Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Investigations were carried out on the intracellular fate of formaldehyde treated bovine serum albumin (F-BSA), in liver non-parenchymal cells. This paper reports the observations and results obtained by us. The first part of our work involved the injecting of the compound into either a) normal rats, b) rats injected with Triton WR 1339 or c) rats treated with mannan. Fractions obtained after differential and isopycnic centrifugation in sucrose gradients, were analysed by SDS-gel electrophoresis and fluorography. The degradation takes place in a two step process. The molecule is first split into radiolabeled compounds that are still acid precipitable. This is followed by the appearance of acid soluble radioactive molecules. In a sucrose gradient the first kind of degradation products exhibit a distribution totally different from that of acid soluble degradation compounds. In the second part of our experiments, fairly pure fractions of the organelles, known to be involved in the endocytic pathway i.e. endosomes, transfer lysosomes and accumulation lysosomes (marked by the presence of either Triton WR 1339 or mannan) were isolated and incubated with [125I]-F-BSA. These experiments revealed that endosomes, isolated by us, are incapable of degradation. Accumulation lysosomes arising exclusively from liver non-parenchymal cells (in which mannan had accumulated) though rich in certain hydrolases eg. arylsulfatase did not have an efficient proteolytic machinery. Our results, both fromin vivo andin vitro studies, suggest that the first degradation step occurs in one type of structure (probably not endosomes), a sort of hybrid endosome-lysosome (as they are not affected by glycyl-l-phenyl-2-napthylamide ) and the second step in a different type of lysosomes, what we have designated transfer lysosomes.
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