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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie; 72. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 94. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 49. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20081022-20081025; Berlin; DOCPO21-1379 /20081016/
    Publication Date: 2008-10-17
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Experimental brain research 49 (1983), S. 291-299 
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Touch ; Textured surfaces ; Finger movement ; Human psychophysics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Human subjects were required to differentiate grating surfaces of alternating grooves and ridges by moving a finger back and forth across the surface. Their discriminative capacities were measured, as well as the movement and force profiles that they selected. To measure discrimination, a forced choice paradigm was used in which three surfaces were presented on each trial. Two surfaces were the same (standards) and the subject was required to indicate which of the three surfaces (the comparison) differed from the other two. Two series of surfaces were used with standards whose spatial periods were 770 and 1002 μ, respectively. Subjects were able to discriminate, at the 75% correct level, two gratings which differed in spatial period by the order of 5%. When tangential movement between the surface and the finger was eliminated, and only radial contact permitted, discrimination was degraded and the 75% correct levels increased to the order of 10%. Subjects were free to choose their own patterns of finger movement and of contact force between finger and surface. Movement was measured cinematographically. For all subjects movement patterns were close to sinusoidal, with frequencies in the range of 4.0 Hz and with mean velocities of the order of 160 mm/s. Patterns of contact force were measured by a force transducer. For all subjects the force varied rhythmically in synchrony with movement, but the patterns and magnitudes varied with the subject. Gratings were scaled for perceived roughness by a magnitude estimation technique: the relationship between perceived roughness and grating period was monotonic.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Vibration ; Threshold ; Digital nerve ; Lesion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Vibratory detection thresholds were measured at a number of frequencies between 5 and 320 Hz following a lesion of the lateral digital nerve innervating the terminal phalanx of the left index finger. Thresholds measurements began approximately 4 weeks after the nerve was repaired. A staircase method was used to determine thresholds on both the injured fingerpad and the intact fingerpad of the opposite hand. There was a large increase in thresholds on the injured fingerpad in the lower range of frequencies (5–40 Hz) while at higher frequencies (80–250 Hz) there was no significant difference between the thresholds on the injured fingerpad and those on the intact fingerpad. It is suggested that the differential effect of the nerve lesion on vibratory thresholds reflects the spread of the vibratory stimulus through the skin and the spatial characteristics of functionally intact receptor/afferent groups innervating neighbouring skin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Key words Lateral geniculate nucleus ; Visual development ; Contrast-sensitivity ; Temporal frequency ; Monkey
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  We studied the development of spatial contrast-sensitivity and temporal-frequency selectivity for neurons in the monkey lateral geniculate nucleus. During postnatal week 1, the spatial properties of P-cells and M-cells are hardly distinguishable, with low contrast-sensitivity, sluggish responses, and poor spatial resolution. The acuity of P-cells improves progressively until at least 8 months, but there is no obvious increase in their maximum contrast-sensitivity with age. The contrast sensitivity of M-cells is already clearly higher than that of P-cells by 2 months, and at 8 months of age this characteristic difference between M- and P-cells approaches the adult pattern. There is a major increase in responsiveness during the first 2 postnatal months, especially for M-cells, the peak firing rate of which rises fivefold, on average, between birth and 2 months. Many P-cells in the neonatal and 2-month-old animals did not give statistically reliable responses to achromatic gratings, even at the highest contrasts: this unresponsiveness of P-cells might result from low gain and/or chromatic opponency. The upper limit of temporal resolution in the neonate is low – about one-third of that in the adult. Among M-cells, the improvement in temporal resolution, like that in contrast sensitivity, is rapid over the first 2 months, followed by a slower change approaching the adult value by 8 months of age. The development of contrast sensitivity, responsiveness and temporal tuning are little affected, if at all, by binocular deprivation of pattern vision from birth for even a prolonged period.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Touch domes ; Slowly adapting fibres ; Tactile sensation ; Human
