Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract In order to explain the development of Central Valles Marineris, a new morphostructural model is proposed. This model involves three major phases, including (i) initiation of graben patterns and pit crater chains under an early extensional phase, (ii) formation of wide grabens during major faulting, local rifting, and erosional phase, (iii) late faulting and secondary volcanic activity, possibly related to renewed updoming of East Tharsis. Based on detailed morphologic studies presented in a companion paper (Peulvast and Masson, this issue), the role of erosional processes in Central Valles Marineris landforming is discussed.
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