Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Background. ABSTExperimental evidences have suggested that a Th1 response is unable to eliminate H. pylori colonization; whereas a Th2 response, like the one induced by vaccination, reduces H. pylori infection in animal models. Some parasitic infections induce a polarized Th2 response, which theoretically would favor a reduced H. pylori prevalence. The aim of this work was to study the possible association between parasitic infections and H. pylori prevalence.Materials and Methods. The study population included 120 children and 188 adults from a low socioeconomic level village. H. pylori prevalence was determined in serum by ELISA; parasitic infections were identified in feces by microscopic examination; and total serum IgE levels, as an indirect indicator of some parasitic infections, were determined by ELISA.Results. In children, H. pylori prevalence was no different between those with and without intestinal parasitic infection. By contrast, adults with intestinal parasitic infection had a significantly lower H. pylori prevalence than adults without parasites (62.6% compared with 80.4%; p = 0.006, OR 2.45). Also in adults, but not in children, total IgE levels were significantly higher in those without H. pylori infection than in those with H. pylori infection (p 〈 0.001).Conclusions. Intestinal parasitic infections and serum IgE levels showed an age-dependent association with H. pylori prevalence. In adults, but not in children, intestinal parasitic infections and increased IgE levels where associated with a reduced H. pylori prevalence.
Type of Medium: