Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity was measured in lysates of cloned and uncloned cultures of bovine fetal aortic endothelial cells. The expression of ACE activity in these cells was complex, and influenced by subcultivation, cell density, serum, cumulative population doublings, and clonal heterogeneity. The ACE specific activity at any point in the in vitro lifespan was determined, at least in part, by interaction of these culture variables. After subcultivation to subconfluent densities, cellular ACE specific activity decreased markedly and did not reach detectable levels until cells attained confluent densities. The use of different suppliers' lots of serum in the growth medium resulted in different cellular ACE specific activities. The ACE specific activity decreased as cultures were serially subcultivated, but remained detectable throughout the lifespan, suggesting a linkage between the proliferative history of an endothelial cell and its remaining capacity to express ACE. Increased ACE activity was observed when cells at the end of their lifespan were cultured at high densities. Cloned strains behaved similarly to the uncloned parent culture, except that they exhibited a wide range of ACE specific activities.
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