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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Kongress Medizin und Gesellschaft 2007; 20070917-20070921; Augsburg; DOC07gmds742 /20070906/
    Publication Date: 2007-09-07
    Keywords: HPV ; NMSC ; SCC ; BCC ; Hautkrebs ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; INFECTION ; RISK-FACTORS ; ASSOCIATION ; INDIVIDUALS ; glutathione-S-transferase ; E6 PROTEINS ; SEROPOSITIVITY ; BASAL-CELL ; UV-INDUCED APOPTOSIS
    Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is common worldwide and, in immunodeficient populations, may contribute to the pathogenesis of keratinocyte cancers, particularly squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). However, their role in SCC in the general population is less clear. We conducted a comprehensive analysis to investigate the independent effects of seropositivity for cutaneous alpha, beta and gamma HPV types on risk of SCC, and a meta-analysis of the available literature. In a population-based case-control study from New Hampshire, USA (n = 1,408), histologically confirmed SCC cases and controls were tested for L1 antibodies to alpha, beta and gamma cutaneous HPV types 2-5, 7-10, 15, 17, 20, 23, 24, 27b, 36, 38, 48-50, 57, 65, 75-77, 88, 92, 95, 96, 101, 103 and 107 using multiplex serology. An increasing risk of SCC with number of beta HPVs to which an individual tested positive was observed even among those seronegative for gamma types (p for trend = 0.016) with an odds ratio of 1.95 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.07-3.56) for four or more beta types positive. In a meta-analysis of six case-control studies, increased SCC risks in relation to beta HPV seropositivity were found across studies (meta odds ratio = 1.45, CI = 1.27-1.66). While the prevalence of gamma HPVs assayed was somewhat higher among SCC cases than controls, the association was only weakly evident among those seronegative for beta HPVs. Overall, the association between cutaneous HPVs and skin cancers appears to be specific to SCC and to genus beta HPVs in a general US population.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23536363
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  • 3
    Keywords: CANCER ; INFECTION ; glutathione-S-transferase ; EPIDERMODYSPLASIA-VERRUCIFORMIS ; ACTINIC KERATOSES ; E6 PROTEINS ; BASAL-CELL ; MICROARRAY PRIMER EXTENSION ; MULTIPLEX PCR ; UV-INDUCED APOPTOSIS
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may be a risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin. METHODS: To investigate the association between cutaneous HPV and SCC, a case-control study was conducted, including 173 SCC cases from a university dermatology clinic and 300 controls that screened negative for skin cancer. Serum antibodies against cutaneous HPV types in genera alpha, beta, gamma, mu, and nu were measured. Tumor tissue from 159 SCC cases was tested for the presence of DNA for genus-beta HPV types. Using logistic regression ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for the associations between SCC and cutaneous HPV infection, adjusting for age and sex. The Bonferroni method was used to account for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: SCC was positively associated with seropositivity to any genus-beta HPV type (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.23-3.02), particularly with types in species-1 (OR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.22-2.85). Type-specific associations with SCC were observed for HPV 8 (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.14-2.84), 17 (OR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.02-2.49) and HPV 10 from genus-alpha (OR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.04-4.85). None of the type-specific associations remained statistically significant after correction for multiple comparisons. When DNA-positive SCC cases were compared with controls, strong serologic associations were observed for HPVs 5 (OR, 3.48; 95% CI, 1.27-9.59), 17 (OR, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.29-8.72), and 24 (OR, 3.79; 95% CI, 1.24-11.5). CONCLUSION: Genus-beta HPV infections were associated with SCC in our study population. Impact: Identifying the role of cutaneous HPV infection in SCC may lead to improved characterization of high-risk individuals and the development of novel prevention strategies. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 21(8); 1303-13. (c)2012 AACR.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22707711
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  • 4
    Keywords: DIAGNOSIS ; PROTEINS ; RNA ; INFECTION ; NATIONWIDE ; PREVALENCE ; glutathione-S-transferase ; serology
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes hepatocellular carcinoma and is an important cause of mortality in both industrialized and developing countries. We developed a single-step high-throughput multiplex serology assay for HCV antibody detection and determined HCV prevalence in a highly endemic country. METHODS: Five proteins (Core, NS3, NS4A, NS5A, NS5B) each from the three most common subtypes of HCV (1a, 1b, 2a) were recombinantly expressed and used as antigens in a multiplexed antibody detection assay. Multiplex HCV serology was validated with 432 reference sera whose HCV status was established by commercial ELISA, Western blot, and RNA assays. HCV antibodies were determined in 1,023 sera representative for the adult female population of Mongolia. RESULTS: In reference sera, detection of HCV (mostly Core and NS3) antibodies by multiplex serology showed 100% sensitivity and 99.6% specificity, and was in very good agreement with the commercial diagnostic assays (kappa, 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.92-0.99). The role of antibodies to NS4 and NS5 remains to be evaluated. In Mongolia, overall HCV antibody prevalence was 18.9% (17.8% when age-standardized to the world population). HCV seroprevalence increased with age from 10% in women 〈30 years to 32% in women 〉/=50 years, but was not related to sexual risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The single-step high-throughput multiplex HCV serology assay performs similarly to conventional HCV antibody screening followed by secondary confirmation assays. A very high HCV seroprevalence was confirmed across all socio-economic groups in the female population of Mongolia. IMPACT: Multiplex HCV serology facilitates large seroepidemiologic studies of HCV infection.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26169147
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  • 5
    Abstract: Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare recessive genodermatosis characterized by high susceptibility to infections with human papillomaviruses (HPVs) of genus beta. Knowledge about seroreactivity against HPV in these patients and their first-degree relatives is scarce. Using multiplex serology, we analyzed antibodies to 38 HPV types from five genera in 32 EV patients, 22 first-degree relatives, and 64 and 44 age- and sex-matched, non-related, healthy controls, respectively. EV patients showed higher seroprevalences than non-related controls with statistically significant odds ratios (ORs) for 5 of 10 investigated alpha (OR range 6.9-21.3), all 16 beta (OR range 12.3-61.3), 3 of 9 gamma (OR range 6.4-11.7), and 1 of 2 micro HPVs (OR 5.8). In comparison to their relatives, antibodies in EV patients were significantly more prevalent for 4 of 16 beta HPVs (OR range 12.5-25.6), but for none of the other genera. A significantly increased seroprevalence in relatives compared with their controls was only seen for HPV 5 (OR 22.1). The considerably elevated HPV seroprevalence in EV patients, especially for beta papillomaviruses (PVs), reflects the high viral load described for these individuals. Whether the observed differences between relatives and healthy controls depend on heterozygosity for EV-associated alleles requires further investigation.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19924140
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  • 6
    Abstract: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The natural history of cutaneous HPV is unclear and in particular, seroprevalence among individuals with different levels of immune function and ethnicity is unknown. As part of a study of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and HPV among organ transplant recipients (OTR) from London, we investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors for 34 HPV types (detected using Luminex technology) among 409 OTR patients without skin cancer (243 Caucasians and 166 non-Caucasians), 367 individuals with end stage renal failure on dialysis (222 Caucasians and 145 non-Caucasians) and 152 immunocompetent (IC) individuals without skin cancer (102 Caucasians and 50 non-Caucasians) to compare the HPV seroprevalence in patients with differing immune status and ethnicity. In total, seroprevalence data from 928 individuals, all from London, was available. RESULTS: Overall, no difference between HPV seroprevalence by immune status was observed (P = 0.3) among Caucasian or among non-Caucasian individuals, with seroprevalence varying from 87% to 94% across different immune status and ethnic groups. Those individuals seropositive to multiple types of one genus were more likely to be seroreactive to multiple types of another genus, independent of immune status or ethnicity. Lower seroprevalence for gammaHPV 4, and to a lesser extent gammaHPV 48, were observed among OTR compared to IC and dialysis patients. Higher seroprevalence against antibodies to betaHPV 93 were detected more frequently in non-Caucasians than Caucasians whereas muHPV 1 and, to a lesser extent, gammaHPV 4 were found more frequently among Caucasians - these findings were independent of immune status. Within non-Caucasian subgroups, the seroprevalence of 8 HPV (alpha-mucosal HPV16 and 13, alpha-cutaneous HPV7 and 2, betaHPV8, 17, 23 and 38) was significantly (P 〈 0.02) higher in Black compared to Asian patients. HPV16 being sexually transmitted, this might suggest a potential sexual route of transmission for some beta HPV types. CONCLUSION: We did not observe major disturbance in antibody response between immunocompetent, dialysis and OTR individuals, but significant differences in HPV seroprevalence were identified according to ethnicity. Further research is needed to clarify the natural history of cutaneous HPV, particularly given the growing research interest in its possible role in the pathogenesis of cutaneous SCC.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19751501
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  • 7
    Abstract: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Despite intensive study of high-risk mucosal human papillomaviruses (HPV), little is known of the epidemiology of cutaneous HPV. As part of a study of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and HPV among organ transplant recipients (OTR) from London and Oxford, we investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors for 34 HPV types (detected using Luminex technology) among 425 Caucasian OTR without skin cancer. RESULTS: Overall, 86% of participants were seropositive to at least one HPV: 41% to mucosal alpha types, 33% to cutaneous alpha types, 57% to alpha types, 56% to beta, 47% to gamma types and 45% to other types (nu, mu, HPV101 and 103). In both centres, the most common types were HPV6 (33% and 26% for London and Oxford respectively), HPV8 (24% and 18%), HPV15 (26% and 29%), HPV17 (25% and 21%), HPV38 (23% and 21%), HPV49 (19% and 21%), HPV4 (27% and 23%), HPV65 (30% and 25%), HPV95 (22% and 20%), HPV1 (33% and 24%) and HPV63 (28% and 17%). The seroprevalence of 8 HPV types differed significantly (P 〈 0.05) between London and Oxford. Those individuals seropositive to multiple types of one genus were more likely to be seroreactive to multiple types of another genus. As expected, antibodies against mucosal alphaHPV types were more frequent in younger patients and among women. Sunbed use and sunbathing was associated with seropositivity to multiple gammaHPV (P-trend = 0.007) and self-history of abnormal smear was related to seroactivity to multiple betaHPV (P = 0.01). Skin type and other self reported markers of exposure to ultraviolet radiation were not consistently associated with any HPV types. No other distinguishing epidemiological features of transplant recipients with antibodies against single or multiple HPV types were identified. CONCLUSION: Findings for mucosal HPV types were in line with results from previous studies. We observed differences in HPV seroprevalence between organ transplant recipients from two geographically close centres but no clear risk factor was found associated with cutaneous HPV seropositivity among organ transplant recipients. These findings have implications for interpretation of future seroepidemiology studies addressing the association between HPV and cutaneous SCC in OTR populations.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19751499
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  • 8
    Keywords: DNA ; INFECTION ; antibodies ; BETA ; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA ; INDIVIDUALS ; PREVALENCE ; glutathione-S-transferase ; CUTANEOUS HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUSES ; SEROREACTIVITY
