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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie; 73. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 95. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 50. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20091021-20091024; Berlin; DOCWI59-980 /20091015/
    Publication Date: 2009-10-16
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA) und des Arbeitskreises zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ); 20150930-20151003; Leipzig; DOCP14-176 /20150831/
    Publication Date: 2015-09-01
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  63. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (JNS); 20120613-20120616; Leipzig; DOCSA.10.03 /20120604/
    Publication Date: 2012-06-05
    Keywords: hydrocephalus ; gravitational unit ; VP shunt ; Hydrocephalus ; Gravitationseinheit ; VP Shunt ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  59. Jahrestagung der Südwestdeutschen Gesellschaft für Urologie e.V. - Urologie im Südwesten: Innovation aus Tradition; 20180606-20180609; Offenburg; DOC18swdgu036 /20180605/
    Publication Date: 2018-06-05
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  55. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 1. Joint Meeting mit der Ungarischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie; 20040425-20040428; Köln; DOCP 12.123 /20040423/
    Publication Date: 2004-04-22
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA) und des Arbeitskreises zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ); 20150930-20151003; Leipzig; DOCP14-177 /20150831/
    Publication Date: 2015-09-01
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 7
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  61. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) im Rahmen der Neurowoche 2010; 20100921-20100925; Mannheim; DOCP1808 /20100916/
    Publication Date: 2010-09-17
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 8
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  GMS Journal for Medical Education; VOL: 34; DOC22 /20170515/
    Publication Date: 2017-05-15
    Description: Introduction: The German Council of Science and Humanities as well as a number of medical professional associations support the strengthening of scientific competences by developing longitudinal curricula for teaching scientific competences in the undergraduate medical education. The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) has also defined medical scientific skills as learning objectives in addition to the role of the scholar. The development of the Mannheim science curriculum started with a systematic inventory of the teaching of scientific competences in the Mannheim Reformed Curriculum of Medicine (MaReCuM). Methods: The inventory is based on the analysis of module profiles, teaching materials, surveys among experts, and verbatims from memory. Furthermore, science learning objectives were defined and prioritized, thus enabling the contents of the various courses to be assigned to the top three learning objectives. Results: The learning objectives systematic collection of information regarding the current state of research, critical assessment of scientific information and data sources, as well as presentation and discussion of the results of scientific studies are facilitated by various teaching courses from the first to the fifth year of undergraduate training. The review reveals a longitudinal science curriculum that has emerged implicitly. Future efforts must aim at eliminating redundancies and closing gaps; in addition, courses must be more closely aligned with each other, regarding both their contents and their timing, by means of a central coordination unit. Conclusion: The teaching of scientific thinking and working is a central component in the MaReCuM. The inventory and prioritization of science learning objectives form the basis for a structured ongoing development of the curriculum. An essential aspect here is the establishment of a central project team responsible for the planning, coordination, and review of these measures.
