Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Purpose. The concept of Hydrophilic Sphere Stabilization, or Hydrophobic Shielding, has been postulated in the synthesis of biocompatible contrast agents in vascular imaging. To improve the safety of these polyiodinated agents, interactions with protein hydrophobic sites in biomacromolecules should be kept as low as possible. In order to evaluate the level of interactions with proteins, we have selected the serine proteinase Elastase, in presence of Iobitridol (Xenetix®), as a model. Methods. The complex between Iobitridol and Pancreatic Porcine Elastase was investigated by X-ray diffraction techniques, on saturated monocrystals, using the synchrotron radiation at 0.98Å. Results. In contrast to Iohexol, which displays several interactions including one in the active site, Iobitridol is unable to interact directly with elastase. Only one partially occupied site is found in between two molecules of the crystal packing. Conclusions. The validation of the 'hydrophobic shielding' concept, which was at the origin of the design of the Iobitridol molecule, has been proven to be an essential feature in minimizing in vivo protein interactions.
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