allele of the ABA3 locus showing that a mutation in this locus leads to an impairment of freezing tolerance. These results constitute the first report showing that a mutation in ABA3 leads to an impairment of freezing tolerance, and not only strengthen the conclusion that ABA is required for full development of freezing tolerance in cold-acclimated plants, but also demonstrate that ABA mediates the constitutive freezing tolerance of Arabidopsis. Gene expression in frs1 mutants was altered in response to dehydration, suggesting that freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis depends on ABA-regulated proteins that allow plants to survive the challenges imposed by subzero temperatures, mainly freeze-induced cellular dehydration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-5028
    Keywords: Arabidopsis ; ABA mutants ; ABA-responsive genes ; promoter ; transgenic plants
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The abscisic acid-responsive gene rab17 is induced during maize embryo maturation and in vegetative tissues under water stress conditions. To investigate how ABA is involved in the induction of the rab17 gene, we present here a genetic approach to analyse the transcriptional regulation of the 1.3 kb rab17 promoter fragment in transgenic wild-type Arabidopsis and mutants which are deficient (aba) and insensitive (abi1, abi2 and abi3) to ABA. During seed development the rab17 promoter fragment confers similar temporal and spatial regulation on the reporter gene GUS, both in transgenic wild-type and ABA-deficient and ABA-insensitive mutants. The rab17 promoter was only active in embryo and endosperm during late seed development, although the ABA-deficient embryo mutant showed a reduction in the level of GUS activity. During germination rab17 promoter activity decreases, and GUS activity is not enhanced by water stress in transgenic wild-type and mutant plants. In contrast, transcription of the Arabidopsis endogenous rab gene is stimulated by water stress, both in wild-type and ABA-insensitive mutants. Our data suggest that different molecular mechanisms mediate seed-specific expression and ABA water stress induction of the rab17 gene and indicate strong conservation of the seed-specific regulatory mechanism for rab genes in monocot and dicot plants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1546-1696
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: [Auszug] Citrus trees have a long juvenile phase that delays their reproductive development by between 6 and 20 years, depending on the species. With the aim of accelerating their flowering time, we transformed juvenile citrus seedlings to constitutively express the Arabidopsis LEAFY (LFY) or APETALA1 (AP1) ...
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