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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Uteroglobin, a secretory protein of rabbit uterine epithelium, was localized by the direct immunoperoxidase method in control and hCG-induced pseudopregnant rabbits. In control rabbits, uteroglobin was confined to the apical cytoplasm of nearly all cells of the endometrial epithelium. The induction of pseudopregnancy resulted in a pronounced continuing increase, through 4 days post-hCG administration, in the absolute number of epithelial cells engaged in uteroglobin synthesis. Furthermore, the endoplasmic reticulum was more intensely stained for uteroglobin than in the epithelial cells of control rabbit endometrium. Thus, the increased production of uteroglobin, in response to hormonal stimulation, appears to be achieved both through an increase in the amount of uteroglobin synthesized by a given cell as well as by an increase in the number of cells involved in uteroglobin synthesis. Concurrent with the increase in the number of cells synthesizing uteroglobin, an increase in the number of unstained cells first appeared at the second day of pseudopregnancy, during the period of maximal epithelial proliferation. However, within those cells containing uteroglobin on the second day following injection with hCG, most staining was limited to the perinuclear membrane. At various times following hCG administration, a number of scattered cells, intensely stained for uteroglobin, were observed in the uterine epithelium. Based upon ultrastructural studies, failure to exclude trypan blue, and the presence of intra-mitochondrial uteroglobin, they were identified as cither dead or dying cells.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Near threshold photoproduction ofη-mesons from the proton has been measured at the MAMI accelerator with the TAPS spectrometer. The mass of theη-meson was deduced from the threshold energy forη-photoproduction. The result of m η =(547.12 ± 0.06 ± 0.25) MeV supports the low value of theη-mass reported from a dp →3Heη measurement at SATURNE in 1992. Theη-decay branching ratio Γ3π0/Γγγ was measured to be (0.832±0.005±0.012).
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 25.20.Dc ; 25.85.Jg ; 27.90.+b
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The total photofission cross section σγ,F for235U and238U has been measured in the energy range 50≤E γ≤800 MeV at the 855 MeV Mainz Microtron MAMI using energy and time tagged photons (Glasgow Tagger) and a 4π arrangement of position sensitive fragment detectors. Besides the absolute photofission cross section σγF , which almost completely exhausts the total photon absorption cross section for these nuclei, fragment mass distributions in this energy domain were determined via time of flight techniques (TOF). The results for the total photofission cross sections σγ,F normalized to the atomic numberA for both isotopes coincide, and agree in theΔ-resonance region, within the systematic errors, with the socalled“Universal Curve” σγ,T /A of the total photon absorption cross section σγ,T . At higher energies the cross sections exhibit a smooth behaviour. In particular, it is shown for the first time that there isno resonance-like shape near the D13 resonance (at ≈710 MeV) as observed for the free proton. This complete suppression of the D13 resonance in complex nuclei is not yet understood on a microscopic level. The fragment mass distributions show a predominantly mass symmetric fission. However, contributions from mass asymmetric fission at some photon energies may give a hint of an increased mass asymmetric fission after the onset of the pion and two pion channels.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Protoplasma 77 (1973), S. 331-341 
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Features of the cytology and ultrastructure of the life cycle ofAcetabularia mediterranea from events leading to the division of the primary nucleus to cysts formation are described. In agreement with the work ofBoloukhère (1969, 1970, 1972) the loss of the ramiform primary nucleolus, and striking changes in the rhizoid chloroplasts are observed. The development of the secondary nuclei, and their associated basophilic aggregates, the presence of cytoplasmic microtubules, and the process of cytoplasmic cleavage are described and discussed. Golgi bodies appear to be involved in cell wall synthesis.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Protoplasma 77 (1973), S. 313-329 
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The portion of the life cycle ofAcetabularia mediterranea from cyst formation to gamete release is described. During maturation, the cyst nucleus undergoes a series of mitoses in which the nuclear membrane remains intact, and the spindle microtubules are confined to the intranuclear space. There is a dark requirement for the completion of cyst maturation at the end of which the nuclei are in groups and centrioles are present. The final migration of the nuclei, cleavage of the cytoplasm into gametes, and the development of flagella is cxtremely rapid, taking six to twelve hours. Cysts which fail to germinate are blocked at a late stage in the maturation process, either before or after the final nuclear division. The observations are related to mitosis in other green algae (Chlorophyceae) and to gametogenesis inBryopsis hypnoides. Changes in the amount and distribution of heterochromatin in the nuclei are discussed in relation to the life cycle ofA. mediterranea.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford [u.a.] : International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
    Acta crystallographica 54 (1998), S. 709-710 
    ISSN: 1600-5759
    Source: Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Physics
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford [u.a.] : International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
    Acta crystallographica 55 (1999), S. 483-485 
    ISSN: 1600-5759
    Source: Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Physics
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food quality 9 (1986), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1745-4557
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Subcutaneous and intramuscular lipids from feedlot-and grass-fed ewes were studied to determine if diet would influence fatty acid composition of these older animals. Subcutaneous lipid of ewes from the feedlot-fed group contained more 4-methyl branched acids, less iso and anteiso branched acids, less stearic acid and more octadecenoic acid than grass-fed ewes. Only small amounts of medium chain acids (10–15 carbons) were noted in longissimus muscle lipids from both dietary groups and essentially all of them were in the triglycerides. Lipids in longissimus muscle of feedlot ewes contained more monounsaturated and less polyunsaturated acids and this was due to higher levels of triglycerides in longissimus lipid of feedlot-fed ewes. Approximately three times as much high melting stearic acid was present in subcutaneous lipid of both dietary groups of ewes as has been noted in subcutaneous lipid of lambs. Reduction of high melting stearic acid in mutton fat by a short grain feeding period should make mutton more acceptable.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1745-4557
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The relationship of 20 fatty acids and carcass quality characteristics to meat flavor in lamb was studied. Subcutaneous fat samples obtained from 64 lamb carcasses were analyzed for fatty acid composition. A taste panel evaluated flavor of a ground lean-fat mixture of meat. Flavor was most highly correlated with amounts of fatty acids 18:1 and 18:3 (r =—0.33 and r = 0.33, respectively). The remaining fatty acids were not associated with flavor. Quality grade, carcass weight, fat softness, maturity and fat color were not associated with lamb flavor. Carcass softness was not associated with quality grades. Greater quantities of 17:0, 18:1, and 18:2 were associated with increased carcass fatness.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Influence of mechanically separated lamb (MSL), NaCl level, processing conditions and extenders on composition and quality of 72 chunked and formed lamb roasts were evaluated. Roasts with 0.5% NaCl had significantly (P〈0.05) lower juiciness and flavor scores than roasts containing 1.0-2.0% NaCl. Muscle chunk separation was more extensive and Instron breaking strength values were lower at the 0.5% NaCl level. Roasts containing 30% MSL were more tender and juicy than roasts containing 10% MSL and they had less cook loss. Soy-extended roasts had less desirable juiciness, flavor and texture scores and were lower in fat and lighter in color than control roasts or roasts containing dried skim milk. All roast formulations had TBA values below 1.0.
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