    Abstract: Cutaneous human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been associated with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in case-control studies, but there are limited data from prospective studies assessing whether virus exposure predicts risk of future cancer development. Two major biobanks, the Southern Sweden Microbiology Biobank (1971-2003) and the Janus Biobank (1973-2003) in Norway, containing samples from 850,000 donors, were searched for incident skin cancer for up to 30 years using registry linkages. Altogether, 2,623 donors with samples taken before diagnosis of SCC or basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin were identified. Prediagnostic samples and samples from 2,623 matched controls were tested for antibodies against 33 types of HPV. Baseline seropositivity to HPV types in genus beta species 2 was associated with SCC risk (odds ratio = 1.3, 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 1.7); this was also the case for samples taken more than 18 years before diagnosis (odds ratio = 1.8, 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 2.8). Type-specific persistent seropositivity entailed elevated point estimates for SCC risk for 29 HPV types and decreased point estimates for only 3 types. After multiple hypothesis adjustment, HPV 76 was significantly associated with SCC risk and HPV 9 with BCC risk. In summary, seropositivity for certain HPV types was associated with an increased risk for future development of SCC and BCC.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22419740
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  • 9
    Keywords: CANCER ; IRRADIATION ; RISK ; INFECTION ; KERATINOCYTES ; ASSOCIATION ; INDUCED APOPTOSIS ; glutathione-S-transferase ; ULTRAVIOLET-RADIATION ; HPV E6 PROTEINS
    Abstract: Background. Ultraviolet radiation exposure may interact synergistically with cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the development of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin. Methods. To investigate differences in the risk of sunlight-associated BCC and SCC by cutaneous genus-specific HPV serostatus, a case-control study was conducted among 204 BCC and 156 SCC cases who were recruited from a university dermatology clinic and 297 controls who had no history of cancer and screened negative for current skin cancer. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations between measures of sunlight exposure and BCC/SCC, stratified by genus-specific HPV serostatus, with adjustment for age and sex. Results. Sunburn due to cutaneous sensitivity to sunlight exposure (P = .006) and poor tanning ability (P = .003) were associated with a higher seroprevalence for genus beta HPV types. Poor or no tanning ability was more strongly associated with SCC among individuals who were seropositive for antibodies to cutaneous HPV types in genera alpha (OR, 15.60; 95% CI, 5.40-45.1; P = .01 for interaction) and beta (OR, 6.86; 95% CI, 3.68-12.80; P = .001 for interaction), compared with individuals who were seronegative for these HPV types. Conclusions. Seropositivity for HPV types in genera alpha or beta increased the risk of SCC associated with poor tanning ability.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22661119
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  • 10
    Keywords: CANCER ; POPULATION ; DNA ; HPV ; glutathione-S-transferase ; HIGH PREVALENCE ; ACTINIC KERATOSES ; IMMUNOCOMPETENT INDIVIDUALS ; PLUCKED EYEBROW HAIRS ; MICROARRAY PRIMER EXTENSION
    Abstract: Genus-beta human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA has been detected in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) tumors, but most epidemiologic studies have not observed associations between genus-beta HPV seropositivity and BCC. A clinic-based case-control study was conducted to investigate cutaneous HPV infection in BCC. BCC cases (n=224) were recruited from a dermatology clinic, and controls (n=300) were patients who were screened negative for skin cancer. Antibodies against cutaneous HPV types in genera alpha, beta, gamma, mu, and nu were measured, and tumors from a subset of BCC cases (n=195) were tested for HPV DNA. Overall associations were observed between BCC and seropositivity for HPV types in genus-alpha (odds ratio (OR)=1.61; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.11-2.35), gamma (OR=1.78; 95% CI=1.22-2.60), and mu (OR=1.56; 95% CI=1.06-2.30). BCC cases with beta-HPV DNA in their tumors were more likely to be beta-HPV seropositive than controls (OR=1.76; 95% CI=1.03-3.01), with type-specific associations observed for HPV8 and HPV23, whereas no association was observed between beta-HPV seropositivity and beta-HPV DNA-negative BCC. No concordance between seropositivity and tumor DNA status was observed for HPV types in genera alpha and gamma. In conclusion, the combined serology and tumor DNA results suggest that beta HPV types may have a role in BCC. Additional studies of BCC that assess HPV types in multiple genera are needed.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23303448
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