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  • 1
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; EXPRESSION ; KINASE ; PROTEIN ; ACTIVATION ; GLYCATION END-PRODUCTS ; OXIDATIVE STRESS ; p38 ; METHYLGLYOXAL INDUCES APOPTOSIS ; GLYOXAL
    Abstract: Tamoxifen is the standard adjuvant endocrine therapy for estrogen-receptor positive premenopausal breast cancer patients. However, tamoxifen resistance is frequently observed under therapy. A tamoxifen resistant cell line has been generated from the estrogen receptor positive mamma carcinoma cell line MCF-7 and was analyzed for putative differences in the aldehyde defence system and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGE). In comparison to wt MCF-7 cells, these tamoxifen resistant cells were more sensitive to the dicarbonyl compounds glyoxal and methylglyoxal and displayed increased caspase activity, p38-MAPK- and I kappa B alpha-phosphorylation. However, mRNA accumulation of the aldehyde-and AGE-defence enzymes glyoxalase-1 and -2 (GLO1, GLO2) as well as fructosamine-3-kinase (FN3K) was not significantly altered. Tamoxifen resistant cells contained less free sulfhydryl-groups (glutathione) suggesting that the increased sensitivity towards the dicarbonyls was due to a higher sensitivity towards reactive oxygen species which are associated with dicarbonyl stress. To further analyse, if these data are of more general importance, key experiments were replicated with tamoxifen resistant MCF-7 cell lines from two independent sources. These cell lines were also more sensitive to aldehydes, especially glyoxal, but were different in their cellular signalling responses to the aldehydes. In conclusion, glyoxalases and other aldehyde defence enzymes might represent a promising target for the therapy of tamoxifen resistant breast cancers.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24983248
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Jahrestagung 2012 der Sächsischen Augenärztlichen Gesellschaft; 20121130-20121201; Leipzig; DOC12sag39 /20121128/
    Publication Date: 2012-11-29
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Gametophytic self-incompatibility ; S locus ; Differential display ; Pollen-expressed genes ; Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  The S locus of solanaceous plants includes separate genes that control the self-incompatibility phenotype of the pistil and of the pollen. The gene controlling the self-incompatibility phenotype of the pistil encodes an extracellular ribonuclease, the S-RNase. The gene(s) controlling the self-incompatibility phenotype of pollen (the pollen-S gene) has yet to be identified. As part of a long-term strategy to clone the pollen-S gene by chromosome walking, a detailed map of the region near the S locus of Nicotiana alata was generated using a total of 251 F2 plants. The map spans an interval of approximately 2.6 cM and contains five markers as well as the S-RNase gene. Two markers were detected with heterologous probes that also detect sequences linked to the S locus of Solanum tuberosum and the homologous region of the Lycopersicon genome. Three markers were identified by differential display using N. alata pollen RNA as a template. One of these markers is a pollen-expressed sequence, 48A, which detects a polymorphic marker no more than 0.5 cM from the S locus. RNA blot analysis indicates that the 48A gene is expressed primarily during pollen development after the completion of meiosis and is therefore a candidate for the pollen-S gene. The utility of these markers and the possible involvement of 48A in the molecular mechanism of self- incompatibility are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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