Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
PSORS1 on chromosome 6p21.3, which contains the MHC, is a major susceptibility locus for psoriasis vulgaris. This region is characterized by strong linkage disequilibrium and contains the corneodesmosin (CSDN) gene, an attractive candidate for psoriasis susceptibility based on its putative biological function in keratinocyte adhesion, and HLA-Cw6, an established marker for psoriasis susceptibility. We compared two genetically independent populations in order to define the major psoriasis susceptibility gene, a British Caucasian population comprising parent–offspring trios analysed by the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and a Japanese case–control population. All individuals were investigated for CDSN polymorphism (+619, +1236, +1240 and +1243) and HLA-C association. Our data confirms strong association with HLA-Cw6 and CDSN allele 5 (+619T, +1240G, +1243C) in the Caucasian cohort (TDT, P = 5.4 × 10−6) and in addition defines this region further by identifying a high-risk CDSN haplotype (allele 5 and +1236T, P = 8.5 × 10−8). In contrast no association was observed in the Japanese cohort for any HLA-C or CDSN alleles. This data supports a role for the CDSN gene in Caucasian populations with psoriasis. However the lack of association with HLA-Cw6 and CDSN alleles in Japanese psoriasis patients may be because Japanese patients exhibit a form of psoriasis similar to late onset or Type II psoriasis vulgaris in contrast to early onset or Type I disease characterizing our Caucasian population.
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