Mutation-drift equilibrium models
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We typed the Sardinian population at the D1S80 VNTR locus. Nineteen alleles were detected in a sample of 92 unrelated individuals, allele frequency distribution showing a modal pattern mostly in agreement with other Caucasoid populations. A high degree of heterozygosity (observed value=80.4%) was present. Goodness-of-fit tests demonstrated no departure from Hardy-Weinberg expectations. Data regarding heterozygosity, number of alleles and singletons appeared in accordance with the IAM mutation-drift equilibrium model and showed no evidence of hidden substructuring. Allele 34 exhibited in Sardinians the highest frequency never observed in Caucasians. Nonetheless, the comparison with other European populations did not disclose Sardinian genetic peculiarity. Indeed, measures of genetic divergence among Europeans demonstrated definitely smaller values at the D1S80 locus in comparison with those calculated over a high number of (pre-DNA) polymorphic loci. High mutation rate and selective neutrality typical of VNTRs could account for the observed moderate genetic divergence. Isolation and genetic drift, on the other hand, may have determined certain deviations in allele frequency distribution, as occurred to allele 34 in the Sardinian population.
Type of Medium: