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  • 1
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The importance of the hybridization displacement charge (HDC) in describing molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) maps was demonstrated by studying six molecules; pyrazine N-oxide, para-nitropyridine, 5-nitropyrimidine, 3-nitropyridazine, N2, and N2O. It is shown that continuously distributed HDC-corrected Löwdin charges reproduce the MEP features of these molecules, most of which have competing electrophilic sites, in agreement with ab initio results. Further, it is found that for homonuclear diatomic molecules MEP minima can be located properly using HDC-corrected Löwdin (or HDC-corrected Mulliken) continuously distributed charges, but these features cannot be obtained using the conventional Löwdin (or Mulliken) charges. It was shown that the order of molecular electric field (MEF) values near the different electrophilic sites becomes changed when one moves away from the molecules. Thus, pyridine-type nitrogen atoms are the preferred binding sites close to the molecules, while at large distances, effects of oxygen atoms of the NO groups become dominant. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: hybridization displacement charge ; transferability of properties ; Chemistry ; Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) maps and MEP-derived charges for certain molecules were studied by the ab initio approach using the 6-31G basis set. These results were used to obtain the parameters (K and ζ) for fluorine, sulfur, and chlorine required for the hybridization displacement charge (HDC) calculations employing the MNDO and AMI methods. The HDC combined with Löwdin charges, distributed continuously in three-dimension spherically and symmetrically, were shown to reproduce ab initio MEP features of molecules fairly well. This method of computing the MEP was applied to two molecules of pharmacological importance, namely, dimaprit and mustard gas. It is shown by studying the cis and trans forms of two amino acids that transferability of the MEP is appreciably less acceptable than that of charges in going from one conformation to the other.   © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Quant Chem 66: 149-156, 1998
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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