Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We have studied the physiological and morphological features of 17 isolates ofParacoccidioides brasiliensis in order to define their phenotypes. The isolates were cultured at room temperature on potato dextrose agar (PDA, Difco) slants for mycelial growth and in 1% dextrose brain heart infusion agar (BHIA, Difco) at 37°C for the study of yeast forms. Most mycelial and yeast forms grew well between pH 5.6–9.4. In their response to osmotic pressure the isolates were separated in three groups: intolerant, intermediate and tolerant. They also varied in carbohydrate assimilation tests, which indicated important metabolic variation. No clear differences were observed in phenol oxidase tests, KNO3, starch, casein and arbutin assimilation tests. Only 1 of the isolates, Bt-19, had gelatinase activity. No correlation was observed between the above differences and virulence. Two patterns of growth were observed in the mycelial cultures, glabrous and cottonous, the latter being correlated with increased virulence for ddY mice. Most yeast forms grew as cerebriform colonies, but Pb-HC and Bt-19 colonies had a cobblestone-like surface.
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