Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary To gain insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying neurogenesis in adult mouse olfactory bulb, several adhesion molecules expressed by glial cells and neurons were investigated. In the germinal zone of the olfactory bulb, the subependymal layer of the rostral region of the lateral ventricles, two adhesion molecules are detectable that are characteristic of early morphogenetic events: J1/tenascin and the polysialylated form, the so-called embryonic form, of N-CAM. The polysialylated form of N-CAM is expressed by most cells in the subependymal layer, and by some astrocytes and neurons in the granular layer adjacent to the subependymal layer. This suggests that bipotential precursor cells retain expression of the embryonic form during their migration from the subependymal layer and during the first stages of differentiation into neurons and glia. Expression of the polysialylated form of N-CAM is also retained in monolayer cultures of six-day-old olfactory bulbs, 55 days after seedingin vitro. J1/tenascin was detectable in the subependymal layer using two monoclonal antibodies. The immunostaining pattern was different between the two antibodies and more restricted to the subependymal layer than when staining with polyclonal J1 antibodies was performed, indicating that J1/tenascin exists in distinct isoforms. Finally, our observations suggest that, in the adult olfactory bulb, L1 is not only a neuron-neuron adhesion molecule, but it may also be involved in neuron-glia interactions, since it is found at contact sites between these two cell types. L1, therefore, may be a neuron-glia adhesion molecule in some parts of the CNS, while it is not in others.
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