Key words: Abscisic acid –Arabidopsis (flowering time) – Gibberellin – Phytochrome B – Vernalization
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. The roles of gibberellins, abscisic acid and phytochrome B in the vernalization response were investigated by combining mutations causing defects in their biosynthesis and response with the Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. fca-1 mutation. The fca-1 mutation confers a very late-flowering phenotype which can be reversed to wild-type flowering if the seedlings are vernalized. Vernalization was unaffected in ga1-3, gai, abi1-1, abi2-1, abi3-1 and phyB-1 backgrounds, suggesting that gibberellin action mediated via GA1 and GAI, abscisic acid action mediated through ABI1 and ABI2, and phytochrome B, function independently of vernalization. However, the mutations did interact with fca-1 to change flowering time in the absence of vernalization. The abi1 fca-1 and abi2 fca-1 double mutants flowered earlier than fca-1 implying a role for abscisic acid in floral repression. Combination of ga1-3 or gai with fca-1 unexpectedly resulted in opposite interactions, with gai partially suppressing the late flowering of fca-1.
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