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Detection thresholds to step indentations applied to touch domes were measured and compared with threshold values obtained on adjacent areas of hairy skin. The mean of the detection thresholds determined on touch domes for five subjects was 504±27 μm (SEM). The detection thresholds found off the touch domes (2–3 mm away) were somewhat higher in all ten cases (two studies per subject), with a mean value of 587±28 μm, which was significant at the 0.01 level. These thresholds are an order of magnitude greater than those that elicit responses in touch-dome-associated slowly adapting type I (SAI) fibres in cats, and, together with the small difference between the detection thresholds determined on and off touch domes, indicate that the activity of single touch dome SAI fibres does not mediate the detection of steady indentation in the hairy skin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Diabetes ; zinc ; immune system ; lymphocyte mitogenesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary To evaluate the role of zinc status in immune system dysfunction in diabetic animals, the interleukin-2 production and the lymphocyte mitogenic response to phytohaemagglutinin, concanavalin A and lipopolysaccharide were measured in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, diabetic rats treated with insulin and their non-diabetic controls maintained on low zinc, normal zinc and high zinc diets for 3 weeks. Unstimulated lymphocyte proliferation was significantly lower in diabetic rats compared to nondiabetic control rats maintained on normal zinc diet (1505±318 vs 3447±497 cpm) (p〈0.005) or low zinc diet (546±191 vs 4011±628cpm) (p〈0.005). High zinc diet attenuated the difference between the diabetic rats (2404±833 cpm) and control rats (3929±713 cpm). Insulinised diabetic rats were similar to control rats. Phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation was not significantly altered with dietary zinc changes, but diabetic rats on low zinc diet had significantly lower (p〈0.025) values compared to control rats on the same diet (41470±7874 vs 72308±8895 cpm). Insulinisation did not normalise phytohemaegglutinin-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation (40711±3666 cpm). Similarly, cells from diabetic rats on low zinc diet, unlike their controls, failed to respond to concanavalin A stimulation. Compared to control rats the diabetic rats on either low or normal zinc diets had lower lipopolysaccharide-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation. High zinc diet or insulinisation normalised mitogenic response of lymphocytes to lipopolysaccharide. Unlike the diabetic rats alterations in dietary zinc intake did not significantly affect the lymphocyte proliferation in control rats. Neither the diabetic state nor zinc status had any significant effect on interleukin-2 production. Thus, zinc status of the animal is an important determinant of cell-mediated immunity, but additional factors peculiar to the diabetic state may be involved in the modulation of the immune system in diabetes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1420-908X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1420-908X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Five non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (in-domethacin, naproxen, meclofenamic acid, feprazone and phenylbutazone: NSAIDs) and three glucocorticosteroids (dexamethasone, hydrocortisone and prednisolone) have been tested as local inhibitors of increased vascular permeability in guinea-pig skin. Lesions were induced by histamine or by antigen to evoke type I (passive cutanous anaphylaxis), type III (reverse passive Arthus) and type IV (delayed hypersensitivity) allergic reactions. NSAIDs and glucocorticosteroids caused either weak, inconsistent inhibition or slight, high-dose inhibition of the response to histamine. None of the drugs tested showed significant inhibition of the type IV response. The NSAIDs caused dose-related inhibition of both type I and type III responses whereas glucocorticosteroids were ineffective. Maximum inhibition with the NSAIDs was never greater than 50–60% Feprazone, meclofenamic acid and indomethacin were the most potent inhibitors of histamine, PCA and Arthus responses respectively. The possible significance of the effects of these anti-inflammatory agents on vascular permeability is discussed.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 113 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The ether-linked phospholipid, Paf-acether (AGEPC) is released from a variety of inflammatory cell types and has properties consistent with those of a mediator of inflammation. We have examined the effects of locally administered Paf-acether on cellular accumulation in the skin of experimental animals and man by histological evaluation of sequential skin biopsies and quantification of accumulation of radiolabelled blood elements.In guinea-pig skin, immediate extravasation of plasma protein and intravascular accumulation of platelets and neutrophils was succeeded by a persistent mixed cellular infiltrate predominantly of neutrophils but also containing lymphocytes and histiocytes. Radiolabelling studies were consistent with these observations. Intradermal Paf-acether elicited persistent clinical and histopathological responses in human skin. The finding that Paf-acether is able to initiate cutaneous cellular accumulation may be important in the pathogenesis of inflammatory dermatoses.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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