    Description: Zielsetzung: Die Stärkung wissenschaftlicher Kompetenzen, u.a. durch die Entwicklung von longitudinalen Curricula zur Vermittlung von wissenschaftlichen Kompetenzen im Medizinstudium, wird vom Wissenschaftsrat und von verschiedenen Fachgesellschaften gefordert. Im Nationalen Kompetenzbasierten Lernzielkatalog Medizin (NKLM) wurden, neben dem Gelehrten, medizinisch-wissenschaftliche Fertigkeiten als Lernziele definiert. Auf dem Weg zum Mannheimer Wissenschaftscurriculum wurde zunächst das Ziel einer systematischen Bestandsaufnahme der Lehre wissenschaftlicher Kompetenzen im MaReCuM (Mannheimer Reformiertes Curriculum für Medizin) verfolgt. Methodik: Die Bestandsaufnahme basierte auf der Analyse von Modulsteckbriefen, Lehrmaterialien, Expertenbefragungen und Gedächtnisprotokollen. Weiterhin wurden wissenschaftsorientierte Lernziele definiert und priorisiert, so dass die Inhalte der verschiedenen Lehrveranstaltungen den drei am höchsten priorisierten Lernzielen zugeordnet werden konnten. Ergebnisse: Die Lernziele der systematischen Gewinnung von Informationen zum Stand der Forschung, kritischen Bewertung von wissenschaftlichen Informationen und Quellen, der Präsentation und Diskussion von Ergebnissen wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen werden vom 1. bis 5. Studienjahr in verschiedenen Lehrveranstaltungen vermittelt. Es lässt sich ein longitudinales Wissenschaftscurriculum feststellen, welches implizit entstanden ist. In Zukunft müssen Redundanzen beseitigt und Lücken geschlossen sowie die Veranstaltungen inhaltlich und zeitlich mit Hilfe einer zentralen Koordination abgestimmt werden. Schlussfolgerung: Die Lehre des wissenschaftlichen Denkens und Arbeitens ist wesentlicher Bestandteil im MaReCuM. Die Bestandsaufnahme und die Priorisierung wissenschaftsorientierter Lernziele stellen die Basis für eine strukturierte Weiterentwicklung des Curriculums dar. Essentiell ist, dass eine zentrale Steuerungsgruppe diese Maßnahmen plant, koordiniert und überprüft.
    Keywords: Curriculum inventory ; longitudinal science curriculum ; training of scientific skills/competences ; Curriculare Bestandsaufnahme ; longitudinales Wissenschaftscurriculum ; Vermittlung wissenschaftlicher Fertigkeiten/ Kompetenzen ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: article
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  • 9
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA); 20140925-20140927; Hamburg; DOCP486 /20140911/
    Publication Date: 2014-09-12
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Activities (μmol x min−1 x g liver) and zonal distributions of key enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism were studied in livers of streptozotocin-diabetic rats and compared to the values in alloxan-diabetes. 1. Streptozotocin led to a non-ketotic diabetes with blood glucose being increased by more than fivefold but ketone bodies being in the normal range, while alloxan produced a ketotic diabetes with blood glucose, acetoacetate and β-hydroxybutyrate being elevated by more than fivefold. 2. Portal insulin was decreased to about 20% in streptozotocin- and more drastically to about 7% in alloxan-diabetes. Conversely, portal glucagon was increased in the two states to about 250% and 180%, respectively. 3. The glucogenic key enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) was enhanced in streptozotocinand alloxan-diabetes to over 300%, while the glycolytic pyruvate kinase L (PKL) was lowered to 65% and 80%, respectively. The normal periportal to perivenous gradient of PEPCK of about 3:1, as measured in microdissected tissue samples, was maintained with elevated activities in the two zones. The normal periportal to perivenous gradient of PKL of 1:1.7 was diminished with lowered activities in the two zones. 4. The glucogenic glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) was increased in streptozotocin- and alloxan-diabetes to 130% and 140%, respectively, while the glucose utilizing glucokinase (GK) was decreased to 60% and 50%, respectively. The normal periportal to perivenous gradient of G6Pase, demonstrated histochemically, remained unaffected. 5. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) was increased to over 190% and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) was decreased to 60% in streptozotocin, non-ketotic diabetes, while the two enzymes were altered more drastically to 400% and 50%, respectively, in alloxan, ketotic diabetes. The results indicate that both in the ketotic and nonketotic diabetic state the gluconeogenic capacity of the liver was increased mainly in the periportal zone and the glycolytic capacity was decreased mainly in the perivenous area. In both types of diabetes the glucostat function of the liver with its typical reciprocal zonal distribution of glucogenic and glycolytic enzymes was not lost, but only impaired owing to shifts of the enzyme levels in the periportal and perivenous zone. This quantitative rather than qualitative alteration would be in accord with the requirement for the liver persisting in both non-ketotic and ketotic diabetes to handle excess nutritional glucose at least in part.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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