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  • 1
    Abstract: We recently reported a truncating deletion in the NFKBIE gene, which encodes IkappaB, a negative feedback regulator of NF-kappaB, in clinically aggressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Preliminary data indicate enrichment of NFKBIE aberrations in other lymphoid malignancies, hence we screened a large patient cohort (n=1460) diagnosed with different lymphoid neoplasms. While NFKBIE deletions were infrequent in follicular lymphoma, splenic marginal-zone lymphoma, and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (〈2%), slightly higher frequencies were seen in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, and primary CNS lymphoma (3-4%). In contrast, a remarkably high frequency of NFKBIE aberrations (46/203 cases, 22.7%) was observed in primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (3/11 cases, 27.3%). NFKBIE-deleted PMBL patients were more often therapy-refractory (P=.022) and displayed inferior outcome compared to wildtype patients (5-year survival: 59% vs. 78%; P=.034); however they appeared to benefit from radiotherapy (P=.022) and rituximab-containing regimens (P=.074). NFKBIE aberrations remained an independent factor in multivariate analysis (P=.003), also when restricting to immunochemotherapy-treated patients (P=.008). Whole-exome sequencing and gene expression-profiling verified the importance of NF-kappaB deregulation in PMBL. In summary, we identify NFKBIE aberrations as a common genetic event across B-cell malignancies and highlight NFKBIE deletions as a novel poor-prognostic marker in PMBL.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27670424
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-04-06
    Description: A number of human cancers harbor somatic point mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenases 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2). These mutations alter residues in the enzyme active sites and confer a gain-of-function in cancer cells, resulting in the accumulation and secretion of the oncometabolite (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). We developed a small molecule, AGI-6780, that potently and selectively inhibits the tumor-associated mutant IDH2/R140Q. A crystal structure of AGI-6780 complexed with IDH2/R140Q revealed that the inhibitor binds in an allosteric manner at the dimer interface. The results of steady-state enzymology analysis were consistent with allostery and slow-tight binding by AGI-6780. Treatment with AGI-6780 induced differentiation of TF-1 erythroleukemia and primary human acute myelogenous leukemia cells in vitro. These data provide proof-of-concept that inhibitors targeting mutant IDH2/R140Q could have potential applications as a differentiation therapy for cancer.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wang, Fang -- Travins, Jeremy -- DeLaBarre, Byron -- Penard-Lacronique, Virginie -- Schalm, Stefanie -- Hansen, Erica -- Straley, Kimberly -- Kernytsky, Andrew -- Liu, Wei -- Gliser, Camelia -- Yang, Hua -- Gross, Stefan -- Artin, Erin -- Saada, Veronique -- Mylonas, Elena -- Quivoron, Cyril -- Popovici-Muller, Janeta -- Saunders, Jeffrey O -- Salituro, Francesco G -- Yan, Shunqi -- Murray, Stuart -- Wei, Wentao -- Gao, Yi -- Dang, Lenny -- Dorsch, Marion -- Agresta, Sam -- Schenkein, David P -- Biller, Scott A -- Su, Shinsan M -- de Botton, Stephane -- Yen, Katharine E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 May 3;340(6132):622-6. doi: 10.1126/science.1234769. Epub 2013 Apr 4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Agios Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA 02139-4169, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Allosteric Site ; Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry/metabolism/pharmacology ; Catalytic Domain ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Proliferation ; Cells, Cultured ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Enzyme Inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology ; Erythropoiesis/drug effects ; Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic ; Glutarates/metabolism ; Hematopoiesis/*drug effects ; Humans ; Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/*antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism ; Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy/*enzymology/genetics/pathology ; Molecular Targeted Therapy ; Mutant Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Phenylurea Compounds/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology ; Point Mutation ; Protein Multimerization ; Protein Structure, Secondary ; Small Molecule Libraries ; Sulfonamides/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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