Keywords Genetics, candidate gene, apoptosis, tolerance, microsatellite, ALPS, c-Myb, SP-1, NF-kB.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Aims/hypothesis. The human Fas gene (FAS) on chromosome 10q24.1 encoding a cell surface receptor involved in apoptosis was evaluated as a candidate susceptibility gene for Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Apoptosis mediated by Fas is important in maintaining peripheral self-tolerance and in down-regulating the immune response and could have a role in immune-mediated beta-cell destruction.¶Methods. We did a molecular scan of the entire human FAS (promoter, exons 1–9 including exon-intron boundaries and the 3 ′UTR) using single strand conformational polymorphism-heteroduplex analysis.¶Results. We identified 15 mutations, of which 11 are new. Of these a g-1194A→T and a g-295Ains give rise to alterations of transcription-factor-binding consensus sequences for c-Myb, SP-1 and NF-kB, respectively. A total of 1068 people from a Danish family collection comprising 138 Type I diabetic sib-pair families (289 affected and 121 unaffected offspring) and 103 Type I diabetic parent-offspring multiplex families (103 affected and 112 unaffected offspring) were typed for the three most frequent polymorphisms with high heterozygosity indices and for a FAS microsatellite. Haplotypes were established and data analysed using the extended transmission disequilibrium test, ETDT.¶Conclusion/interpretation. We found no overall evidence for linkage of the FAS polymorphisms to Type I diabetes. We conclude that it is unlikely that the Fas gene does contribute to genetic susceptibility for Type I diabetes. [Diabetologia (2000) 43: 800–808]
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