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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The ferritin-encoding gene (cft) of Campylobacter jejuni was cloned and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence of cft had a 501 bp open reading frame for a protein with 167 amino acids and a predicted molecular mass of 19180 Da, and showed a high similarity to that of Helicobacter pylori and Escherichia coli ferritin genes. To determine the biological function of ferritin in C. jejuni, a ferritin-deficient mutant was constructed. The growth of ferritin-deficient strain SNA1 was clearly inhibited under iron deprivation. The ferritin-deficient mutant was more sensitive to killing by H2O2 and paraquat than the isogenic parent strain. These findings demonstrate that ferritin in C. jejuni makes a significant contribution to both iron storage and protection from intracellular iron overload, and resulting iron-mediated oxidative stress.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Key wordsCampylobacter fetus ; sapA Homologues ; Promoter ; Chi sequence ; Antigenic variation ; Surface layer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The surface array protein (SAP) of Campylobacter fetus strain TK is encoded by seven homologous sapA genes clustered on the chromosomal DNA. The spontaneously arising variant strain TK(SAP–) produces no SAP and carries an approximately 10-kb chromosomal deletion. To elucidate the mechanism underlying the loss of SAP synthesis, we analyzed the region containing the sapA homologues and the deletion. We constructed a physical map of the sapA cluster region by aligning the clones that contain sapA homologues. These analyses demonstrated that all sapA homologues were located within a limited region of about 50 kb of chromosomal DNA of strain TK. The TK(SAP–) deletion was located within this cluster and was 13.3 kb in size. The deletion occurred between two sapA homologues and resulted in the formation of a chimeric sapA homologue in the variant strain. Sequence analysis of the upstream regions and the conserved regions of all sapA homologues revealed a high degree of similarity. However, only one sapA homologue contained a putative promoter sequence. This promoter sequence was located in the deleted region. Thus, the deletion of the promoter appears to be responsible for the loss of SAP expression in TK(SAP–).
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Key wordsCampylobacter fetus ; sapA ; Conserved ; region ; S-layer ; Pulsed field gel electrophoresis ; Southern blot ; Strain typing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Chromosomal DNA of 27 strains of Campylobacter fetus was analyzed by Southern blotting with a probe of the conserved region of sapA. The probe hybridized with 23 strains that produced type A lipopolysaccharide. These strains had more than six sapA homologs. In Southern blots of SalI-digested chromosomal DNA separated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, one fragment from 19 strains and two fragments from 4 strains hybridized. These data indicate that multiple sapA homologs are localized to a limited region on the chromosomal DNA of C. fetus and thus suggest the possibility of developing a typing system using this method.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Vibrio cholerae strain TSI-4 was incubated in an M9 salt solution at 15 °C for more than 100 days. The plate counts showed no viable cells on day 30, but a broth culture from that day showed the growth of bacteria. However, after 35 days the bacteria entered the nonculturable state, based on the assessment of both the plate counts and broth culture. A portion of the culture was heated at 45 °C for 1 min in a water bath and subsequently plated onto a nutrient agar plate. More than 1000 colonies were recovered after this heat-shock treatment. The recovered cells showed the same chromosomal DNA pattern in the restriction map and the same outer membrane protein pattern in SDS-PAGE. Recovery of viable cells by heat-shock was achieved in cultures grown on M9 salt but not from cultures grown in phosphate-buffered saline. This suggests that the presence of NH4Cl in the M9 salt solution may support the growth of the bacteria in a low nutrient medium, while also playing an important role in resuscitation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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