Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Morphological effects of a neurotoxin, β,β′-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) were analyzed in normal and cogenitally neurofilament (NF)-deficient Japanese quails. These quails (6 weeks old) were injected intraperitoneally with IDPN (0.2 g/kg body weight) three times every 3 days. They were necropsied at 10 to 12 days after the first injection. In normal quails, axonal swellings were observed histologically in the ventral motoneurons, ventral root, commissura grisea and spinal ganglion in the cervical and synsacral spinal cord. Electron microscopically, the changes consisted of increased NFs, with scattered mitochondria, smooth endoplasmic reticulum and microtubules. The myelin sheaths of the involved nerves were thinner than those of the normal axons. These lesions were similar to those induced by IDPN intoxication in mammalian experimental animals. In NF-deficient quails injected with IDPN, no axonal changes were detected. These findings suggested that IDPN selectively attacked the NFs.
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