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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Indoor air 4 (1994), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Notes: A health and housing questionnaire was administered to children, ages 9-11, living in 24 communities in the United States and Canada. Logistic regression analysis examined the relationship between respiratory health symptoms (bronchitic, asthmatic and lower respiratory) and housing factors. The health risks (expressed as relative odds) were controlled for gender, parental asthma, parental chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and parental education, as well as between-city differences. Lower respiratory symptoms had significantly higher odds ratios reported in older homes (1.12), homes with smokers (1.24), air conditioners (1.14), air cleaners (1.37), and humidifiers (1.47). Home dampness (1.48) and the individual mold and water variables were all significantly associated with increased symptoms. Similar results were reported for bronchitic and asthmatic symptoms. While air conditioners and air cleaners were confounded with symptoms, humidifiers remained significant after controlling for childhood atopy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Indoor air 3 (1993), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Notes: In order to investigate the health effects of NO2, emitted from gas cooking stoves, we compared the prevalence of several respiratory symptoms for people living in gas homes (homes with gas cooking stoves) with those for people living in electric homes (homes with electric cooking stoves) in Japan. The survey was conducted in September 1985, with a self-administered questionnaire. No statistically significant differences were found for several respiratory symptoms between electric homes and gas homes among both children (adjusted odds ratios: 0.64–1.80) and their parents (odds ratios: 0.39–0.94). This work represents a preliminary study in Japan. A longitudinal study should be conducted to further investigate the health effects associated with gas cooking stoves.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To investigate the biological contaminant levels inside dwellings in Japan, the authors measured fungal indices, airborne mite allergens (Der 1 and Der 2), and suspended particulate matter (SPM). Measurements were continuously conducted at one dwelling located in Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa. The biosensors for fungal index were set at 12 points inside and 2 points outside the dwelling. An SPM sampler was placed in the living room, and samplers for collecting allergens were placed in the living room and in the washroom. The peak level of the fungal index was recorded during July, which is the rainy season in Japan. The highest value in the dwelling was 6.9 in the toilet, and the second highest was 6.6 near a window in the living room that faces southeast, and behind the sofa. The highest monthly SPM level was 21.5 μg/m3 during October, and the highest monthly allergen level (Der 1) in the living room was 25.7 μg/m3 during November. A positive relationship between the fungal index and mite allergens was not observed, and the levels of contaminants were not as those found in other studies. However, further study to investigate the distribution of biological contaminants is needed because indoor temperature and relative humidity are comparatively high.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1436-2813
    Keywords: fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma ; clinicopathology ; histology ; preoperative diagnosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report herein the cases of two Japanese patients with typical fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma treated at our institute. The first patient was a 19-year-old man with no hepatitis B or C viral infection and a normal, noncirrhotic liver in the nontumorous area. The second was a 36-year-old woman with no viral infection and a noncirrhotic liver in the nontumorous area. The clinicopathology, imaging appearances, and histology of both cases were similar to reports from the United States.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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