Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: [3H]Neurokinin B ([3H]NKB) of high specific activity (75 Ci/mmol) was synthesized for study of its binding to crude synaptosomes from the rat cerebral cortex. The specific binding of [3H]NKB (75% of total binding) was temperature dependent, saturable, and reversible. Scatchard analyses and Hill plots showed the existence of a single population of noninteracting binding sites (KD= 4.3 nM; Bmax= 123 fmol/mg of protein). Competition studies indicated the following rank order of potencies among tachykinins: NKB 〉 eledoisin (E) 〉 kassinin 〉 physalaemin 〉 neurokinin A (NKA) 〉 substance P (SP), a result suggesting that NKB might be the endogenous ligand for [3H]NKB binding sites. It is of interest that 127I-Bolton Hunter (BH) NKA (127I-BHNKA) was much more potent than NKA in inhibiting the specific binding of [3H]NKB, which raises certain questions concerning the use of 125I-BHNKA as a Iigand for NKA binding sites in the brain. These results, as well as those obtained with different SP analogues, show a close similarity to those obtained previously with 125I-BHE binding to cortical synaptosomes. This suggested that the two ligands labeled identical binding sites. In addition, using either [3H]NKB or 125I-BHE as ligands, similar displacement curves were obtained with increasing concentrations of NKB and 127I-BHE. The similarity of the [3H]NKB and 125I-BHE binding sites was further confirmed by comparison of their localization on rat brain sections by autoradiography. The distribution of binding sites for [3H]NKB and 125I-BHE was identical throughout the brain, and the highest density of binding sites for the two ligands was found in layers IV and V of the cerebral cortex, the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (magnocellular part), and the ventral tegmental area.
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