Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract Cultivation of gene-engineered Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells that produce recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rsTM) was investigated to optimize conditions for high-level expression of the protein in a serum-free medium. For economic protein production, oxygenation of cultures with pure O2 permitted sufficient cell growth for high rsTM production with only 1 g/l of microcarriers and a low foetal bovine serum concentration. A longer growth phase (over 5 days) with serum was important to establish sufficient growth of this cell line on the microcarriers for subsequent serum-free culture, and to support a long-term production phase (about 2 months). In the production phase, a high glucose concentration (6.15 g/l) in the serum-free medium was very effective for prolonging the harvest cycle interval. Under these conditions, up to 100 mg/l rsTM was expressed in the conditioned medium. The rates of glucose consumption (G) and lactae production (L) were measured periodically and their ratio (L/G ratio) correlated with rsTM productivity. When the average L/G ratio was lower, reflecting a lower lactate production rate due to appropriate oxygenation of the culture, the specific rsTM production rate increased. Thus it may be possible to estimate protein productivity from L/G ratios calculated from the glucose and lactate measurements.
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