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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this study was to develop a repeatable method for measurement of bone support around root form and blade implants suitable for use in high-quality but unstandardized radiographs. 10 phantoms were fabricated to simulate progressive osseous defects around implants. Radiographs were taken in triplicate and digitized. Specialized software was written which placed a grid of known dimensions over the implant so that the top and the bottom of the grid were at the neck and the base of the implant, respectively. The investigators selected the edge of the bone at each point where the grid intersected the implant and the software automatically detected the implant edge. The software also outlined and displayed the defect on the computer monitor. Measurements were performed 5 times and the standard deviation was taken as a measure of the repeatability of the method. Repeatability for blades and root forms was 0.19 ± 0.07 mm and 0.08 ± 0.03 mm, respectively. There was no significant difference in the ability to measure bone loss in the blade versus the root form (pequals;0.17, NS). These results indicate that this semi-automated computer-assisted method for measuring bone loss around implants is repeatable and may be of value for clinical trials using either root form or blade implants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This study evaluated the advantages of computed tomography (CT) in comparison to routine panoramic radiography for dental implant treatment planning. An in vitro validation study was performed to assess the accuracy of CT and panoramic radiography film images for measurement of anatomic structures and distances between anatomic structures. After correcting by a standard 25% magnification on the panoramic images, a significant difference in measurements was found between the CT and panoramic radiography images. Ten subjects requiring implants in compromised ridges were treatment planned with either CT and panoramic radiographs or panoramic radiographs alone. The ideal implant length was determined at surgery with direct digital radiography. The dentists were significantly more confident using CT and panoramic images than panoramic radiographs alone. Implant length treatment planned with panoramic radiography alone underestimated length significantly compared with the implant length determined to be ideal during surgery.whereas treatment planning with CT and panoramic radiography demonstrated no significant difference. The data indicate the CT may be of value in treatment planning for dental implants, especially when gaining maximum length is of critical importance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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