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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Key words HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis ; Inflammatory infiltration ; Brain lesion ; Slow blood flow ; Pathogenesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Although brain lesions have been described in some cases with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), little is known about the nature of brain lesion and its relation to the spinal cord lesion. In the present study, we performed histopathological analysis of the brain and the spinal cord of four autopsied cases with HAM/TSP to clarify the relationship between the brain and the spinal cord lesions. In two cases with active-chronic inflammation in the spinal cord, perivascular inflammatory infiltration was also seen in the brain, and the composition of cell subsets was similar both in the spinal cord and in the brain. No active inflammatory change was seen in the brain in two cases with inactive-chronic spinal cord lesions. Inflamed vessels were distributed mainly in the deep white matter and in the area between cerebral cortex and white matter of the brain. In the spinal cord inflamed vessels were mainly seen in the bilateral lateral and the ventral posterior columns. Parenchymal infiltration was diffused in the spinal cord but very sparse in the brain, suggesting the importance of parenchymal infiltration in the destruction of tissues. These results suggest that inflammatory changes occurred simultaneously in the spinal cord and in the brain, and that distribution of inflamed vessels closely correlated with the characteristics of vascular architecture of the brain and the spinal cord, which lead to a slow blood flow. This study may help promote a better understanding of the pathogenesis of HAM/TSP.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Key words Immunohistochemistry ; Polymerase chain ; reaction in situ hybridization ; HTLV-I-associated ; myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis ; Double ; staining ; Fresh frozen sections
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract HTLV-I-infected cells play an important role in pathogenesis HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Our previous studies of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ PCR suggested that T cells infiltrating in the spinal cord lesion were infected with HTLV-I. To elucidate the localization of HTLV-I proviral DNA directly, we performed double staining using immunohistochemistry and PCR in situ hybridization (PCR-ISH). Fresh frozen sections of the spinal cord from four HAM patients taken at autopsy were first immunostained with antibodies to pan T cells (UCHL-1), macrophages (KP-1) and helper/inducer T cells (OPD4). Then PCR-ISH was carried out with specific primers and probe for the HTLV-I pX region. UCHL-1-positive cells were noted around perivascular areas and, to some extent, in the parenchyma. Of the UCHL-1-positive cells, 9.4% (case 1), 9.6% (case 2), 1.1% (case 3) and 6.7% (case 4) became positive in HTLV-I PCR-ISH. UCHL-1-negative cells were HTLV-I PCR-ISH negative and almost all KP-1-positive cells were HTLV-I negative. HTLV-I was localized to OPD4-positive cells in examined lesions of cases 2 and 4. These data are a direct demonstration of HTLV-I proviral DNA localizing to infiltrated T cells in HAM/ TSP spinal cord lesions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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