Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Call number: YY Diss Momb/Mag
    Keywords: DKFZ-publications / academic dissertations
    Pages: 67 p.
    Signatur Availability
    YY Diss Momb/Mag departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0169-4332
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Key words AIDS ; Extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ; Cardiac involvement ; Liver involvement
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  We report a case of secondary heart involvement in AIDS-related primary lymphoma of the liver. A worsening dyspnea led to the diagnosis of pericardial effusion, and transesophageal echocardiography revealed the presence of large endocardial ventricular masses. Clinical suspicion of a lymphomatous origin was confirmed at the autopsy, which showed an extranodal dissemination pattern (heart, liver, intestine, and lung). In AIDS patients, both primary and secondary lymphomatous heart involvement are increasing in incidence. Clinical symptoms and signs are vague. Since the hematogenous route is the most common pattern of involvement, even extrathoracic lymphomas can present heart dissemination. Thus, it should be suspected in lymphoma patients who present with even mild aspecific heart symptoms. Appropriate imaging procedures include transesophageal echocardiography and, if possible, ECG-gated MRI. A negative transthoracic echocardiograph does not exclude the presence of myocardial tumor. Chemotherapy is only occasionally beneficial, and the prognosis remains poor.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of antimicrobial treatment of peri-implant infections associated with a periodontitis-like subgingival microbiota. Nine partially or fully edentulous patients with titanium hollow cylinder implants were selected which showed loss of bone and probing depths ≥ 5 mm on one or several implants after at least 6 months following installation. They also yielded subgingival microbial samples with ≥ 106 CFU/ml, including ≥ 20% gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, The treatment included mechanical cleaning, irrigation of all peri-implant pockets 〉 3 mm with 0.5% chlorhexidine and systemic antimicrobial therapy (1000 mg ornidazole for 10 consecutive days). After therapy, bleeding scores decreased immediately and, over a one-year observation period, remained significantly lower than before treatment. A significant gradual reduction in mean probing depths was detected over this one-year period; only one case showed no improvement of local probing depth. Microbiological parameters indicated an instantaneous quantitative and qualitative change following treatment. Subsequently, several of these parameters tended to shift back towards pre-treatment values. In the second half of the observation period, however. this tendency was reversed, and levels significantly different from baseline were eventually established. This study demonstrated that treatment aiming at reducing the subgingival bacterial mass and suppressing the anaerobic segment had a beneficial effect in patients suffering from peri-implantitis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aims of this study were to compare clinical and microbiological features in the peri-implant area of implants carrying either screw retained or cemented suprastructures, and to investigate the relationship between the peri-implant microflora, the microbiota on the inner surface of removable suprastructures, and the periodontal microflora within the same subject. In 15 partially edentulous patients with ITI® implants used as abutments for crown and bridge reconstructions, microbial samples were taken i) from the deepest periodontal pocket of each quadrant, ii) from the sulcus of the implants and iii) from the internal surface of the screw retained suprastructures. The samples were cultured using continuous anaerobic techniques. Five patients were found with both screw retained (S) and cemented (C) suprastructures. In these subjects the mean total cultivable counts were significantly higher in peri-implant samples from group C than in samples from group S. Furthermore, peri-implant samples of group S yielded a higher proportion of coccoid cells in the darkfield microscope and demonstrated absence of large spirochetes. From the 15 patients, Porphyromas gingivalis was detected in 10% of the periodontal samples and in only one peri-implant sample. Prevotella intermedia was detected in 33% of the periodontal and in 30%% of the peri-implant samples. Fusobacterium spp. had a prevalence of 58% in the periodontal samples and was recovered from 50% of the peri-implant samples. Actinobncillus actinomycetemcomitans was not detected in any dental or peri-implant sample. In 1 case, however, the organism was recovered from the internal surface of the suprastructure. Linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship between the frequency of micro-organisms in peri-implant samples of group S and in samples from the inner surface of the suprastructure. Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between the incidence of micro-organisms in dental samples and i) in peri-implant samples of group S and iirpar; in samples from the internal suprastructure surface. These findings indicate, that the microbial leakage through the gap between the suprastructure and the abutment plays an important role in the bacterial colonization of the internal part of screw retained crowns and bridges. The study furthermore confirms the impact of the dental microflora on the microbial colonization of implants. This factor appears to be more important than the mode of fixation of the suprastructure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The aim of this investigation was to determine the presence of selected enzymes and enzyme inhibitors in crevicular fluid collected from implants with and without clinical, radiographic and microbiological signs of periimplantitis. Eleven implants with symptoms of periimplantitis in eight patients (four men and four women) were compared to eleven implants in seven subjects (one man and six women) without periimplantitis. Periimplant crevicular fluid (PICF) was collected at the mesial and distal sites of each implant. Alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) was measured by using p-nitrophenyl-phosphate as substrate, elastase activity (EA) by the use of a low molecular weight fluorogenic substrate, and the inhibitor α2-macroglobulin (α2M) by ELISA. ALP, EA and α2M were detected in the majority of samples in both groups. In comparison to the clinically healthy implants, total amounts of each of these substances were significantly higher in PICF collected around implants with periimplantitis. The mean total amounts of EA, α2M and ALP in the healthy group were: EA: 1.8 ng, α2M: 3.1 ng, ALP: 24.1 U, and in the periimplantitis group EA: 23.1 ng, α2M: 25.2 ng and ALP: 142.3 U. In addition, all three mediators were correlated with the clinical parameters. The results confirm the similarity of the inflammatory response of tissues surrounding implants and natural teeth, and suggest that ALP and EA could be promising markers of bone loss around dental implants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, microbiological and radiological effects of peri-implantitis therapy by local delivery of tetracycline. In 25 partially edentulous patients, 30 implants with radiographic evidence of circumferential bone loss, and peri-implant probing depths ≥5 mm were treated with polymeric tetracycline HCl-containing fibers. Clinical and microbial parameters were recorded at baseline, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months (M) after treatment. Standardized radiographs were obtained at baseline, M3, and one year after treatment. Two patients were discontinued from the study after 180 days because of persisting active peri-implantitis with pus formation. The remaining subjects showed a significant decrease of mean peri-implant probing depth from 6.0 to 4.1 mm (M1, P〈0.001), which was maintained over 12 months. In comparison to baseline, the bleeding tendency was significantly reduced after one month, and thereafter (P〈0.001). No significant recession of the mucosal margin was noted. The radiologically determined distance from the shoulder of the implant to the bottom of the bony defect decreased slightly, but not significantly, from 5.2 to 4.9 mm. At M1, M3 and M6, mean total anaerobic cultivable bacterial counts were significantly lower than at baseline (P〈0.001). A significant decrease in frequency of detection was noted for Prevotella intermedia/nigrescens, Fusobacterium sp., Bacteroides forsythus, and Campylobacter rectus (P〈0.01). Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Eikenella corrodens had very low baseline frequencies that could not be significantly suppressed further.In conclusion, therapy of peri-implantitis by local delivery of tetracycline had a positive effect on clinical and microbiological parameters.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: An increasing number of studies point to the detrimental effect of plaque bacteria on periimplant tissue health. The purpose of this retrospective study was to explore a possible relationship between the clinical and microbiological periimplant conditions of osseointegrated oral implants after several years of service and the dental and medical history, as well as the conditions of the residual dentition. 45 partially edentulous patients (mean age: 51 years, range: 27–83 years), with a total of 64 implants participated in this retrospective analysis. The time between examination and the last dental visit ranged from 6 to 24 months (mean: 13 months) and the time since the last maintenance therapy appointment with a dental hygienist ranged between 3 and 24 months (mean 7 months). During 5 to 10 years between implant installation and examination, 9 implants experienced one episode and an additional 6 implants two episodes of periimplantitis. As a consequence of extensive bone loss associated with these infections, one of these implants, in a patient who had a history of diabetes, was lost. With this exception, the other episodes of periimplantitis were successfully treated employing the principles of the Cumulative Interceptive Supportive Therapy (CIST) protocol. At examination, 42 implants (66%) showed a probing pocket depth exceeding 4 mm. Of the periimplantitis sites, four implants showed cultural evidence for presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, and 2 implants were positive for Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Statistical analysis revealed a significant relationship between periimplant probing depth and the total anaerobic cultivable microbiota as well as the frequency of detection of P. gingivalis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of black-pigmenting Gram-negative bacteria in the dentition of 10 adult periodontitis patients before and after treatment by local delivery of tetracycline. The subjects were selected based on a screening for high counts of Porphyramonas gingivalis and multiple deep pockets. Subgingival microbial samples were taken from the mesial and distal aspect of every tooth (44 to 56 sites per patient) before treatment, and after one and two months. Therapy included full mouth scaling and root planing, chlorhexidine mouth rinsing and placement of tetracycline HCI fibers (Actisite®) on all teeth. 63.4% of 524 baseline samples yielded total anaerobic viable counts 2106 CFU/ml: P. gingivalis was found in 59.2% and Prevotella intermedia in 56.9%. One month after treatment, the % of samples with 〈inlineGraphic alt="geqslant R: gt-or-equal, slanted" extraInfo="nonStandardEntity" href="urn:x-wiley:03036979:JCPE906:ges" location="ges.gif"/〉106 CPU/ml was reduced to 9.4%, 5.3% were P. gingivalisand 5.1%P. intermedia-positive. After 2 months, 9.6% samples yielded 106 CFU/ml, 5.2% were P. gingivalisand 9.4% P. intermedia- ositive. 20 of the 39 sites with a persistence of P. gingivalis were located on second molars. Logistic regression models were utilized to explain the persistence of P. gingivalis, using site location and other clinical parameters as indepedent variables. These analyses indicated a strong association of site location, pocket depth and bleeding on sampling with persistence of P. gingivalis. The study shows that local delivery of tetracycline is highly effective in reducing the prevalence and proportions of black-pigmenting anaerobes within a dentition. Bleeding deep pockets of second molars have an increased risk for persistence of these anaerobes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the oral clinical and microbiological status of young adults 6 years after puberty and to compare these findings with the conditions observed during puberty. Clinical and microbiological parameters were monitored in 42 individuals 10 × between the ages of 11 and 14 years. 33 individuals were re-examined 10 years after the start of this monitoring. Microbiology included 2 subgingival samples per subject taken from the mesiobuccal aspects of the upper 1st molars. The samples were subject to continuous anaerobic culturing. Individuals with a marked and sustained increase in mean papillary bleeding scores during puberty (group A, n=16) differed 6 years later from individuals without pronounced puberty gingivitis (group C, n=8) in several aspects. Individuals in group A had a significantly higher gingival bleeding tendency and an increased number of sites with more than 3 mm attachment loss. The subjects in group C showed the lowest anaerobic total cultivable counts. Spirochetes were detected only in group A subjects (4 samples in 3 individuals). In all positive sites, spirochetes had been identified at least 8 out of 10 times during puberty. A. actinomycetemcomitans was present in only one individual of group A. P. gingivalis had not been detected during puberty; none of the samples were P. gingivalis positive 6 years later. P. intermedia was found in 27% of all samples, isolates belonging to the P. melaninogenica group of black pigmenting anaerobes had a frequency of 6%, 6 years after puberty. These organisms were not significantly associated with a history of puberty gingivitis. This prospective study shows a relationship between the presence of puberty gingivitis and periodontal and microbiological conditions 6 years after puberty.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...