Key words Anther culture
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Two cycles of androgenetic in vitro doubled haploid (DH) plant production and intermating were implemented in an experimental synthetic population of maize. In vitro traits, including androgenetic embryo production, the regeneration potential and the frequency of spontaneous chromosome doubling, were studied. The success of the regenerated plants to self pollinate was also observed. Impressive genetic progress is reported for all the steps of the androgenetic process including seed set. Differential genetic progress is recorded according to the trait measured. Using a set of Mendelian and molecular markers that mapped to the different maize chromosomes, we were able to characterize the variation in the genetic variability in the population. Progress in the in vitro response was not found to be associated with any noticeable decline in global genetic variability. In addition, the QTL chromosomic regions tested, which were involved in androgenetic response, were not found to be subjected to a strong variation during the breeding experiment. Some phenotypical and morphological traits were also evaluated, and these showed that there was no depreciation effect in the agronomic value of the population. DH plant production and intermating the regenerated plants may be considered for the introduction and use of androgenesis in material which responds poorly.
Type of Medium: