x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy surface modification
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The gas phase downstream products of an air glow discharge have been measured, using absorption and emission spectroscopies, as a function of plasma power, air flow rate, and distance from the plasma. In addition, the reaction of these products with a linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) polymer surface has been followed using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). At higher air flow rates (〉300 sccm), the primary reactive species is confirmed to be O(3P) atomic oxygen. Some O(3P) is generated in the plasma itself, but more appears to be formed in the downstream region, because of dissociation of molecules in their excited states. At low flow rates, the concentration of O(3P) is strongly depleted at the sample position, but other atomic oxygen states become more prominent. O(5S) and O(3S) are two states which are identified. XPS studies of the polyethylene surface reacted at high flow rates shows oxygen functionalities that are likely the result of an initiation by hydrogen abstraction. At low flow rates, the products suggest initiation by oxygen insertion. Thus, changes in flow rate can result in major changes to the polymer surface chemistry. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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