Key words Carboxycyclophosphamide
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to evaluate the stability of carboxycyclophosphamide (CXCP) and carboxyifosfamide (CXIF) in human urine at pH 7.0 and 5.5 at 25°, 8°, −20°, and −80 °C. At 25 °C and pH 7.0, CXCP and CXIF are relatively stable (≈10% degradation in 24 h). In contrast, they are much less stable at pH 5.5 (≈80% degradation of CXIF and ≈50% degradation of CXCP in 24 h). The rate of degradation of CXCP and CXIF was a function of the storage temperature of the urine samples but, even at −80 °C, was not negligible: ≈30% degradation for CXCP irrespective of pH and ≈40% and 50% degradation for CXIF at pH 7.0 and 5.5, respectively, after storage for 6 months. CXCP was more stable than CXIF at either pH (7.0 or 5.5) and at all storage temperatures (8°, −20°, or −80 °C) of the urine samples. CXCP and CXIF were more stable at pH 7.0 than at pH 5.5, although this difference fell with decreasing temperatures to be almost negligible at −80 °C. To ensure a true estimate of CXCP and CXIF levels, urine samples must be frozen and stored at −80 °C within a few hours of micturition. CXCP and CXIF assays should also be carried out within 2 months and 1 month of storage, respectively.
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